Wisbech

Wisbech
North brink wisbech.jpg
North Brink
Wisbech is located in Cambridgeshire
Wisbech
Wisbech
Wisbech shown within Cambridgeshire
Population33,933 (2016)
OS grid referenceTF4609
Civil parish
  • Wisbech
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWISBECH
Postcode districtPE13, PE14
Dialling code01945
PoliceCambridgeshire
FireCambridgeshire
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
52°39′50″N 0°09′36″E / 52.664°N 0.160°E / 52.664; 0.160Coordinates: 52°39′50″N 0°09′36″E / 52.664°N 0.160°E / 52.664; 0.160

Wisbech (/ˈwɪzb/ WIZ-beech) is a Fenland market town, inland port and civil parish in the Fens of Cambridgeshire, England. It had a population of 31,573 in 2011. The town lies in the far north-east of the county, bordering Norfolk and only 5 miles (8 km) south of Lincolnshire. The tidal River Nene running through the town centre is spanned by two bridges. Before the Local Government Act 1972 came into force in 1974 Wisbech was a municipal borough.

History[]

Wisbece was recorded in the 1086 Domesday. The name Wisbech is believed to mean "on the back of the (River) Ouse", Ouse being a common Celtic word relating to water, and the name of a river that once flowed through the town. Alternatively, the first element may derive from the River Whissey which used to run to Wisbech or possibly ‘marshy-meadow valley or ridge’. OE Wisc or wisc + bece or baec. [1]

During the Iron Age, the area where Wisbech would develop lay in the west of the Brythonic Iceni tribe's territory. Icenian coins are known from both March and Wisbech.[2] Like the rest of Cambridgeshire, Wisbech was part of the Kingdom of East Anglia after the Anglo-Saxon invasion.

Middle Ages[]

The first authentic references to Wisbech occur in a charter dated 664 granting the Abbey at Medehamstead (now Peterborough) land in Wisbech [3] and in 1000, when Oswy and Leoflede, on the admission of their son Aelfwin as a monk, gave the vill to the monastery of Ely.[4] In 1086, when Wisbech was held by the abbot, there may have been some 65 to 70 families, or about 300 to 350 persons, in Wisbech manor. However, Wisbech (which is the only one of the Marshland vills of the isle to be mentioned in the Domesday Book) probably comprised the whole area from Tydd Gote down to the far end of Upwell at Welney.[5]

Wisbech Castle was built by William I to fortify the town.

In 1216, King John of England visited the castle as he came from Bishop’s Lynn. Tradition has it that his baggage train was lost to the incoming tide of The Wash. Treasure hunters still seek the lost royal treasure.[6]


Edward IV visited Wisbech in 1469.[7]

The register of Bishop Fordham of Ely appoints a Master of the Grammar Scholars in 1407 (the Grammar School dates back to 1379 or earlier).

Early Modern[]

The Charter of Edward VI, 1 June 1549 raised the town to a corporation. In the same year Wm. Bellman gave a plot of land for the school-house.[8]

During the reigns of Elizabeth I, James I, and Charles I, there was a state ecclesiastical prison in Wisbech for Catholics, many of whom died there owing to the insanitary conditions.[9] Among those held there were John Feckenham, the last Abbot of Westminster, and later two of the key participants in the Gunpowder Plot, Robert Catesby and Francis Tresham. The castle was rebuilt in the mid-17th century, and again in 1816 by Joseph Medworth, who also developed The Crescent, familiar as the setting in numerous costume dramas.

Peckover House on North Brink by the Nene in Wisbech

Peckover House, with its fine walled garden, was built in 1722 and purchased by the Quaker Peckover banking family in the 1790s, and is now owned by the National Trust(NT). Formerly known as Bank House, the house was renamed in honour of the Peckover family by the NT. The Peckover Bank became part of Barclays Bank.

In the 17th century, the inhabitants became known as the "Fen Tigers" for their resistance to the draining of the Fens, but the project turned Wisbech into a wealthy port handling agricultural produce. At the time, Wisbech was on the estuary of the River Great Ouse, but silting caused the coastline to move north, and the River Nene was diverted to serve the town.

