Wikipedia:Help desk

Wikipedia Help Desk
  • This page is only for questions about how to use or Wikipedia. For other types of questions, use the search box or the Reference desk.
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  • We are all volunteers, so sometimes replies can take some time. Please be patient. Check back on this page to see if your question has been answered.

  • New users: While this is a good place to ask questions, new users may prefer to ask for help at the Teahouse, an area specifically for new users to get help with ing, article creation, and general Wikipedia use, in a friendly environment.
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November 12[]


Is there a way to search for an exact phrase in past versions of Wikipedia? Benjamin (talk) 08:45, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

@Benjaminikuta: Not in general. Wikipedia:WikiBlame can search a single page history for the revision where a string was added. PrimeHunter (talk) 11:12, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

Approval of a Draft[]

Hello Team,

I have an article which I wrote, here is the link

Please, when does it go live and become a live article from the draft.

Thank you — Preceding unsigned comment added by Adebowale.J (talkcontribs) 09:21, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

Adebowale.J You will need to submit it for review, however, if you were to do so now, it would most likely be rejected, as the sources given are not appropriate. They are not independent reliable sources. One is a piece written by the subject, and the others seem to be press releases, which do not establish notability per guidelines(please review). Wikipedia is looking for what independent reliable sources state about article subjects with significant coverage, not what the subject says about themselves.
I would ask you if you are associated with Mr. Ozor in some way. 331dot (talk) 09:34, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

Two accounts, one email[]

I seem to have two accounts, as a created a new one after being away for a long time. But, the email is the same.
User:Gsoler User:Geirsole
What should I do about it? Gsoler (talk) 09:51, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

The simplest thing to do is simply to stop ing with one of the two accounts and stick with the other. You might want to drop a note on the userpages acknowledging the link between the two accounts.
What you should not do is use both accounts to participate in the same discussions, or otherwise use them to mislead other ors into thinking you are two persons. TigraanClick here to contact me 09:59, 12 November 2018 (UTC)
Ok, thanks. I just didn't realize I was using 2 accounts on same discussion. My apologies Geirsole (talk) 11:40, 12 November 2018 (UTC)
@Gsoler and Geirsole: I don't think that Tigraan was implying that you were; more to indicate that it is something you should avoid. You can find more info. about alternative accounts at WP:ALTACCN. Cheers. Eagleash (talk) 11:50, 12 November 2018 (UTC)
Thanks! I've now marked one acount as inactive, with link to the other. Thanks for your help! Gsoler (talk) 08:21, 13 November 2018 (UTC)


You will be able to deduce from your records that I have only ever posted one entry, almost 10 Years ago. This means I do not have the knowledge or dexterity that comes with regular use to delete this entry, which I would now like to do. I see from the posts I have received today that my attempts last night have been 'reverted' and the article has reappeared ! To be absolutely clear - I want both the body of text and subject header removing from Wikipedia. It appears that specific reasons have to be provided to justify and substantiate such requests - which follow: 'The article is no longer relevant, moreover it has been ed numerous times and the content perverted, without my knowledge, agreement or permission'. If Wikipedia are able to satisfy this request without my involvement then you have my approval herewith. I sincerely hope so as the reversions were undertake with extreme rapidity. If this request cannot be fulfilled on my behalf then please provide me with clear and simple, unambiguous steps for me to undertake. — Preceding unsigned comment added by DWLambo (talkcontribs) 12:53, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

DWLambo, you cannot delete an article, that is an admin action, you were only blanking it. You cannot own an article, even if you are the main or or if it's about you. You need to make a case why this article should be deleted for reasons other than that you wish it to be Jimfbleak - talk to me? 13:11, 12 November 2018 (UTC)
DWLambo, I've reverted the obvious vandalism, and since the references are dead, I've proposed it for deletion as an unsourced biography. Let's see what happens Jimfbleak - talk to me? 13:18, 12 November 2018 (UTC)
I've found him as ranking #10 in the 2010 Commonwealth Games. Athletics is so not my bailiwick; but does "participant in the Commonwealth Games" qualify one as notable in this area? --Orange Mike | Talk 13:40, 12 November 2018 (UTC)
Orange Mike, the notability guidelines say top 8 in Commonwealth Games, so he arguably falls just outside. I'm not sure, having said that, that an AFD would chuck this Jimfbleak - talk to me? 15:09, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

Linda Cable messed up with Amit Offir Help for Sandbox renamed page[]

Hi ! I would like some help for my sandbox, I published my last draft to mainstram: Heralune/Sandbox/Amit Offir to Amit Offir but on my sandbox I still have a redirection. Now would like to create another new draft for a page:Linda Cable, but it's messing up immediately with the old draft. Who can explain me ? thanks for help. Heralune (talk) 16:00, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

You moved the sandbox, but I have moved it back again, & another user has cleared the redirect. You can start again with the new content. As an alternative you could create a new userspace draft at User:Heralune/Linda Cable. --David Biddulph (talk) 16:15, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

Air Force Cross (United Kingdom)........See also: Category:Recipients of the Air Force Cross (United Kingdom)[]

Dear Sir or Madam,

I have found you have omitted from the following list my late father Leopold Penczek (AFC)(Virtuti Militari), born Leopold Marcin Pęczek on the 11.11.1914 in Barwałd Górny, Kalwaria-Zebrzydowska, Polska (Poland).

See also: Category:Recipients of the Air Force Cross (United Kingdom)

The “London Gazette” dated Friday 2 March 1956 entry for this awards is as follows:-

“Air Ministry, 6th March 1956.

The QUEEN has been graciously pleased to approve the following award in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty.


