XXII Reserve Corps (German Empire)

XXII Reserve Corps
XXII. Reserve-Korps
Stab eines Generalkommandos.svg
Flag of the Staff of a Generalkommando (1871–1918)
ActiveOctober 1914 - post November 1918
Country German Empire
TypeCorps
SizeApproximately 32,000 (on formation)
EngagementsWorld War I
Western Front
First Battle of Ypres

The XXII Reserve Corps (German: XXII. Reserve-Korps / XXII RK) was a corps level command of the German Army in World War I.

Formation[]

XXII Reserve Corps was formed in October 1914.[1] It was part of the first wave of new Corps formed at the outset of World War I consisting of XXII - XXVII Reserve Corps of 43rd - 54th Reserve Divisions (plus 6th Bavarian Reserve Division). The personnel was predominantly made up of kriegsfreiwillige (wartime volunteers) who did not wait to be called up.[2] It was still in existence at the end of the war.[3]

Structure on formation[]

On formation in October 1914, XXII Reserve Corps consisted of two divisions[4] but was weaker than an Active Corps

In summary, XXII Reserve Corps mobilised with 26 infantry battalions, 10 machine gun platoons (20 machine guns), 2 cavalry detachments, 18 field artillery batteries (72 guns) and 2 pioneer companies.

Corps Division Brigade Units
XXII Reserve Corps 43rd Reserve Division[9] 85th Reserve Infantry Brigade 201st Reserve Infantry Regiment
202nd Reserve Infantry Regiment
86th Reserve Infantry Brigade 203rd Reserve Infantry Regiment
204th Reserve Infantry Regiment
15th Reserve Jäger Battalion[10]
43rd Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
43rd Reserve Cavalry Detachment
43rd Reserve Pioneer Company
44th Reserve Division[11] 87th Reserve Infantry Brigade 205th Reserve Infantry Regiment
206th Reserve Infantry Regiment
88th Reserve Infantry Brigade 207th Reserve Infantry Regiment
208th Reserve Infantry Regiment
16th Reserve Jäger Battalion[12]
44th Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
44th Reserve Cavalry Detachment
44th Reserve Pioneer Company

Combat chronicle[]

Commanders[]

XXII Reserve Corps was commanded throughout its existence by General der Kavallerie Eugen von Falkenhayn ,[13][14] Prussian War Minister Erich von Falkenhayn's older brother.[15]

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ Cron 2002, p. 87
  2. ^ Cron 2002, p. 97
  3. ^ Cron 2002, pp. 88–89
  4. ^ AEF GHQ 1920, pp. 455,459
  5. ^ Busche 1998, pp. 100–102
  6. ^ Cron 2002, p. 116 Active Jäger Battlions had a machine gun company with the exceptions of the 1st and 2nd Bavarian Jäger Battalions
  7. ^ Cron 2002, p. 128 Reserve Cavalry Regiments consisted of three squadrons
  8. ^ Cron 2002, p. 136
  9. ^ AEF GHQ 1920, p. 454
  10. ^ Busche 1998, p. 132 With a machine gun platoon
  11. ^ AEF GHQ 1920, p. 458
  12. ^ Busche 1998, p. 132 With a machine gun platoon
  13. ^ "German War History". Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  14. ^ "Armee-Reserve-Korps". The Prussian Machine. Archived from the original on April 11, 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  15. ^ "Eugen von Falkenhayn". The Prussian Machine. Archived from the original on July 29, 2014. Retrieved 22 December 2012.

Bibliography[]