In 1797, a corps of volunteer infantry was formed. A light infantry company was added in 1807.[10]

Late Modern[]

In 1835 a copy of Col. Watson's History of Wisbech was presented to Princess Victoria during her brief halt in Wisbech.

In 1863 a copy of Walker and Craddocks History of Wisbech was presented to the Prince and Princess of Wales on their arrival by train.[11]

The Wisbech Canal joining the River Nene at Wisbech was subsequently filled in and became the dual carriageway leading into the town from the east (now crossing the bypass).[12]

On Thursday 2nd June, 1932 newsreel photographers record the 'Capital of the Fens' as it is brought to a standstill as crowds fill the streets to catch a glimpse of Prince George as he receives the Loyal Address from the Mayor.

In 1934 part of Walsoken parish, Norfolk was merged with Wisbech bringing with it the schools, shops and public houses but leaving the church and much of the rural part in Norfolk. The suburb of New Walsoken is now largely built up. A boundary marker in Wisbech Park was erected to record the event. [13] The port of Wisbech now houses a large number of berths for yachts adjacent to the Boathouse development.

On 27 June 1970, the heaviest point rainfall was recorded in Wisbech, when 2 inches (50.8 mm) fell in just 12 minutes during the Rose Fair.[1]

On 21 September 1979, two Harrier jump jets on a training exercise collided over Wisbech; one landed in a field and the other in a residential area. Two houses and a bungalow were demolished on Ramnoth Road, causing the death of Bob Bowers, his two-year-old son Jonathan Bowers, and former town mayor Bill Trumpess.[14]

The 5-mile (8-km), £6 million A47 Wisbech/West Walton bypass opened in spring 1982.

Contemporary[]

In April 2011 the Princess Royal visited Wisbech and opened the new education centre and library at Octavia Hill's Birthplace House. [15]

In 2011, the Wisbech magistrates court closed.[16]

On 19 January 2012, BBC Look East reported growing tensions in the town, where one-third of the population were said to be East European immigrants.[17]

In 2015 in his first week with the East Anglian Air Ambulance, Prince William came to Wisbech.[18]

The town's traditional market days are Thursday and Saturday, but the town council now runs markets seven days a week. The Sunday market runs alongside a car-boot sale.

The Town is well known for horticulture, the Rose Fair and other flower festivals. In 2018 the town won the business improvement district (BID) category gold award at the Royal Horticultural Society's (RHS) annual Britain in Bloom awards ceremony. [19]

Price Charles and the duchess of Cornwall visited Wisbech in November 2018 [20]

Governance[]

Wisbech held a number of charters. King Edward VI charter raised the town to a corporation. 10 men were to be elected burgesses. The Charter was renewed by King James. In 1835 the Municipal Bill caused the old charters governing Wisbech to be swept away and Wisbech became a corporate Borough with a mayor, aldermen and councillors replacing the Town bailiff and Capital Burgesses. The town was divided into two wards:- North and South.[21]

The Wisbech town council elect a town mayor. The town council of 18 councillors is elected every four years. The town has seven wards:- Clarkson, Kirton, Medworth, Octavia Hill, Peckover, Staithe & Waterlees village. The town council are responsible for allotments and the market place. In 2018 they took a lease on Wisbech Castle.[22] The town also elects councillors to Fenland District Council and Cambridgeshire County Council. Wisbech is within the Cambridgeshire and Peterborough combined authority.[23] It is part of the Northeast Cambridgeshire parliamentary seat. In 1659 John Thurloe was elected to represent Wisbech. He was also elected for Cambridge Borough for whom he preferred to sit. Wisbech was not a polling station until after 1832.[24]

Coat of Arms[]

Official blazon

Arms : Azure representations of St. Peter and St Paul standing within a double Canopy Or. Crest : On a Wreath of the Colours a sixteenth century Ship with three Masts Or on each mast a square Sail Azure the centre one charged with two Keys in saltire wards upwards and the other two charged with a Castle Gold.

