XIV Reserve Corps (German Empire)

XIV Reserve Corps
XIV. Reserve-Korps
Stab eines Generalkommandos.svg
Flag of the Staff of a Generalkommando (1871–1918)
Active2 August 1914 - post November 1918
Country German Empire
TypeCorps
SizeApproximately 38,000 (on formation)
EngagementsWorld War I
Battle of the Frontiers

The XIV Reserve Corps (German: XIV. Reserve-Korps / XIV RK) was a corps level command of the German Army in World War I.

Formation[]

XIV Reserve Corps was formed on the outbreak of the war in August 1914[1] as part of the mobilisation of the Army. It was initially commanded by General der Artillerie Richard von Schubert, brought out of retirement.[2] It was still in existence at the end of the war[3] in the 17th Army, Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht on the Western Front.[4]

Structure on formation[]

On formation in August 1914, XIV Reserve Corps consisted of two divisions, made up of reserve units. In general, Reserve Corps and Reserve Divisions were weaker than their active counterparts

Reserve Infantry Regiments did not always have three battalions nor necessarily contain a machine gun company[5]
Reserve Jäger Battalions did not have a machine gun company on formation[6]
Reserve Cavalry Regiments consisted of just three squadrons[7]
Reserve Field Artillery Regiments usually consisted of two abteilungen of three batteries each[8]
Corps Troops generally consisted of a Telephone Detachment and four sections of munition columns and trains [9]

In summary, XIV Reserve Corps mobilised with 26 infantry battalions, 7 machine gun companies (42 machine guns), 6 cavalry squadrons, 12 field artillery batteries (72 guns) and 3 pioneer companies. 26th Reserve Division was formed by units drawn from the XIII Corps District (Württemberg).[10] It included one active Infantry Regiment (180th).

Corps Division Brigade Units
XIV Reserve Corps[11] 26th Reserve Division 51st Reserve Infantry Brigade 180th Infantry Regiment
121st Reserve Infantry Regiment
52nd Reserve Infantry Brigade 119th Reserve Infantry Regiment
120th Reserve Infantry Regiment
Württemberg Reserve Dragoon Regiment
26th Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
4th Company, 13th Pioneer Battalion
26th Reserve Divisional Pontoon Train
Württemberg Reserve Medical Company
28th Reserve Division 55th Reserve Infantry Brigade 40th Reserve Infantry Regiment[12]
109th Reserve Infantry Regiment
8th Reserve Jäger Battalion
56th Reserve Infantry Brigade 110th Reserve Infantry Regiment
111th Reserve Infantry Regiment
14th Reserve Jäger Battalion
8th Reserve Dragoon Regiment
29th Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
1st Reserve Company, 13th Pioneer Battalion
2nd Reserve Company, 13th Pioneer Battalion
28th Reserve Divisional Pontoon Train
14th Reserve Medical Company
Corps Troops 14th Reserve Telephone Detachment
Munition Trains and Columns corresponding to the
III Reserve Corps

Combat chronicle[]

On mobilisation, XIV Reserve Corps was assigned to the 7th Army forming part of the right wing of the forces for the Schlieffen Plan offensive in August 1914.

Commanders[]

XIV Reserve Corps had the following commanders during its existence:[13]

From Rank Name
2 August 1914 General der Artillerie Richard von Schubert[14]
14 September 1914 Generalleutnant Hermann von Stein
29 October 1916 Generalleutnant Georg Fuchs [de][15]
11 March 1917 Generalleutnant Otto von Moser
8 February 1918 Generalleutnant Arthur von Lindequist
15 June 1918 Generalleutnant Richard Wellmann[16]
24 August 1918 Generalleutnant Kurt von Morgen[17]

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ Cron 2002, p. 86
  2. ^ The Prussian Machine Accessed: 3 March 2012
  3. ^ Cron 2002, pp. 88–89
  4. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, pp. 186–187
  5. ^ Cron 2002, p. 111 About a third of Reserve Infantry Regiments formed in August 1914 lacked a machine gun company
  6. ^ Cron 2002, p. 116 Active Jäger Battalions had a machine gun company with the exceptions of the 1st and 2nd Bavarian Jäger Battalions
  7. ^ Cron 2002, p. 128 Most active cavalry regiments had four squadrons, some were raised to six squadrons
  8. ^ Cron 2002, p. 134 Active Divisions had a Field Artillery Brigade of two regiments
  9. ^ Cron 2002, p. 86 Active Corps Troops included a battalion of heavy howitzers (Foot Artillery), an Aviation Detachment, a Telephone Detachment, a Corps Pontoon Train, a searchlight section, 2 munition column sections, one Foot Artillery munitions column section and two Train sections
  10. ^ War Office 1918, pp. 56,60
  11. ^ Cron 2002, pp. 321–322
  12. ^ Without a machine gun company
  13. ^ German War History Accessed: 13 April 2012
  14. ^ The Prussian Machine Accessed: 13 April 2012 Subsequently commander of 8th Army
  15. ^ The Prussian Machine Accessed: 13 April 2012 Subsequently commander of Armee-Abteilung C
  16. ^ Replaced von Morgen in command of I Corps. "Richard Wellmann". The Prussian Machine. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  17. ^ Replaced by Wellmann in command of I Corps. "Kurt von Morgen". The Prussian Machine. Retrieved 22 December 2012.

Bibliography[]

  • Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914–18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1.
  • Ellis, John; Cox, Michael (1993). The World War I Databook. Aurum Press. ISBN 1-85410-766-6.
  • The German Forces in the Field; 7th Revision, 11th November 1918; Compiled by the General Staff, War Office. Imperial War Museum, London and The Battery Press, Inc (1995). 1918. ISBN 1-870423-95-X.

Further reading[]

  • Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), compiled from records of Intelligence section of the General Staff, American Expionary Forces, at General Headquarters, Chaumont, France 1919. The London Stamp Exchange Ltd (1989). 1920. ISBN 0-948130-87-3.