Master Pilot Leopold PENCZEK (780123), Royal Air Force, No. 242 Operational Conversion Unit. On 24th November 1955, while flying a Valetta aircraft as staff captain on a cross country flight, Master Pilot Penczek suddenly found that the elevator controls had seized and that there was no for and aft control. However, he found that by varying the power settings he was able to control the pitch altitude of the aircraft. He made a Pan call and was “homed” to Marham where, after ordering his crew to crash positions, he made a flapless approach. This required great skill and very considerable courage, since he was quite unaware of the cause of the failure of the elevator control and he had no means of knowing whether or not it was due to some form of structural failure which might well be aggravated by the additional stresses involved in landing. Nevertheless, he landed the aircraft safely and without damage. Throughout the whole of this emergency, Master Pilot Penczek displayed the highest qualities of courage, coolness and leadership. There is no doubt that his fine airmanship, for which he has previously received the Commendation of the Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, was once again responsible for saving a valuable aircraft and, possibly, the lives of its crew.”

I hope this omission can be put right......... Yours faithfully Julian M Penczek (His son) — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 17:34, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

Category:Recipients of the Air Force Cross (United Kingdom) is a category for listing relevant Wikipedia articles. If your father does not have a Wikipedia article, then the category will not show his name. While your late father obviously merited congratulations on the award of the AFC, it doesn't of itself satisfy the requirements of notability to permit the inclusion of a Wikipedia article. The relevant notability guideline says (inter alia): "Were awarded their nation's highest award for valour,[1] or were awarded their nation's second-highest award for valour (such as the Navy Cross) multiple times", hence he would have needed a VC, rather than an AFC, to merit automatic inclusion in Wikipedia. He would, of course, merit an article if it were shown that he met the General notability guideline. --David Biddulph (talk) 17:53, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

Help:Cite errors/Cite error references no text[]

Hi, I've just used WP:ReFill on the Kate Tempest article and it's brought up a "Cite error: The named reference auto was invoked but never defined (see the help page)." error,
I don't suppose someone could kindly fix this as I have no idea what's causing the issue,
Many thanks, –Davey2010Talk 18:00, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

My advice it to stop using that piece of crap. reFill produces much too much junk that requires manual fixing. It has been my experience that there are too may ors who operate that 'tool' who leave the fixing to others, so thank you for being conscientious. The tool's author, Zhaofeng Li has not ed here since December 2017 and the most recent update to the reFill code was made in April 2017. Stop using it.
Trappist the monk (talk) 18:15, 12 November 2018 (UTC)
Trappist the monk - Thanks for your help!, I have self reverted to save the "ReFill is shit" and "If you don't understand it don't use it!!" replies. –Davey2010Talk 18:26, 12 November 2018 (UTC)
Your problem is that your definition of the relevant named references is within a section that has been commented out (at the start of the "Reception" section of the article). Much, if not all, of the relevant text is duplicated later in the part which isn't commented out. --David Biddulph (talk) 18:23, 12 November 2018 (UTC)
Hi David, Ohhh right, Well as I've said above I've self reverted now, Someone else can fix it all for I care. Thanks for your reply anyway, –Davey2010Talk 18:30, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

IP s[]

Hi, hopefully a quick question. For an unregistered user to create a Wikipedia article, they need to be autoconfirmed, which means they need 10 unreverted s. Is this correct? Thank you, Tom — Preceding unsigned comment added by Tomthirteen (talkcontribs) 19:21, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

@Tomthirteen: Unregistered users cannot become autoconfirmed. Only registered users may become autoconfirmed. The usual requirement is an account that is at least 4 days old and 10 s, but it can be longer in some cases. See WP:AUTOCONFIRM. RudolfRed (talk) 19:43, 12 November 2018 (UTC)
@Tomthirteen: And for the other part of your question, deleted s count towards the count. RudolfRed (talk) 19:45, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

I'm confused. Can an unregistered user, IP , create a Wikipedia article? — Preceding unsigned comment added by Tomthirteen (talkcontribs) 19:54, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

@Tomthirteen: Unregistered users (also known as IP ors) can articles. They cannot directly create them. "IP " is not an action. Editing is an action that can be performed by unregistered users (IP ors) or registered users (ors with accounts).
You are a registered user. Becoming autoconfirmed is a matter of being here at least 4 days and having at least 10 s (whether they are reverted or not, although someone whose first ten s are reverted within 4 days probably needs to slow down). Ian.thomson (talk) 20:01, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

Thanks! That's what I needed to know. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Tomthirteen (talkcontribs) 20:02, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

November 13[]

November 13[]

Can you help me with the baseball player I put Ronald Acuna Jr. can you fix it for me please. (talk) 00:38, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

Notable Polio Survivor and Artist[]

I'm not a user of Wikipedia at all really, and I've been asked several times why my father (deceased) doesn't have a Wikipedia page. My dad was one of the longest living full quadriplegic polio survivors in the United States and a disability rights champion, having received a presidential honor for helping to draft the original North Carolina American's with Disability Act, as well as assisting in the creation of the original nationwide Americans with Disability Act. He was also a watercolorist by profession and pretty famous across the southeastern US. His paintings were also selected as showcase works by The American Watercolor Society and those paintings were travelled nationally alongside works of Andrew Wyeth among others.

In any case, how does one suggest to Wikipedia that an article on my father is appropriate. I realize from reading just a bit on the rules, that my being his daughter would prevent me from posting a page on him.

I'm attaching a file that includes a short news article that was done when he passed away, a cell phone shots some of his paintings I own. (And I have MANY) There are almost a 1K of them floating around the U.S. and a great deal of them in public buildings here in Charlotte where he was well known for being the driving force to make all public buildings accessible to those in wheelchairs.

Anyways, somebody asked me where his page was and so I'm asking ya'll how that really happens.

Kindest regards,

Jennifer Love

PS: I was never able to upload the local news articles about him that I had aggregated to a word doc and I also tried .pdf, so I'm just uploading one of his watercolor paintings. I have ZERO clue what I'm doing on this site. Ugh.