Origin/meaning The arms were officially granted on November 11, 1929. The figures of St.Peter and St.Paul, to whom the parish church is dedicated, appeared on the old seal. The ship recalls the town's former note as a port and the crossed keys on the centre sail refer to St Peter. The castles refer to the ancient stronghold built it is said, by William I, and converted in the fifteenth century into a palace for the bishops of Ely.

Transport[]

Waterways[]

Wisbech sits on either side of the River Nene although in the past, prior to drainage schemes, it sat on the Well stream the confluence of the rivers Great Ouse and Nene.[25]

The port is Cambridgeshire's only gateway to the sea. Wisbech Borough was the port authority but this passed to Fenland Distruct Council when local government was reorganised in the 1970s. The port still uses the WI code which is used by those boats registered to the port. [26]

In 1631 Sir Cornelius Vermuyden built the Horseshoe Sluice at Wisbech at a cost of £8,000.[27]

In 1680 the trade of Wisbech had increased sufficiently for the port to be reckoned independent and no longer a member of King's Lynn.[28]

In 1720 the corporation was licensed to buoy the channel for the first time and 1751 it was possible in a dry year to walk across the river bed under Wisbech Bridge. Ship building was carried out in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. In 1797 the Wisbech Canal opened connecting the river Nene at Wisbech with the inland drains. A custom house was built in 1801.[29]

As well as freight the river was used to convey inland passengers, in 1805 the poet John Clare travelled from Peterborough by Dutch canal boat to travel the 21 miles to Wisbech to visit his uncle Morris Simpson.[30]

The greatest shipowner was Richard Young (1809-1871), who had at various times 43 boats operating from the port.[31] The port of Wisbech could accommodate sailing ships of 400 tons, but its prosperity declined after 1852 when extensive river works impeded navigation.[32]

In 1859 'The Battle of the Dams,' took place when some of the citizens of Wisbech destroyed dams at Waldersea and Guyhirn and burned the remnants on the two market places. [33]

In 1883 the Wisbech and Upwell tramway opened.

The Wisbech Canal cut to allow narrow boats to connect with the river, no longer does so as parts have been filled in.[12] Narrow boats continue to access inland waterways via the river Nene.[34]

In 1931 A concrete bridge was built to replace the previous town bridge.[35]

In 1971 an additional bridge was erected over the river. Plans to build additional homes and a new school on the west of the town will increase traffic on the existing bridges, and there is a long-term plan to add a third bridge.[36]

The yacht harbour on the river provides 128 berths on the marina, and the nearby Crab Marshboat yard operates a 75-tonne boat lift.

In 2000, a ship grounding further down river stopped river traffic.[37]

Roads[]

The various road bridges at Wisbech allowed travellers between Lincolnshire and Norfolk to cross the river without using ferries or risking the incoming tides.

In 1831 the construction of a lifting bridge at Sutton Bridge finally provided a means to travel directly between Norfolk and Lincolnshire.[38]

The town stood at the crossing of two Class A roads: from Peterborough to King's Lynn (A47) and from Ely to Long Sutton (A1101). The A1101 now crosses the river at the newer 'Freedom bridge' taking some traffic away from the older 'Town Bridge'. The A47 now bypasses the town. The old part of the A47 inside the town (Lynn Rd and Cromwell Rd) is now the B198.

Railways[]

Wisbech once had three passenger railway lines, but they all closed between 1959 and 1968:

There were also harbour quay lines either side of the River Nene – M&GN Harbour West branch and GER Harbour East branch.[39] The freight line remained in operation until 2000. [40] There is an active campaign to reopen the March–Wisbech line as part of the national rail network, with direct services to Cambridge and possibly Peterborough. A report published in 2009 by the Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC) indicated that this was viable.[41] It is supported by Wisbech Town Council and subject to reports commissioned by the county council in 2013.[42] The line is currently at GRIP 3 study stage.[43]

Buses and coaches[]

In 1796 Wisbech had a daily mail coach service to London leaving at 4 pm and returning at 10 am and a stagecoach service three times weekly. Another service ran three times weekly from Lynn through Wisbech to Spalding and Boston.[44]

Wisbech is located on the excel bus route between Peterborough and Norwich, operated by First Eastern Counties. The town is also served by buses operated by Stagecoach East and Lynx, the latter including the 46 and X46 services between King's Lynn and Three Holes.

