Xhosa calendar

The following is a list of timekeeping terminology in the Xhosa language.

Month names[]


The traditional names for months come from names of plants or flowers that grow or seasonal changes that happen at a given time of year. They are:

English Xhosa Explanation of the months
January EyoMqungu month of the Tambuki Grass
February EyoMdumba month of the swelling grain
March EyoKwindla month of the first fruits
April UTshazimpunzi month of the withering pumpkins
May UCanzibe month of Canopus
June EyeSilimela month of the Pleiades
July EyeKhala / EyeNtlaba month of the aloes
August EyeThupha month of the buds
September EyoMsintsi month of the coast coral tree
October EyeDwarha month of the lilypad
November EyeNkanga month of the small yellow daisies
December EyoMnga month of the Acacia tree

Gregorian months[]

The modern names for the months are borrowed from the English equivalents:

Days of the week[]


See also[]

Further reading[]

  • Kirsch et al., Clicking with Xhosa, David Phillip Publishers, Cape Town, 2001, p. 43f.