Voiced bilabial stop

Voiced bilabial stop
b
IPA number 102
Encoding
Entity (decimal) b
Unicode (hex) U+0062
X-SAMPA b
Kirshenbaum b
Braille ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12)
Listen

The voiced bilabial stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨b⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is b. The voiced bilabial stop occurs in English, and it is the sound denoted by the letter ⟨b⟩ in boy. Many Indian languages, such as Hindustani, have a two-way[clarification needed] contrast between breathy voiced /bʱ/ and plain /b/.

Features[]

Features of the voiced bilabial stop:

Varieties[]

IPA Description
b plain b
labialised
b̜ʷ semi-labialised
b̹ʷ strongly labialised
palatalised
breathy voiced

Occurrence[]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe бгъу About this sound [bʁʷə]  'nine'
Arabic Standard[1] كتب [ˈkatabɐ] 'he wrote' See Arabic phonology
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic baba [baːba] 'father'
Armenian Eastern[2] բարի About this sound [bɑˈɾi]  'kind'
Basque bero [beɾo] 'hot'
Bengali লো [bɔlo] 'say!' Contrasts with aspirated form. See Bengali phonology
Catalan[3] bèstia [ˈbɛstiə] 'beast' See Catalan phonology
Chinese Southern Min [ban] 'Fujian province' Only in colloquial speech.
Wu [bi] 'skin'
Xiang [bau] 'to float'
Czech bota [ˈbota] 'boot' See Czech phonology
Dutch[4] boer [buːr] 'farmer' See Dutch phonology
English aback About this sound [əˈbæk] 'aback' See English phonology
Esperanto batalo [baˈtalo] 'war' See Esperanto phonology
Filipino buto [buto] 'bone'
French[5] boue [bu] 'mud' See French phonology
Georgian[6] ავშვი [ˈbavʃvi] 'child'
German Bub [buːp] 'boy' See Standard German phonology
Greek μπόχα / bócha [ˈbo̞xa] 'reek' See Modern Greek phonology
Gujarati ક્રી [bəkri] 'goat' See Gujarati phonology
Hebrew בית [bajit] 'house' See Modern Hebrew phonology
Hindi बाल [bɑːl] 'hair' Contrasts with aspirated version ⟨भ⟩. See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Hungarian baba [ˈbɒbɒ] 'baby' See Hungarian phonology
Italian[7] bile [ˈbile] 'rage' See Italian phonology
Japanese[8] / ban [baɴ] '(one's) turn' See Japanese phonology
Kabardian бгъуы About this sound [bʁʷə]  'nine'
Korean 지붕 / jibung [t͡ɕibuŋ] 'roof' See Korean phonology
Luxembourgish[9] geblosen [ɡə̹ˈbloːzə̹n] 'blown' More often voiceless [p].[9] See Luxembourgish phonology
Macedonian убав [ˈubav] 'beautiful' See Macedonian phonology
Malay baru [bäru] 'new'
Maltese għatba [aːtˈba] 'threshold'
Marathi टाटा [bəˈʈaːʈaː] 'potato' See Marathi phonology
Norwegian bål [ˈbɔːl] 'bonfire' See Norwegian phonology
Persian خوب [xub] 'good' See Persian phonology
Pirahã pibaóí [ˈpìbàóí̯] 'parent'
Polish[10] bas About this sound [bäs]  'bass' See Polish phonology
Portuguese[11] bato [ˈbatʊ] 'I strike' See Portuguese phonology
Punjabi ਬਿੱਲੀ [bɪlːi] 'cat'
Romanian[12] bou [bow] 'bull' See Romanian phonology.
Russian[13] рыба [ˈrɨbə] 'fish' Contrasts with palatalized form. See Russian phonology
Slovak b [bi̞c̟] 'to be'
Spanish[14] invertir [ĩmbe̞ɾˈt̪iɾ] 'to invest' See Spanish phonology
Swedish bra [ˈbɾɑː] 'good' May be an approximant in casual speech. See Swedish phonology
Turkish bulut [ˈbuɫut̪] 'cloud' See Turkish phonology
Ukrainian[15] брат [ˈbrɑt̪] 'brother' See Ukrainian phonology
Urdu بال [bɑːl] 'hair' Contrasts with aspirated version(بھ). See Hindi-Urdu phonology
West Frisian bak [bak] 'tray'
Yi /bbo [bo˧] 'mountain'
Zapotec Tilquiapan[16] bald [bal͡d] 'few'

See also[]

Notes[]

References[]