Demography[]

Parish population 1981
1991
2001
2011
2016
Wisbech 22,932 24,981 26,536 31,573 33,933

[citation needed]

As of 2016 the population of Wisbech was 33,933, of whom 16,800 were male and 17,133 female. 6,748 were aged under 18 and 7,156 over 65. [45]

In 2014 it was reported by a popular national newspaper that of the town's 28,000 population 5,000 (about 18%) were Lithuanians.[46] Several official places (libraries, surgeries, local council) provide translations into Lithuanian, as well as Polish, Latvian, Russian and Portuguese.[47]

Economy[]

The riverside location and fertile soils surrounding Wisbech allowed the town to flourish.

The first half of the 19th century was a very prosperous time for the town and in 1851 the population was 9,594. It decreased to 9,276 in 1861 and 9,395 in 1891. The 1931 census was 12,006 and the National Registration of 1939 showed 17,599.[48]

The Wisbech Produce Canners (formed in 1925) on Lynn Rd, was the first in England to produce frozen asparagus, peas and strawberries. It was renamed Smedley's Ltd in 1947 and later taken over by Hillsdown Foods and is presently owned by Princes. The site was once served by a rail line whose track came across the town between the park and Townsend Rd.[49]

The Metal Box company established their largest manufacturing unit at Weasenham Lane in 1953. The site provides processed food cans for fruit,vegetables, soups, milk and pet foods. The workforce grew to over 1,000 before reducing as a result of automation and redundancies. Steel was brought from Welsh steelworks and also overseas. The site had its own rail yard before the Wisbech to March line closed. English Brothers Ltd another long established company Wisbech are another importer - of timber brought in at Wisbech port. [50]

In 2010 Dutch based Partner Logistics opened a £12M frozen food warehouse on Boleness Rd employing over 50 staff. The 77,000 pallet, fully automated 'freezer' centre had contracts with Lamb Weston, Bird's Eye and Pinguin Foods.

In recent decades the closure of the Clarkson Geriatric hospital (1983), Bowthorpe maternity hospital (c1983), Balding & Mansell (printers) (c1992), Budgens store[51](formerly Coop) (2017) and horticultural college (2012),[52] Bridge Street post office (2014) as well as gradual reductions in workforce by CMB indicate a decline in the economy. Small family businesses such as Bodgers (2013),[53] Franks butchers(2015)[54] and local bakeries have given way to the supermarkets.

The larger employers in Wisbech include Nestle Purina petcare, Cromwell rd[55] and Princes, Lynn Rd.[56]

May 2017 the new Cambridgeshire and Peterborough combined authority announces new investment into the area.[23]

In 2016 the Wisbech High Street project was awarded a £1.9M grant to bring back into use empty properties on the High Street. The Heritage Lottery Fund grant will run until 2021.[57]

April 2018 plans for £8M redevelopment of the hospital are announced.[58]

Plans for an additional 1,500 homes were announced in the press in May 2018.[59]

It was announced by local M.P. Steve Barclay that Fenland schools would receive £250,000 towards recruiting more teachers.[60]

Tourism[]

National Trust property Peckover House and gardens attracts tourists and locals. The Wisbech and Fenland museum draws in visitors to see the Charles Dickens manuscript, Thomas Clarkson memorabilia or other exhibits. The Octavia Hill Birthplace House also attracts those interested in the National Trust, army cadet force or social housing. An annual Rose Fair, music festival and the theatre and cinemas also attract audiences from outside the town. Wisbech port and marina attracts boating enthusiasts. The Castle which has now opened to the public after being unavailable for a number of years is starting to attract visitors to its program of events and activities.[61]

Religious sites[]

The Anglican Parish Church of St Peter and St Paul in parts dates back to the 12th century. The tower contains the 3rd oldest full peal of 10 bells in the world, cast by William Dobson in 1821 and are still in use.[62]

The Octagon church was erected in 1827 as a chapel of ease, the lantern became unsafe owing to defective foundations and in 1846 was replaced with a battlement but demolished later. The site became a bank and is currently a vet’s.[63]

The Anglican St Augustine’s church on Lynn Rd was erected in 1868-9 and consecrated on 11 May 1869. An associated school building is now the Robert Hall scouting hall. In1997 a new parish centre was created when the church was linked to its nearby hall.[64]

Our Lady & Saint Charles Borromeo Church has been the church of Roman Catholics since 1854.