Gene Love Watercolor Example.jpg


Hi, Jennifer. We are all volunteers, and writing an article is hard work. If your father is notable by our definition, then he deserves an article. Our definition is at WP:NOTABLE. As you see there, the definition depends on what we define as reliable sources (WP:RS) that also meet several additional requirements to support the claim of notability. Since you are new to this, I reccommend you start by creating a user account, and then put link to your sources there. Then, come back here and we can make a quick assessment of notability for you and suggest how you can proceed You should probably not proceed until we do this, or you may end up doing a lot of work for nothing. Basically, your choices will be to learn how to do build the article yourself (see WP:AFC), or provide enough information and then try to attract an interested volunteer for a requested article (WP:RA). Please don't get discouraged. Wikipedia development is a loosely structured anarchy. More than 100,000 different ors have ed in the last 30 days, and nobody assigns tasks to anybody: we just do whatever we want to. -Arch dude (talk) 01:28, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

Factual error[]

Lewis Rutherfurd, born 1944 married Katharine duPont Sanger in 89, not 88 I was there. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 2601:188:180:12D6:D9DF:1DE6:9B75:EA60 (talk) 03:18, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

The article Lewis Polk Rutherfurd mentions the year 1989 only (and not 1988), based on a New York Times reference. Thanks, Lourdes 05:56, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

Question about image[]

Hi all--I'm wondering if someone can help me. Here is a link to an article from 1905 via JSTOR. How would I go about taking one of the images out of that article to use in a Wikipedia article? I need both practical help with taking something out of a PDF (I did it years ago but I forgot), and how to license it--since I think we can use it, right? Asking for a friend. Drmies (talk) 03:29, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

@Drmies: An image published in the US prior to 1923 can be licensed under {{PD-1923}} both here and on Commons. As for extracting the image, if you have adobe reader and can download the PDF you should be able to right click on the image and save it. Or most computer have a clipping program that you can use to screenshot part of your computer screen (on Windows it is called Snipping Tool). --Majora (talk) 03:34, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

Balarama Holness[]


Can you please change the title to Balarama Holness (my birth and legal name)

Wikipedia has Balarama Holness as Steven Holness at title which is not accurate. When I google my name, Balarama Holness, Steven Holness pops up as the main name.

Also I ran for Mayor of Montreal Nord, yes I would have been on city council but it is best to indicate that I ran for mayor of Montreal-Nord

I also launched a petition to force the city of Montreal to hold a public consultation on systemic racism. Please see google to confirm the latter. This is a major event in the history of montreal.

Now that I am a public figure, I would be great to have an accurate wikipedia page. -- Represented by my legal name and birth name Balarama Holness at the top, as the title so it does not cause confusion about who I am.

Also I want to be accurately portrayed.

If wikipedia does not want to Change my page to reflect Balarama Holness as the title, please take down my page.

Thank you — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 03:45, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

source for Haley Gibby[]

Hello I have visual impairment and cannot enter the captchas when I go to insert a source for Gibby's birth place of Manchester, UK. I would like to site my source so that I don't constantly get reverted due to no sources, and I am not willing to get blocked for warring. article: Haley Gibby Issue: Wikipedia's captcha does not have an audio option. Attempted action: citation of a source stating Gibby's birth place and real name. thanks. (talk) 06:25, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

Hello, IP user. I'm sorry you're having difficulty. If you go to Special:Captcha, it says "Unfortunately, this may inconvenience users with limited vision or using text-based or speech-based browsers. At the moment we do not have an audio alternative available". It also suggests contacting the Help Desk for if you're trying to add information, and I see you've done that. I see you've also posted at the article's talk page, and that is usually the best place to make a suggestion.
Unfortunately is not regarded as a reliable source (see WP:NOTRSMUSIC) so you should not cite it as a reference anyway. Unless you can find a reliable source, the information should not be included. I would say that for something like a birthplace, a non-independent source would be acceptable (such as the artist's own website, if they had one); but it still must be reliable, not user-generated. I don't find anything suitable on a quick look, but you might ask at WikiProject Musicians. --ColinFine (talk) 16:40, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

thanks. It just angers me that Wikipedia still uses the old captchas, and that it hasn't upgraded to either an "i'm not a robot" checkbox or else one of the recaptchas that has the audio captcha option. It's basically 2010's captchas all over again, and as somebody who wishes to contribute to Wikipedia, this is a discouraging factor. Help with captchas is not always reliable given that I don't stay in one location of the world for more than three or four months due to my job, and I don't like getting my helper Harriet involved because though she's almost 10 years younger than myself, she's scared of me ing Wikipedia, even though I avoid articles related to my group's work. thanks. (talk) 18:38, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

If you create an account then you can avoid captchas when the account is four days old and has made ten s. PrimeHunter (talk) 22:24, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

Infobox help[]

Hi! In Arnold's Bar and Grill the restaurant name is within the infobox, while in Cincinnati chili it's outside, which gives the appearance of less of an even border (more on sides than top) around the photo within the infobox. I can't see any difference in the source. Can someone help me figure out what I did wrong? Thanks! valereee (talk) 11:11, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

The former uses "Infobox restaurant", while the latter uses "Infobox prepared food". That accounts for the difference. Why those two templates handle the name differently, I can't explain. Maproom (talk) 11:17, 13 November 2018 (UTC)
Thanks! valereee (talk) 12:40, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

Google Books url breaks efn??[]

Can someone pls take a look at this?— Preceding unsigned comment added by Humanengr (talkcontribs) 13 November 2018 (UTC)

@Trappist the monk: I see you fixed the problem - what caused it? (Asking for my own education, because I couldn't see what it was...) --Gronk Oz (talk) 14:03, 13 November 2018 (UTC)
@Gronk Oz: I believe that the problem was the fact that the URL contained equal signs, and the MediaWiki software interpreted those as template coding, thus messing up the template; this problem occurs a lot for me. To fix this, you can change {{efn|[Text with =]}} to {{efn|1=[Text with =]}}, as Trappist the monk did.--SkyGazer 512 Oh no, what did I do this time? 14:06, 13 November 2018 (UTC)
that^. everything after the pipe ('|') character that precedes the first equal sign is treated as a parameter name: | {{efn}} does not support a parameter with that name so emits nothing.
Trappist the monk (talk) 14:11, 13 November 2018 (UTC)
Smile.gif Thanks, SkyGazer 512 and Trappist the monk - I learned something! --Gronk Oz (talk) 23:40, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

Peer review link broken after article renamed[]

