XXXX Reserve Corps (German Empire)

XXXX Reserve Corps
XXXX. Reserve-Korps
Stab eines Generalkommandos.svg
Flag of the Staff of a Generalkommando (1871–1918)
ActiveDecember 1914 - posts November 1918
Country German Empire
SizeApproximately 26,000 (on formation)
EngagementsWorld War I

The XXXX Reserve Corps (German: XXXX. Reserve-Korps / XXXX RK) was a corps level command of the German Army in World War I.


XXXX Reserve Corps was formed in December

1914.[1] It was part of the second wave of new Corps formed in the early stages of World War I consisting of XXXVIII - XXXXI[2] Reserve Corps of 75th - 82nd Reserve Divisions (plus 8th Bavarian Reserve Division). The personnel was predominantly made up of kriegsfreiwillige (wartime volunteers) who did not wait to be called up.[3] It was still in existence at the end of the war[4] in the 6th Army, Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht on the Western Front.[5]

Structure on formation[]

On formation in December 1914, XXXX Reserve Corps consisted of two divisions.[6] but was weaker than an Active Corps

In summary, XXXX Reserve Corps mobilised with 18 infantry battalions, 2 cavalry detachments, 24 field artillery batteries (96 guns), 2 cyclist companies and 2 pioneer companies.

Corps Division Brigade Units
XXXX Reserve Corps 79th Reserve Division[10] 79th Reserve Infantry Brigade 261st Reserve Infantry Regiment
262nd Reserve Infantry Regiment
263rd Reserve Infantry Regiment
79th Reserve Field Artillery Brigade 63rd Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
64th Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
79th Reserve Cavalry Detachment
79th Reserve Cyclist Company
79th Reserve Pioneer Company
80th Reserve Division[11] 80th Reserve Infantry Brigade 264th Reserve Infantry Regiment
265th Reserve Infantry Regiment
266th Reserve Infantry Regiment
80th Reserve Field Artillery Brigade 65th Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
66th Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
80th Reserve Cavalry Detachment
80th Reserve Cyclist Company
80th Reserve Pioneer Company

Combat chronicle[]


XXXX Reserve Corps had the following commanders during its existence:[12][13]

From Rank Name
24 December 1914 General der Infanterie Karl Litzmann
6 August 1918 Generalleutnant Paul Grünert

See also[]


  1. ^ Cron 2002, p. 87
  2. ^ In German military nomenclature, "40" was rendered as "XXXX" in Roman numerals rather than the more conventional "XL".
  3. ^ Cron 2002, p. 97
  4. ^ Cron 2002, pp. 88–89
  5. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, pp. 186–187
  6. ^ AEF GHQ 1920, pp. 538,542
  7. ^ Busche 1998, pp. 118–119
  8. ^ Cron 2002, p. 128 Reserve Cavalry Regiments consisted of three squadrons
  9. ^ Cron 2002, p. 136
  10. ^ AEF GHQ 1920, p. 537
  11. ^ AEF GHQ 1920, p. 541
  12. ^ "German War History". Retrieved 23 December 2012.
  13. ^ "Armee-Reserve-Korps". The Prussian Machine. Archived from the original on 11 April 2012. Retrieved 23 December 2012.