The Ely Place Baptist church was opened on 23, March 1873 on the site of a previous chapel. It Was pulled down in the 1970s and replaced by the new library which opened in 1975.[65]

Baptist, Hill St, Society of Friends, North Brink, United Reformed, Castle Square, King’s Church, Queens Rd, Jehovahs Witnesses, Tinkers Drove, Trinity Methodist, Church Terrace, Salvation Army, West St & Spiritualist, Alexander Rd.[66]

Various denominations met at other locations many of which have been demolished or used for other purposes.[67]

Education[]

A colour photograph of an unusual Victorian house with a small spire on the top. To the left is a set of old fashioned schoolrooms with large sash windows. In front of the house is a small lawn, covered in snow.
Wisbech Grammar School on North Brink.

Wisbech's two secondary schools (11–18) are the state-funded Thomas Clarkson Academy (previously the Thomas Clarkson Community college and formerly the Queen's School, which itself was the amalgamation of the Queen's Girls' and Queen's Boys' schools), and the independent Wisbech Grammar School, which was founded in 1379, making it one of the oldest schools in the United Kingdom. Magdalene House is the Preparatory school of Wisbech Grammar School.

Primary schools in Wisbech include; Clarkson Infants School, St Peters CofE Aides Junior School, Orchards CofE Primary school, Peckover Primary School, The Nene Infant School, Ramnoth Junior School and Elm Road Primary School. There are also specialist schools, Meadowgate School, Wisbech School, The County School & Trinity School. There is also a further education centre: the College of West Anglia formerly the Isle of Ely College.[68]

Plans for a new £23M 600 pupil school to open in 2020 were announced in the Wisbech Standard.[69]

Sport[]

The local non league football team is Wisbech Town Football Club, nicknamed The Fenmen.[70]

Notable buildings and monuments[]

The mill minus the sails is now used as a residence. None of the other dozen or so mills survive.[72]

The Thomas Clarkson Memorial in Wisbech 2013
The Octagon Chapel in Wisbech Old Market, demolished in 1952

Notable people[]

In order of birth:

Film and television[]

The North Brink by the River Nene in Wisbech
The Brinks, depicted in 1851

A 1924 film recorded a day at the North Cambs hospital in the East Anglian Film Archive (EAFA).[86]

1926 street scenes filmed to be shown at the local Electric Theatre. EAFA.[87]

North Cambs hospital in the 1930s. EAFA.[88]

‘Approaching Wisbech’ an amateur film of a simulated road traffic accident made in the late 1930s. EAFA.[89]

1932 The 'Capital of the Fens' is brought to a standstill as crowds fill the streets to catch a glimpse of Prince George as he receives the Loyal Address from the Mayor. [90]

1961 The Wisbech to Upwell Tramway. EAFA.[91]

In 1963 Anglia TV recorded a film report on Wisbech Castle. This is also available to download on the East Anglian Film Archive.[92]

'The Flood' a 1963 drama filmed using boats from Wisbech.[93]

1975 Anglia TV report about the first purpose-built traveller site in GB. EAFA.[94]

'A Passage to Wisbech'(1986) a BBC documentary on the coaster ships which work around the shores of Britain, followed the voyages of the Carrick, a 30 year old ship owned and skippered by Rick Waters. [95]

Wisbech is noted for its unspoilt Georgian architecture, particularly along North Brink and The Crescent. It has been used in BBC One's 1999 adaptation of Charles Dickens' David Copperfield and ITV1's 2001 adaptation of Micawber, starring David Jason.