Talk:Shooting of Yoshihiro Hattori has a box saying "Shooting of Yoshihiro Hattori received a peer review by Wikipedia ors, which is now archived." Unfortunately the box link to the peer review page is now broken because the article has recently been renamed from "Death of..." to "Shooting of...". I'm not sure how to fix this. --Muzilon (talk) 13:16, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

Hello, Muzilon; I've fixed the problem now. This is a problem that occurs quite often; to fix it, add "|[old page title]" before the double brackets within the peer review template; if you're familiar with templates, you would know that this would be the first parameter. Specifically, you'd replace {{Old peer review|archive=1}} with {{Old peer review|archive=1|[Title of the page when the peer review was created]}}. What this does is changes the peer review link to Wikipedia:Peer review/[INPUTTHATYOUPUTIN]/archive1 instead of the default, which is Wikipedia review/[PAGENAME]/archive1. Cheers and let me know if you have any questions.--SkyGazer 512 Oh no, what did I do this time? 13:59, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

Help:Cite errors/Cite error included ref[]

I attended the Inquiry and was one of the town planners who gave evidence at the inquiry. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Moultontsr (talkcontribs) 13:52, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

Hello, Moultontsr. It would have helped if you had told us which article you are referring to, but I see it is Castle Bromwich Hall Gardens. Viewmont Viking has fixed the immediate problem (empty reference tags). However, the material you have introduced is unreferenced - personal knowledge is not acceptable as a source of information in Wikipedia, because there is no way for a reader to verify it.
Having said that, the whole article is almost unreferenced (there is a single citation, for one piece of information only), so I'm not about to revert your . I have tagged the article accordingly. If you were able to add any citations to reliably published sources for the information in the article, that would improve it hugely. --ColinFine (talk) 16:48, 13 November 2018 (UTC)


I recently had ed an article regarding to lead nitrate. I was successful in ing it but forgot to leave a valid reason for the same as that option was not seen by me. I therefore wish to provide the reason if you assist me with the link. Any of my actions were not purposeful and was only a mistake. Waiting for your assistance. Thank you. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 15:14, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

It looks like you were able to successfully repeate your and leave an summary. ~ ONUnicorn(Talk|Contribs)problem solving 15:32, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

Draft:IKMF International Krav Maga Federation[]

Hey there, that this draft that Alex4ff wanted to reffer about IKMF Organization have much issues: that is a lot of the article reads like an advertisement, there are multiple unsourced statements, and many of the references are simply about Krav Maga rather than the federation as a whole. - as per SkyGazer 512 statement. This AfC has been resubmitted and awaiting review. Please re-consider this review of AfC draft resubmission. (talk) 15:18, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

Editing toolbar missing[]

Above the ing window I used to have a helper toolbar for commonly used functions - bold, italic suppress wiki language, etc. It's now gone. Not sure when it went missing, but I've not made any changes to my preferences or any other settings. Any ideas? I've checked my preferences, but I'm hampered by the fact that I don't know what the toolbar may have been called. All the obvious ones are still ticked - Twinkle, charInsert and reftoolbar, but I don't think that's it. Chaheel Riens (talk) 19:12, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

The old toolbar has been removed. "Enable the ing toolbar" at Special:Preferences#mw-prefsection-ing makes another toolbar which has been default for years. This code in your common JavaScript creates a toolbar more like the old one:
Without the second command it omits the cite button and may load faster. See more at Wikipedia:Village pump (technical)#Support ends for the 2006 wikitext or. PrimeHunter (talk) 20:34, 13 November 2018 (UTC)
Top stuff - I've enabled both and will see which I get used to. Thanks. Chaheel Riens (talk) 20:57, 13 November 2018 (UTC)


Can you please explain the difference between references and sources on your wikipedia article on Aphra Behn Are sources and references the same thing? I can't find an answer please help. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 21:33, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

In this type of situation, the sources would be used for books which are mentioned in multiple references in a short form. I'm not quite sure that the one book in source is used in that way, but that type of Biography would be OK there as well, I think.Naraht (talk) 22:40, 13 November 2018 (UTC)
Wikipedia has been created over the last 18 years by more than ten million volunteers. We are not always consistent, and the way we use "sources" versus "references" has evolved and is subject to individual interpretation. In general, references are sources that have been cited in specific locations in the article, while a "source" may have been used either for the article as a whole, or as background by an or who made s throughout the article or wrote the bulk of the article in the first place. In your example case the "source" is also separately listed as a "reference" in three specific places in the article. In theory, we are supposed to actually cite the reference explicitly for every single statement of fact in the article, but this is both tedious and time-consuming to add, and highly distracting to the reader, so in practice non-controversial facts are often not explicitly cited to a source, and the reader is left to find them in the sources or in nearby references. In the early days, we also used "further reading" sections whose entries were added when an or created a brief "stub" article but did not have time to really create references or add material from that source. We aren't supposed to do that any more, but you still find them lying around. -Arch dude (talk) 01:01, 14 November 2018 (UTC)

A request for Slovene project[]

Hi. I would have a little programming request regarding Template:Infobox Person on sl.wikiquote. It's about making links to sl.wikipedia articles. Grateful for help, --Janezdrilc (talk) 22:32, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

@Janezdrilc: [[w:Title|Text]] will link to the Wikipedia article "Title" in the same language, and display "Text" on the link. If you want something else then please be more specific. PrimeHunter (talk) 22:53, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

This linking should be done in modules. I tried to do it with dates in Modul:Dates (imported from Russian project), but there is still something missing (see for example q:sl:Alojz Rebula). --Janezdrilc (talk) 23:21, 13 November 2018 (UTC)

