|Voiced alveolar lateral fricative|
The voiced alveolar lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents voiced dental, alveolar, and postalveolar lateral fricatives is ⟨ɮ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is
Features of the voiced alveolar lateral fricative:
|Amis||Kangko accent||Interdental [ɮ̪͆]|
|Adyghe||къалэ||[qaːɮa] (help·info)||'town'||Can also be pronounced as [l]|
|Bura||[example needed]||Contrasts with [ɬ] and [ʎ̝̊].|
|Kabardian||блы||[bɮə] (help·info)||'seven'||Can also be pronounced as [l]|
|Mongolian||долоо||[tɔɮɔː]||'seven'||Sometimes realized as [ɬ]|
|Sassarese||a caldhu||[ˈkaɮu] (help·info)||'hot'|
In addition, a pharyngealized voiced alveolar lateral fricative [ɮˤ] (help·info) is reconstructed to be the ancient Classical Arabic pronunciation of Ḍād; the letter is now pronounced in Modern Standard Arabic as a pharyngealized voiced coronal stop, as alveolar [dˤ] or denti-alveolar [d̪ˤ].
In 1938, a symbol shaped similarly to heng ⟨ꜧ⟩ was approved as the official IPA symbol for the voiced alveolar lateral fricative, replacing ⟨ɮ⟩. It was suggested at the same time, however, that a compromise shaped like something between the two may also be used at the author's discretion. It was this compromise version that was included in the 1949 Principles of the International Phonetic Association and the subsequent IPA charts, until it was replaced again by ⟨ɮ⟩ at the 1989 Kiel Convention. Despite the Association's prescription, ⟨ɮ⟩ is nonetheless seen in literature from the 1960s to the 1980s.