March 1: Disability Day of Mourning; Saint David's Day; Independence Day in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992); Yap Day in Yap State, Federated States of Micronesia
March 2: Beginning of the Nineteen-Day Fast (Baháʼí Faith, 2023)
March 3: Liberation Day in Bulgaria (1878); Hinamatsuri in Japan
Poster for the premiere of Carmen
March 4: Feast day of Saint Casimir (Catholicism)
March 5: Learn from Lei Feng Day in China; St Piran's Day in Cornwall, England
March 6: Fast of Esther (Judaism, 2023); National Heroes and Benefactors Day in Belize (2023)
March 7: Feast day of Saints Perpetua and Felicity (Catholicism, Anglicanism, Lutheranism)
Artist's impression of the Kepler space telescope
March 8: International Women's Day; Aurat March in Pakistan
Anne of Great Britain
- 1702 – Anne (pictured) became the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland, succeeding her brother-in-law William III.
- 1736 – Nader Shah, the founder of the Afsharid dynasty, was crowned Shah of Iran.
- 1919 – During the Egyptian Revolution, British authorities arrested rebel leader Saad Zaghloul and exiled him to Malta.
- 1978 – BBC Radio 4 began broadcasting Douglas Adams's The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, a science fiction radio series that was later adapted into novels, a television series, and other formats.
- 1983 – Cold War: In a speech to the National Association of Evangelicals in Orlando, Florida, U.S. president Ronald Reagan described the Soviet Union as an "evil empire".
- 2017 – The Azure Window, a limestone natural arch in Gozo, Malta, collapsed during a storm.
Éamon de Valera
Aircraft involved in Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302
Gandhi and Naidu on the Salt March
March 13: Commonwealth Day in the Commonwealth of Nations (2023)
Deportation of Jews from the Kraków Ghetto
- 1781 – William Herschel discovered the planet Uranus from the garden of his house in Bath, England, initially considering it to be a comet.
- 1845 – German composer Felix Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto was performed for the first time.
- 1943 – The Holocaust: Nazi troops began the final liquidation of the Kraków Ghetto in German occupied Poland, sending about 2,000 Jews to the Płaszów labor camp (deportation pictured), with the remaining 5,000 either killed or sent to Auschwitz.
- 1988 – The Seikan Tunnel, 53.85 km (33.46 mi) in length, opened between the cities of Hakodate and Aomori, Japan.
- 2013 – Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio was elected Pope Francis, making him the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas, and the first from the Southern Hemisphere.
March 14: New Year's Day (Sikhism); White Day in parts of East Asia; Pi Day
- 1309 – On Eid al-Fitr, the citizens of Granada stormed palaces in the city, deposing Sultan Muhammad III and placing his half-brother Nasr on the throne.
- 1489 – Catherine Cornaro (pictured), Queen of Cyprus, was forced to abdicate and sell the administration of the island to the Republic of Venice.
- 1885 – The Mikado, Gilbert and Sullivan's most frequently performed Savoy opera, debuted at the Savoy Theatre in London.
- 1969 – Edward M. Burke, the longest-serving alderman in the history of the Chicago City Council, was sworn into office.
- 1984 – Gerry Adams, leader of Sinn Féin, was seriously wounded in an assassination attempt by Ulster Freedom Fighters in central Belfast, Northern Ireland.
March 15: Ides of March
March 16: Remembrance Day of the Latvian Legionnaires
FA Cup trophy
March 17: Saint Patrick's Day (Christianity); Anniversary of the Unification of Italy (1861)
A 15th-century depiction of Edward the Black Prince
March 18: Feast day of Saint Cyril of Jerusalem (Christianity)
Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum
March 19: Saint Joseph's Day (Western Christianity); Mothering Sunday (Western Christianity, 2023)
Artist's impression of GRB 080319B
March 20: Nowruz (2023)
March 21: Oltenia Day in Romania
A 1545 depiction of Thomas Cranmer
- 1556 – Former Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer (pictured), one of the founders of Anglicanism, was burnt at the stake for heresy in Oxford, England.
- 1814 – War of the Sixth Coalition: During their march on Paris, Coalition forces defeated Napoleon's French army on the final day of the Battle of Arcis-sur-Aube.
- 1918 – First World War: The German Army opened the Spring Offensive with Operation Michael, attempting to break through the Allied lines and to seize ports on the English Channel.
- 1960 – Police in Sharpeville, South Africa, opened fire on a group of unarmed black demonstrators who were protesting pass laws, killing 69 people and wounding 180 others.
- 2019 – A major explosion at a chemical plant in Yancheng, China, killed 78 people and injured 640 others.
March 22: World Water Day
The Emerald Buddha in winter attire
March 23: First day of Ramadan (Islam, 2023)
Kowloon Walled City
March 24: World Tuberculosis Day
James VI and I
March 25: Bangladesh Genocide Remembrance Day; Earth Hour (20:30 local time, 2023)
March 27: Day of the Union of Bessarabia with Romania (1918)
Coin of Didius Julianus
March 29: Boganda Day in the Central African Republic (1959); Martyrs' Day in Madagascar (1947)
Part of the Terracotta Army
March 30: Land Day in Palestinian communities (1976)
Moments after the attempted assassination of Reagan
March 31: Cesar Chavez Day in various U.S. states (1927); International Transgender Day of Visibility
Bernard of Clairvaux