@Janezdrilc: I guess you want to hide "w:" in the dates. Fixed with [1]. Note the summary "if %d or %s are repeated in the string format then their values must also be repeated in the corresponding position in the parameter list". You didn't do that in several cases in [2] so if those parts of the code are run then it will produce errors. Piping links by adding code to a lot of places in a module looks hard, and prevents importing a new version of the module. Instead you could make a template to modify a parameter by changing any wikilink to a piped Wikipedia link. For example, {{Wikipedia links|[[foo]] and [[bar]]}} could produce [[w:foo|foo]] and [[w:bar|bar]]. Then you can call the template on module or template output when you want Wikipedia links. You could import Module:String and use Module:String#replace. If the template input only has unpiped internal wikilinks then it just needs to say something like {{#invoke:String|replace|source={{{1|}}}|pattern=%[%[(.-)%]%]|replace=[[w:%1|%1]]|plain=false}}. PrimeHunter (talk) 00:59, 14 November 2018 (UTC)

Yes, you fixed it! Can you check please q:sl:Evzebij Cezarejski - reporting some Lua error. Besides, countries and data of other parameters would also need "w: linking". Can you check this too, please? --Janezdrilc (talk) 23:31, 14 November 2018 (UTC)

The Lua error was caused by one of the errors in [3] I told you about. Fixed by [4]. PrimeHunter (talk) 00:08, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

November 14[]

Help with Image[]

Hello, good day, i have a logo of my college, i have been given the permission to use, although, i dont really know how to register it, everytime i upload it and give the right crs to the right person, it already shows as copyrighted and it gets taken down, ive tried going through the wikipedia Wizard multiple times and also tried on the Creative Commons web page, im really not sure what im doing wrong, any help is appreciated. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 18:26, 14 November 2018 (UTC)

The logo is probably copyright, so it would not be appropriate to upload it to WP:Commons where anyone else would be free to use it for any purpose. I don't think your "permission" extends to that. I suggest that you upload it just to the article on your college under WP:Fair use. See Wikipedia:Logos for further guidance. Dbfirs 19:52, 14 November 2018 (UTC)

Terrorism detail for the United States[]

I'm reviewing the details for terrorism within the United States , it seems an extreme group has been left out... Antifa. Where there are attacks with no to limited deaths and injuries listed under terrorism, none have appeared for when Antifa has thrown Molotov cocktails or when a group chased after a car and caused damage etc. There were similar situations list for the opposing side. A Molotov cocktail by definition is a petrol bomb. They brought them, it was therefore premated... An attack. In order to get a good grasp on the violence in today's society , isn't it necessary to have both extremists listed when they go to violence? — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 19:33, 14 November 2018 (UTC)

Do you have reliable sources (in particular, professionally-published mainstream academic or journalistic sources) that describe them as a significant terrorist group?
Because most neutral sources point out that most domestic terrorists groups and attacks tend to be far-right. This source from the Congressional Research Service notes that white supremacists were responsible for caused more attacks and deaths "than any other domestic extremist movement," and also notes that Antifa is largely non-violent and the few attacks they've made were intended as defense against violence from neo-Nazis.
The "both sides" narrative is used to excuse and enable neo-Nazi terrorists. Maybe you could try ensuring that those who share your political beliefs denounce neo-Nazism, white supremacism, and similarly anti-human beliefs, instead of engaging in the sort of tribalism that the neo-Nazis want. Ian.thomson (talk) 19:49, 14 November 2018 (UTC)

please create a series of articles regarding ability to bend spoons with electro mechanical energy[]

simple. less words the better. every body's body has energy. we could not hold up our socks without friction and static. when out pants are falling down, we walk funny to keep our pants up. different muscles are activated, and different chemicals are submitted to our muscles and pants. now new electric energy hits out body and pants nd creates friction. simple. so if the body is electric and magnetic, then bending a spoon is possible. how. strength of volume of output. smokers are stronger than non smokers, for example. those that practice personal skin care, are more strong than those who don't. why? electro mechanical energy + renewable energy. toe oils + tongue oils make new oils and nutrients. at baseline. add radio frequency carbon monoxide, and now smoker and skin care expert has even more. due to addictive effect of carbon monoxide. smokers share common network. hence smokers are a union, and share chemicals. and nutrients. back to ben spoon. union members are more powerful add "' block chain financing, and the seemingly impossible can be achieved in networked unions, or what is called telemedicine. so if this person can bend a spoon, other may. simple. last. that is evolution in a nutshell. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 2604:6000:8A02:8D00:4542:E7B6:6164:F06F (talk) 20:34, 14 November 2018 (UTC)

There will be no such article on Wikipedia until the subject has been written about in WP:Reliable sources. I don't know anyone who can bend spoons without trickery or simple physical force. Dbfirs 21:38, 14 November 2018 (UTC)
Our article is Spoon bending. It has reliable sources. -Arch dude (talk) 21:44, 14 November 2018 (UTC)
It'd be a good idea for you to read WP:FRINGE and WP:No original research. Ian.thomson (talk) 21:50, 14 November 2018 (UTC)

Inserting Link[]

I added an external link, however it stays black. How do I change the color of the link to blue? I cannot find a color menu on the page. This is what I typed in:

There is no colour menu. Only the text in the link will be blue. I've included your name in blue, as author, though in general we discourage such self-publicity on Wikipedia. Dbfirs 21:50, 14 November 2018 (UTC)

Hello I need support[]

hello , there is the link of the page I was trying to create about our company , but in the top keeps saying " User:Toviasecuris" I would like to change that just to " Tovia Securis " but I don't see any options to that name , please give me a hand , thanks — Preceding unsigned comment added by ToviaSecuris (talkcontribs) 22:31, 14 November 2018 (UTC)

Fixed Page deleted under WP:G11 and WP:G12, OP blocked under WP:NOSHARE/WP:CORPNAME and WP:NOTPROMO. Ian.thomson (talk) 22:35, 14 November 2018 (UTC)

Incorrect, biased information[]

I shall no longer use or support Wikipedia, it has become increasingly used as a tool to push personal agendas, an example of which is the positive promotion of women and women’s issues and the negative portrayal of men and men’s issues. I am a young woman but I am increasingly frustrated and disappointed by the lack of unbiased information and the use of questionable citations and ‘evidence’. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 22:48, 14 November 2018 (UTC)

