XXXVIII Reserve Corps (German Empire)

XXXVIII Reserve Corps
XXXVIII. Reserve-Korps
Stab eines Generalkommandos.svg
Flag of the Staff of a Generalkommando (1871–1918)
ActiveDecember 1914 - post November 1918
Country German Empire
TypeCorps
SizeApproximately 26,000 (on formation)
EngagementsWorld War I

The XXXVIII Reserve Corps (German: XXXVIII. Reserve-Korps / XXXVIII RK) was a corps level command of the German Army in World War I.

Formation[]

XXXVIII Reserve Corps was formed in December 1914.[1] It was part of the second wave of new Corps formed in the early stages of World War I consisting of XXXVIII - XXXXI[2] Reserve Corps of 75th - 82nd Reserve Divisions (plus 8th Bavarian Reserve Division). The personnel was predominantly made up of kriegsfreiwillige (wartime volunteers) who did not wait to be called up.[3] From 28 March 1915 to 31 December 1917 it was known as Beskidenkorps (Beskids Corps).[4] The Corps was still in existence at the end of the war[5] in the 3rd Army, Heeresgruppe Deutscher Kronprinz on the Western Front.[6]

Structure on formation[]

On formation in December 1914, XXXVIII Reserve Corps consisted of two divisions.[7] but was weaker than an Active Corps

In summary, XXXVIII Reserve Corps mobilised with 18 infantry battalions, 2 cavalry detachments, 24 field artillery batteries (96 guns), 2 cyclist companies and 2 pioneer companies.

Corps Division Brigade Units
XXXVIII Reserve Corps 75th Reserve Division[11] 75th Reserve Infantry Brigade 249th Reserve Infantry Regiment
250th Reserve Infantry Regiment
251st Reserve Infantry Regiment
75th Reserve Field Artillery Brigade 55th Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
57th Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
75th Reserve Cavalry Detachment
75th Reserve Cyclist Company
75th Reserve Pioneer Company
76th Reserve Division[12] 76th Reserve Infantry Brigade 252nd Reserve Infantry Regiment
253rd Reserve Infantry Regiment
254th Reserve Infantry Regiment
76th Reserve Field Artillery Brigade 56th Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
58th Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
76th Reserve Cavalry Detachment
76th Reserve Cyclist Company
76th Reserve Pioneer Company

Commanders[]

XXXVIII Reserve Corps had the following commanders during its existence:[13][14]

From Rank Name
24 December 1914 General der Kavallerie Georg von der Marwitz
21 July 1915 Generalleutnant Max Hofmann
23 September 1916 General der Kavallerie Manfred von Richthofen
3 August 1918 Generalleutnant Arthur Freiherr von Lüttwitz

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ Cron 2002, p. 87
  2. ^ In German military nomenclature, "40" was rendered as "XXXX" in Roman numerals rather than the more conventional "XL".
  3. ^ Cron 2002, p. 97
  4. ^ "German War History". Retrieved 23 December 2012.
  5. ^ Cron 2002, pp. 88–89
  6. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, pp. 186–187
  7. ^ AEF GHQ 1920, pp. 526,529
  8. ^ Busche 1998, pp. 115–116
  9. ^ Cron 2002, p. 128 Reserve Cavalry Regiments consisted of three squadrons
  10. ^ Cron 2002, p. 136
  11. ^ AEF GHQ 1920, p. 525
  12. ^ AEF GHQ 1920, p. 528
  13. ^ "German War History". Retrieved 23 December 2012.
  14. ^ "Armee-Reserve-Korps". The Prussian Machine. Archived from the original on April 11, 2012. Retrieved 23 December 2012.

Bibliography[]