In 2000 BBC One's The Antiques Roadshow was hosted and recorded at the Hudson Leisure centre.[96]

A "Wisbech Rock Festival" appears in the 1998 British comedy film Still Crazystarring Stephen Rea, Jimmy Nail, Billy Connolly and Timothy Spall, Bill Nighy, Juliet Aubrey, Helena Bergstrom and Bruce Robinson.

The 2008 feature film Dean Spanley starring Peter O'Toole was largely filmed in Wisbech.

In February 2010 the effect of immigration on the town was featured in the BBC documentary "The Day the Immigrants Left", presented by Evan Davis. The programme looked at jobs in the town reported to have been "taken over by migrants". In the programme, several local unemployed persons were given the chance to try such jobs.[97][98][99]

2009 Channel 5’s reality TV series ‘The Hotel Inspector’ starring Alex Polizzi featured The Rose and Crown hotel.[100]

2018 'Celebrating Nestle Communities - Wisbech' was released in September 2018. This is one of a series of films showcasing communities around the UK and Ireland that Nestle operate in.[101]

In December 2018 the American TV Channel "The Late Late Show" with British star James Cordon featured a giant inflatable Santa blocking Cromwell Road. This Father Christmas had broken free from its fixings in a garden and it took several hours to catch.[102]

Other media[]

Isaac Casaubon recorded in his diary his visit to Wisbech on 17 August 1611. He accompanied Lancelot Andrews, bishop of Ely from the episcopal palace at Downham.[103]

Samuel Pepys recorded in his diary his trip to Parson Drove on Thursday 17 September 1663 in order to accompany his uncle and cousin to go to Wisbech in connection with his uncle Day's estate. At Wisbech on Friday 18 September he visited the church and library. [104]

In 1778/1779 Italian author and poet Giuseppe Marc'Antonio Baretti (aka Joseph Baretti) (1718-1789),took up residence with a family living at the castle for about a fortnight. Afterward he published a series of letters "Lettere Familiari de Giuseppe Baretti" in which a description of his Wisbech visit is featured. He attended horse races, the theatre, public balls, public suppers and assemblies.[105]


Wisbech and its river port are mentioned by Hilaire Belloc (1870-1953), M.P. who dined at the Whyte Harte hotel, North Brink.[106]

Wisbech was one of eight towns featured in ‘Old Towns Revisited’ published by Country Life Ltd in 1952.[107]

There are two free newspapers distributed within the town, the Wisbech Standard (owned by Archant) and the Fenland Citizen(owned by Iliffe Media).

Two free local magazines are published monthly - ‘The fens’ and ‘Discovering Wisbech’.[108]

According to a study looking into immigration patterns, Wisbech was once identified as the seventh "most English" town in Britain by Sky News However, on 16 February 2008 a report in the Daily Express titled "Death Of A Country Idyll" wrote about how the influx of Eastern European immigrants may have caused the increase of crime and other illegal activities. Then on 20 February 2008 The Fenland Citizen contained an article opposing the Daily Express article.[109]

In 2011 Wisbech featured in The Guardian 'Let's Move to... column. Tom Dyckhoff highlighted the Georgian streets, cinemas, local community groups and the poor rail links in the Saturday ion 14 May, 2011.


In January 2012 the Daily Mail ran a story following the murder of Alisa Dmitrijeva, a Latvian teenager and resident of Wisbech, whose body was found on the Queen's Sandringham estate. [110]

In June 2018 Country Life magazine ran a feature on Wisbech. Market towns - Wisbech. [111]

In November 2018 Wisbech featured in an article in the Daily Telegraph by Jack Rear entitled "The spirited English town with some of Britains' best forgotten history" [112]

Climate[]

Like the rest of the United Kingdom, Wisbech experiences an oceanic climate, but Cambridgeshire is one of the driest counties in the British Isles along with Essex. February is the driest month, whilst October is the wettest. In temperature terms, both January and December are the coldest months, whilst August is the warmest.