The way to counter any perceived bias is to provide WP:Reliable sources that present the alternative view. If you just remove sources that you don't like, then your s are liable to be reverted. That's how Wikipedia works to avoid bias either way. I agree that the article lacks balance and seems to describe a specific American organisation. Dbfirs 22:59, 14 November 2018 (UTC)
It's possible that you have actually identified a type of systematic bias. There are lots of them, and we try fairly hard to fight it. Look at Wikipedia:WikiProject Countering systemic bias. Raise your concerns on that project's talk page instead of complaining here at help desk. That way, you might actually help us improve Wikipedia. -Arch dude (talk) 01:47, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

November 15[]

RFA Formatting[]

Can someone please help me correctly format my RFA? Apparently I made a mistake. Thank you.WikiHogan654 (talk) 00:47, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

@WikiHogan654: Do you have link to the page you need help with? I didn't see one in your contributions. RudolfRed (talk) 00:49, 15 November 2018 (UTC)
Wikipedia:Requests for adminship/WikiHogan654 was deleted. --David Biddulph (talk) 00:56, 15 November 2018 (UTC)
WikiHogan654 - I don't want to discourage you at all (and please hear me out), but administrators are senior-level users that the community by consensus trusts to use the tools appropriately and given a long-term history of consistent policy knowledge and above-average familiarity and involvement in very key and important areas. I highly recommend that you go through and review this essay as well as this one before spending any more time on your RFA application, and I think you'll come to realize that you're running much too soon and that you're missing experience and knowledge in important areas that the community will expect an expert-level knowledge of. I don't want to see your time wasted and you being left feeling disheartened; the RFA process is a very harsh one, and this is why I'm messaging you to reconsider running at this time... If you're still set on running, I'd perhaps visit this candidate poll page first and ask other ors and admins to rate you and your probability first. ~Oshwah~(talk) (contribs) 00:54, 15 November 2018 (UTC)
I guess it was deleted. I'll create a new one and hopefully get it right this time. I realize I'm a long shot, I'm doing this for the little guy, and I guess we'll see how people vote. Thanks.WikiHogan654 (talk) 01:03, 15 November 2018 (UTC)
WikiHogan654, on Wikipedia we're all "little guys". Admins aren't bigger than anyone else, they've merely demonstrated the competence necessary to do (rather irksome) housekeeping work – more janitors than managers. {The poster formerly known as} (talk) 00:27, 16 November 2018 (UTC)

I want to protect a page of a leaving person from false information[]

I want to protect a page of a leaving person from false information. Please let me know how to do that. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Rqtdulu (talkcontribs) 07:15, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

Pages are protected only if there is persistent vandalism. You cannot preserve your preferred version. Is this about Ruhul Quddus Talukdar? Dbfirs 08:34, 15 November 2018 (UTC)
Furthermore, Rqtdulu, if you are Dulu (as seems likely from your username) then you have a conflict of interest and should not be ing the article directly at all: you are welcome to suggest s on the article's talk page, preferably with citation to reliable published sources, but it is up to a non-involved or to decide what changes to make. --ColinFine (talk) 18:19, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

Difference in templates: Pagelinks and la[]

What is the difference between {{Pagelinks}} and {{la}}?—Cpt.a.haddock (talk) (please ping when replying) 13:46, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

@Cpt.a.haddock: They are not the only two templates available. Template:Pagelinks gives a list of the various templates that are available and their uses. (And links to other template documentation). Cheers. Eagleash (talk) 15:03, 15 November 2018 (UTC)
@Eagleash: I'm not sure I understand. Barring the first "example" line right at the top and the template usage count, the two pages look identical. Shouldn't one be a redirect to the other? Thanks for the reply :)—Cpt.a.haddock (talk) (please ping when replying) 15:07, 15 November 2018 (UTC)
@Cpt.a.haddock: They're related but not identical. {{Pagelinks}} is a master template and can be used for a page in any namespace while {{la}} is meant to be used (or rendered correctly) only with pages in mainspace. So whereever {{la}} is used, it can be replaced with {{Pagelinks}} but not vice versa. There's quite difference and need for both to exist. –Ammarpad (talk) 15:14, 15 November 2018 (UTC)
Ah, I see. Thank you :)—Cpt.a.haddock (talk) (please ping when replying) 15:19, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

Inviting comments from other ors[]

Hi, a difference of opinion has arisen over a small wording issue in an article, as described at I would like to invite other, uninvolved ors to comment on this, but it is a very obscure and low-traffic article that people are unlikely to just stumble across. Is there some way that I can advertise this? Mypix (talk) 15:08, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

@Mypix: You could start a formal Request for Comment. 331dot (talk) 15:12, 15 November 2018 (UTC)
@Mypix: Before going all the way to RfC, maybe try Wikipedia:Third opinion. Both are part of the process you will find at WP:DISPUTE. -Arch dude (talk) 16:19, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

America's History LLC[]

Im Jim from America's History LLC I would like to know how to create a article on the company because when I tried to create it I received a error message

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigationJump to search The article that you're looking for doesn't exist.

You can create it, but... Before you create an article, you should read this guide. New to Wikipedia? See the contributing to Wikipedia page for everything you need to know to get started. Need interactive help? You can ask questions at the Teahouse, help desk or through live chat. There are different ways to Wikipedia: Writing Circle Yellow.svg Sandbox Ready to try ing? You can experiment in your own sandbox to get a feel for ing Wikipedia. This is a great place to start without affecting live articles. Start ing

More Icon C.svg Improve Wikipedia needs your help. Pick small ing tasks from a list, such as fixing spelling and grammar. Learn by making improvements to existing articles. Start helping

Qualidade-5-.svg Article wizard If you already have experience with ing, you can use our article wizard to create new articles. In just a few steps, you'll be on your way to contributing to Wikipedia. Start creating

How can I fix the error and create the article on America's History LLC — Preceding unsigned comment added by Jimfromamericashistoryllc (talkcontribs) 16:06, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

