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|Children's Rights Commissioner for the President of Russia|
|Assumed office |
27 October 2021
|Preceded by||Anna Kuznetsova|
from Penza Oblast
21 September 2020 – 27 October 2021
|Preceded by||Alexey Dmitriyenko|
|Succeeded by||Nikolay Kondratyuk|
|Born||25 October 1984|
Penza, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Political party||United Russia|
|Children||23 (5 biological, 18 adopted)|
Maria Alekseyevna Lvova-Belova (Russian: Мария Алексеевна Львова-Белова, pronounced [mɐˈrʲijə ɐlʲɪˈksʲejɪvnə lʲvəvə bʲɪɫəvə]; born 25 October 1984) is a Russian politician serving as the Presidential Commissioner for Children's Rights in Russia since 2021.
On 17 March 2023, the International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant for unlawful deportation of children from Ukraine to Russia during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.
Lvova-Belova was born on 25 October 1984. Born and raised in Penza, Lvova-Belova graduated from the A. A. Arkhangelsky College of Culture and Arts in 2002 as a conductor. From 2000 to 2005, she worked as a guitar teacher at children's music schools in Penza. She cofounded and headed the Penza regional public organization for promoting social adaptation "Blagovest."
From 2011 to 2014 and 2017 to 2019, she was a member of the Civic Chamber of Penza Oblast, the latter term overlapping one in the Civic Chamber of the Russian Federation. In 2019, she was elected co-chair of the All-Russia People's Front regional headquarters.
In 2019, Lvova-Belova joined the United Russia party (the ID card was given to her on 23 November by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev). On 24 November, she was elected to the Presidium of the General Council of the United Russia, and she became the co-chair of the working group to support civil society. In September 2020, reelected governor of Penza Oblast Ivan Belozertsev appointed her to the Federation Council of Russia from Penza Oblast's executive branch. After the 2021 snap election, she was reappointed by Oleg Melnichenko.
On 27 October 2021, Russian president Vladimir Putin appointed Senator Maria Lvova-Belova as the federal Commissioner for Children's Rights, one month after previous commissioner Anna Kuznetsova became an MP.
Lvova-Belova was accused by Ukrainian and British officials of supervising the forcible deportation and adoption of children from Ukraine during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. Following the invasion, she was sanctioned by the United Kingdom in June 2022, by the European Union in July 2022, by the United States in September 2022, and by Japan in January 2023.
A warrant for Lvova-Belova's arrest was issued by the International Criminal Court on 17 March 2023, which claims she is responsible for the unlawful deportation of children from Ukraine to Russia during the invasion; a similar warrant was issued for Putin.
Lvova-Belova has been married to Pavel Kogelman, a priest of the Russian Orthodox Church and formerly a programmer, since 2003. They have five biological and eighteen adopted children. The former were born in 2005, 2007, 2010, 2014 and 2018. In February 2023, she adopted a 15-year-old boy from Mariupol, which The Moscow Times said would likely spark outrage due to the concurrent deportation program.