Climate data for Wisbech
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7
(45)
8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
16
(61)
19
(66)
21
(70)
22
(72)
19
(66)
15
(59)
10
(50)
7
(45)
14
(57)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
5
(41)
7
(45)
9
(48)
12
(54)
14.5
(58.1)
16.5
(61.7)
17
(63)
14.5
(58.1)
11
(52)
7
(45)
4.5
(40.1)
10.2
(50.5)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
2
(36)
3
(37)
5
(41)
8
(46)
10
(50)
12
(54)
12
(54)
10
(50)
7
(45)
4
(39)
2
(36)
6
(44)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 4.5
(1.8)
3
(1.2)
3.3
(1.3)
4
(1.6)
4.6
(1.8)
4.4
(1.7)
4.8
(1.9)
5.2
(2.0)
5.3
(2.1)
5.6
(2.2)
5
(2.0)
4.4
(1.7)
54.1
(21.3)
Average precipitation days 18 15 15 14 13 12 12 12 13 16 17 17 174
Source: World Weather Online[113]

Twin town[]

See also[]

Further reading[]

References[]

  1. ^ A.D.Mills. Dictionary of English Place-names. 1998. ISBN 0-19-280074-4.
  2. ^ ed JJ Wilkes and CR Elrington (1978). A history of Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely vol VII. OUP.
  3. ^ Bridget Holmes (2010). Cemeteries, Graveyards And Memorials. The Wisbech Society and Preservation Trust Ltd.
  4. ^ J. Bentham, Hist. Ely, 87.
  5. ^ [Wisbech: Manors', A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely: Volume 4: City of Ely; Ely, N. and S. Witchford and Wisbech Hundreds (2002), pp. 243–245.]
  6. ^ *Shirley Carter (2018). The mystery of King John’s treasure.
  7. ^ Lysons, Samuel (18 August 2018). "Magna Britannia;: Being a Concise Topographical Account of the Several Counties of Great Britain". T. Cadell and W. Davies. Retrieved 18 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ Salzman, LF (1967). The Victoria History of the count is of England: Cambridge and the isle of Ely vol II. Dawson's of Pall Mall.
  9. ^ "The Wisbech Society & Preservation Trust, The Castle". Wisbech-society.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  10. ^ *Mike Osborne (2013). Defending Cambridgeshire.
  11. ^ F.J. Gardiner (1898). History of Wisbech and Neighborhood.
  12. ^ a b King, Elaine. "Photos of Wisbech in the 1960s-70s and a history of Wisbech Canal to go on show". Cambstimes.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  13. ^ www.british-history.ac.uk https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/cambs/vol4/pp266-268. Retrieved 13 January 2019. Text "Wisbech Schools" ignored (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "1979: Harrier crash kills three". News.bbc.co.uk. 21 September 1979. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  15. ^ "Princess Royal visited Wisbech". Wisbech standard.co.uk. Retrieved 11 January, 2019. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  16. ^ "Closure of Fenland Magistrates' Court in Wisbech announced by the government today". Cambstimes.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  17. ^ "Migrants singled out by attackers". Bbc.co.uk. 18 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  18. ^ "Prince in four air rescue missions". Bbc.co.uk. 19 July 2015. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  19. ^ anonymous (2019). Wisbech Official Guide and Map. Wisbech town council.
  20. ^ "Royal Visit". wisbechstandard.co.uk. November 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  21. ^ N Walker & T Craddock. The History of Wisbech and the Fens. Richard Walker.
  22. ^ Elworthy, John. "Acquiring Wisbech Castle to put up town's local council tax by over 30 per cent - but do they have the skills to run the castle?". Wisbechstandard.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  23. ^ a b "Cambridgeshire and Peterborough set for new mayor". Gov.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  24. ^ RB Pugh (1953). A history of Cambridge and isle of Ely vol IV.
  25. ^ Rodney Tibbs (1969). Fenland River: The Story of the Great Ouse and its Tributaries. Terence Dalton Ltd.
  26. ^ "Yacht Harbour and Wisbech Port". Fenland.gov.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  27. ^ "Heritage Gateway - Results". Heritagegateway.org.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
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