0) First, you must disclose your employment on your user page, per our policy on paid ing. Even if you are volunteering to write the article, because you are affiliated with them, you must disclose your employment with them as if you were being paid by them to write the article.
1) Choose a topic whose notability is attested by discussions of it in several reliable independent sources.
2) Gather as many professionally-published mainstream academic or journalistic sources you can find.
3) Focus on just the ones that are not dependent upon or affiliated with the subject, but still specifically about the subject and providing in-depth coverage (not passing mentions). If you do not have at least three such sources, the subject is not yet notable and trying to write an article at this point will only fail.
4) Summarize those sources left after step 3, adding citations at the end of them. You'll want to do this in a program with little/no formatting, like Microsoft Notepad or Notepad++, and not in something like Microsoft Word or LibreOffice Writer. Make sure this summary is just bare statement of facts, phrased in a way that even someone who hates the subject can agree with.
5) Combine overlapping summaries (without arriving at new statements that no individual source supports) where possible, repeating citations as needed.
6) Paraphrase the whole thing just to be extra sure you've avoided any copyright violations or plagiarism.
7) Use the Article wizard to post this draft and wait for approval.
8) Expand the article using sources you put aside in step 2 (but make sure they don't make up more than half the sources for the article, and make sure that affiliated sources don't make up more than half of that).
Doing something besides those steps typically results in the article not being approved, or even in its deletion. Ian.thomson (talk) 16:16, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

Stephen Bernard oxford[]


This article was as my son has made clear created in contravention of the guidelines of your chatroom. Please delete it

MB — Preceding unsigned comment added by 2A02:C7D:A37D:1A00:40D6:1108:E314:4BBD (talk) 21:37, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

Please provide a link to the page concerned. Please also clarify what guidelines you feel have been contravened, and if/where this has been previously discussed on Wikipedia (made to clear to whom etc?). Please note that pages are only deleted under certain circumstances not if the subject does not like it or they did not 'give permission' (which is not required). Thank you. Eagleash (talk) 22:01, 15 November 2018 (UTC)
Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Stephen Bernard. The IP user has made their views known, and the deletion discussion is scheduled to finish within about four days. -- zzuuzz (talk) 22:07, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

Michael Obafemi[]

In reference to the Micheal Obafemi why did me changing the height section throw off the entire article? — Preceding unsigned comment added by Stephen79678 (talkcontribs) 21:44, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

@Stephen79678: Because with this part of the reference was removed including the opening 'curly' brackets which caused the formatting error. Please sign your posts on talk pages by typing four tildes (~~~~). Thank you. Eagleash (talk) 21:55, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

That makes sense. Thanks for your assistance. I’m quite new to all of this so I had no clue. Thank you :) Stephen79678 (talk) 22:25, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

University College, Durham[]

I have accidently ruined a table - please alter but leave in my correction (I added the title "Sir" to Tim Laurence) Thanks Srbernadette (talk) 23:00, 15 November 2018 (UTC)

@Srbernadette: Looks like your has been reverted. If you still want the change done, you can use the "Preview" option before publishing changes, or work in your sandbox. RudolfRed (talk) 00:13, 16 November 2018 (UTC)
I've made the change, @Srbernadette:; perhaps you'd like to look and see how I did it. (Note that either "Tim Laurence" or "Sir Timothy (Laurence)" might be appropriate in different contexts, but "Sir Tim" is possibly inappropriate.)
Amusing coincidence, apparently my father startled Sir Timothy's wife during the Remembrance Day march-past last Sunday, by giving the command "Eyes right", when his section passed Her Highness at the Guards Memorial, at full parade-square volume. {The poster formerly known as} (talk) 00:58, 16 November 2018 (UTC)

November 16[]

Private page[]


I have a question, is it possible to create a private article and give a permission to only specific people or group?

Another question, is it possible to ad comments to the article?

BR Abdullah — Preceding unsigned comment added by Abdullahjameel (talkcontribs) 08:33, 16 November 2018 (UTC)

Abdullahjameel To your first question, no. All pages are visible to all users, and are able by all(unless protected due to vandalism). You can't restrict pages to certain users.
To your second question, articles are not for discussion of the subject, and comments should not go in them. Article talk pages are for discussing the article itself(its structure and content) but are not for general discussion of the subject. 331dot (talk) 08:53, 16 November 2018 (UTC)
Hello, Abdullahjameel. The answer is no. There are no private articles on Wikipedia, and almost any article can be ed by anyone in good standing. A few articles are protected to protect them against ongoing vandalism. If you want to write a private article, then please select another website. Cullen328 Let's discuss it 08:59, 16 November 2018 (UTC)
Is it technically possible? Yes, MediaWiki does have that functionally. However it isn't usually employed on Wikipedia except in the case of certain special pages. Additionally deleted pages can only be viewed by certain user groups. EniaNey 17:23, 16 November 2018 (UTC) — Preceding unsigned comment added by EniaNey (talkcontribs)


I'd like some help from someone good at this kind of coding. In Women in the Bible you can see two sidebars, the second one (Template:Christianity and gender) is IMO annoyingly tall. I would like it to be remade like the first (Template:Bible sidebar), so that the subsections are/can be "hidden" . Anyone up to it? Gråbergs Gråa Sång (talk) 11:31, 16 November 2018 (UTC)

I have converted {{Christianity and gender}} to use {{Sidebar with collapsible lists}}.[5] PrimeHunter (talk) 15:34, 16 November 2018 (UTC)
Thank you PrimeHunter. Gråbergs Gråa Sång (talk) 15:49, 16 November 2018 (UTC)

Forgot password[]

I have forgotten my wikipedia password. However, I am still logged in on my mobile and so I am asking you people this question with the same account here. Please tell me how to add my email address to my existing Wikipedia account so as to recover my password. I went to the preferences section and tried to change my password as well as add my email address but it is asking me to provide my present email address which I don't remember. Thank you!-Karumari (talk) 11:37, 16 November 2018 (UTC)

@Karumari: At present you don't have email set on Wikipedia, so I don't understand how it can be asking for your present email address. I just tried going to the option to add email to an alternative account of mine which doesn't have an email set, and under where it said "Current email address" instead of a box to type in the email address it just said "(none)". That should be what you get, and if so then you should be able to just ignore it and type your email address into the box below where it asks for your new email. I suggest checking whether that is what you are getting. The or who uses the pseudonym "JamesBWatson" (talk) 12:02, 16 November 2018 (UTC)
@JamesBWatson: If they set email but didn't confirm it, it will show (to us) as if they didn't set. @Karumari: Try opening this special page directly (Special:ChangeEmail) and add new email. If you have any email it will show up there. –Ammarpad (talk) 14:10, 16 November 2018 (UTC)
@Ammarpad: I hadn't thought of the possibility of an email address that was set but not confirmed: thanks for mentioning that. However, I tried clicking on your link to Special:ChangeEmail, and I got a message saying "You must log in again to verify that you are JamesBWatson", and a box for me to type in my password, so that may be no help to Karumari. The or who uses the pseudonym "JamesBWatson" (talk) 14:36, 16 November 2018 (UTC)
(ec) @Ammarpad: My 3 cents: the page you linked above requires me to input the current password, even though I'm looged in. It works so both when I open it in a new window (with a Shift+click) and when I open it within the current window. So it probably wouldn't help the user who has forgot the password... --CiaPan (talk) 14:38, 16 November 2018 (UTC)
@JamesBWatson and CiaPan: Yes, even though you're logged in you must re log anytime you access that page; logging per access for security reasons. Then you're both right, I forgot they don't have their current password. –Ammarpad (talk)
@JamesBWatson, CiaPan, and Ammarpad: I don't remember my current password and want to not only recover my present password but also set an email address. Please help. Thanks!-Karumari (talk) 18:38, 16 November 2018 (UTC)
If that is not possible, please help me create a new user id and password and not get blocked for it!-Karumari (talk) 18:48, 16 November 2018 (UTC)


My mom pruchased a home in south subs in 1994 for 89000thousnad,and her social sercurtiy she retired in 2005 and her morgage exceded he income so she asked her morgage company for a reduction Wells fargo well they sold her morgage to Rushmore on may 30 2018 she started paying rush more now rush more contiuse to treaten to foreclose my mom has never missed a payment and now she owes 95thousand more than original parchase price — Preceding unsigned comment added by Jchip48 (talkcontribs) 13:27, 16 November 2018 (UTC)

This page is for questions about how to use Wikipedia, not for discussing mortgages. -- Hoary (talk) 13:32, 16 November 2018 (UTC)
@Jchip48: Looks like you (and your mom) need a legal help. But WIKIPEDIA DOES NOT GIVE LEGAL OPINIONS. Turn to a professionalist. --CiaPan (talk) 15:25, 16 November 2018 (UTC)

IP s and Vandalism[]

Hello all,

I am interested in locating IP s by country to discover which Wikipedian articles are ed in the most countries in the world for my dissertation work. I will not publish anyone's IP address and summarize by countries. However, I am concerned about the amount of vandalism that occurs using IP addresses (non-registered users). What do people think, would mapping by IP addresses be a valid way understanding which articles (ideas) are worldwide in Wikipedia, or would the amount of vandalism make that invalid?

Thank you! Tom — Preceding unsigned comment added by Tomthirteen (talkcontribs) 16:40, 16 November 2018 (UTC)

Adrian Hall issue[]

Adrian Hall is a disambiguation page. It lists:

That is two links to one article. The links both go to the article about an actor who was born in 1959. A Wikipedia Search does not find an actor who was born in 1943. I haven't tried a Google search, but I am not looking at this point to create the article on the 1943-born actor. Here are my questions. First, I am about to delete the entry that says it directs to an actor born in 1943. Is there agreement that that is the Right Thing to do? Second, does anyone know of another way to see if there really is an article on an actor born in 1959? Robert McClenon (talk) 17:07, 16 November 2018 (UTC)

I think that I have partially resolved the issue. What sent me off on this errand was a draft on Adrian Hall. The draft is about the person who was born in 1943. The draft is obviously incomplete and has missing sections, but it is what is needed for the link in the disambiguation page. I am not deleting the link. I will be accepting the draft but tagging it. Further comments? Robert McClenon (talk) 17:28, 16 November 2018 (UTC)

Publish Changes[]

Unfortunately, As seen in this picture below, I am not allowed to a Wikipedia Article. It states that I am not allowed to. Why would this be happening? How can we it?


Wikipedia Error.png

— Preceding unsigned comment added by Emilychingle (talkcontribs) 17:59, 16 November 2018 (UTC)

Emilychingle, please provide a link to the page you were trying to . My guess, based on the text of the warning, is that you were not trying to a Wikipedia Article (a page in article space). Instead, you were trying to someone else's userpage, which is a page intended for ors to introduce themselves to the Wikipedia community and to discuss and coordiante their ing. Userpages should normally only (or primarily) be ed by the users to whom they apply. ~ ONUnicorn(Talk|Contribs)problem solving 18:09, 16 November 2018 (UTC)
Emilychingle I think I figured out what happened. It looks like you and MadisonLiggio were working on a draft of an article about Deschooling. Instead of locating it in draft space, you put it in user space at User:Deschooling, but there is no registered user by the name of Deschooling. The system wouldn't let you it, because that's not your username. I have moved it and its talk page to Draft:Deschooling, where you should be able to continue working on it without encountering that problem. ~ ONUnicorn(Talk|Contribs)problem solving 18:19, 16 November 2018 (UTC)

Maintenance template removal[]

My name is Brian Harr and I'm the new Director of Communications at The Master's University.

Our page is here:'s_University

Our University page on Wikipedia was being vandalized a couple months back and someone from the university who didn't understand the Conflict of Interest rules at Wikipedia was correcting things that were ed in error. I believe that because the person correcting the errors was from the University that caused the maintenance template to appear at the top of our page, indicating self-pulbished sources.

I have vetted the page and all of the information is accurate.

I would like to request the template message be removed.

In the future I do plan to suggest updates for the page but will do that through the "Talk" function.

Thank you very much,

Brian Harr — Preceding unsigned comment added by Beeharr (talkcontribs) 18:08, 16 November 2018 (UTC)