Vilyuisk

Vilyuysk

Вилюйск
Town under district jurisdiction[1]
Other transcription(s)
 • YakutБүлүү
Flag of Vilyuysk
Flag
Coat of arms of Vilyuysk
Coat of arms
Location of Vilyuysk
Vilyuysk is located in Russia
Vilyuysk
Vilyuysk
Location of Vilyuysk
Vilyuysk is located in Sakha Republic
Vilyuysk
Vilyuysk
Vilyuysk (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 63°45′N 121°38′E / 63.750°N 121.633°E / 63.750; 121.633Coordinates: 63°45′N 121°38′E / 63.750°N 121.633°E / 63.750; 121.633
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSakha Republic[1]
Administrative districtVilyuysky District[1]
TownVilyuysk[1]
Founded1634[2][1]
Area
 • Total18 km2 (7 sq mi)
Elevation
105 m (344 ft)
 • Administrative center ofVilyuysky District[1], Town of Vilyuysk[1]
 • Municipal districtVilyuysky Municipal District[3]
 • Urban settlementVilyuysk Urban Settlement[3]
 • Administrative center ofVilyuysky Municipal District[4], Vilyuysk Urban Settlement[3]
Time zoneYAKT (UTC+09:00)[5]
Postal code(s)[6]
678200, 678202, 678219, 678229
Dialing code(s)+7 41132
Previous namesTyukanskoye/Verkhnevilyuyskoye,
Olensk (until 1821)
OKATO ID98218501000
Websitewww.vilyuisk.ru
Vilyuysk population
2010 Census10,234[7]
2002 Census9,776[8]
1989 Census8,988[9]
1979 Census7,108[10]

Vilyuysk (Russian: Вилюйск, IPA: [vʲɪˈlʲʉjsk]; Yakut: Бүлүү, Bülüü) is a town and the administrative center of Vilyuysky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Vilyuy River (left tributary of the Lena), about 600 kilometers (370 mi) from Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 10,234.[7]

History[]

The first permanent settlement on the site of the present town was a Cossack winter settlement founded in 1634[2] as Tyukanskoye or Verkhnevilyuyskoye.[citation needed]

Members of the peasant rebellion led by Yemelyan Pugachev were exiled to the area in the 1770s, building the new town of Olensk in 1783. The town's name was derived from the Russian word "олень" (olen), meaning "stag", as still seen in the town's symbols. The town was renamed Vilyuysk after the river on which it stands in 1821.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Vilyuysk serves as the administrative center of Vilyuysky District.[1] As an inhabited locality, Vilyuysk is classified as a town under district jurisdiction.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with one rural locality (the selo of Sosnovka), incorporated within Vilyuysky District as the Town of Vilyuysk.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Vilyuysk is incorporated within Vilyuysky Municipal District as Vilyuysk Urban Settlement.[3]

Transportation[]

The Vilyuysk Airport is located near the town.[11]

Climate[]

Vilyuysk has an extremely continental subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc). Winters are extremely cold, with average temperatures from −39.3 to −32.2 °C (−38.7 to −26.0 °F) in January, while summers are warm, with average temperatures from +12.7 to +24.8 °C (54.9 to 76.6 °F) in July, instead being in the warmest summer region for such a northerly latitude, resulting from the absence of any maritime moderation. Precipitation is quite low, but is significantly higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Vilyuysk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
10.1
(50.2)
18.6
(65.5)
30.3
(86.5)
36.1
(97)
37.4
(99.3)
36.0
(96.8)
27.7
(81.9)
18.0
(64.4)
3.3
(37.9)
−2.1
(28.2)
37.4
(99.3)
Average high °C (°F) −32.2
(−26)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−11.7
(10.9)
0.8
(33.4)
11.4
(52.5)
21.5
(70.7)
24.8
(76.6)
20.4
(68.7)
10.3
(50.5)
−3.8
(25.2)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−31.0
(−23.8)
−3.1
(26.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −35.8
(−32.4)
−30.4
(−22.7)
−18.9
(−2)
−5.6
(21.9)
5.8
(42.4)
15.4
(59.7)
18.7
(65.7)
14.4
(57.9)
5.5
(41.9)
−7.5
(18.5)
−25.8
(−14.4)
−34.5
(−30.1)
−8.2
(17.2)
Average low °C (°F) −39.3
(−38.7)
−35.0
(−31)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−12.4
(9.7)
0.0
(32)
9.2
(48.6)
12.7
(54.9)
8.6
(47.5)
1.2
(34.2)
−11.2
(11.8)
−29.5
(−21.1)
−38.0
(−36.4)
−13.3
(8.1)
Record low °C (°F) −60.9
(−77.6)
−58.0
(−72.4)
−50.0
(−58)
−40.2
(−40.4)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−5.3
(22.5)
0.0
(32)
−6.3
(20.7)
−15.4
(4.3)
−39.8
(−39.6)
−52.7
(−62.9)
−57.9
(−72.2)
−60.9
(−77.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11
(0.43)
9
(0.35)
9
(0.35)
12
(0.47)
23
(0.91)
39
(1.54)
50
(1.97)
39
(1.54)
35
(1.38)
25
(0.98)
20
(0.79)
13
(0.51)
285
(11.22)
Average rainy days 0 0 0.1 4 11 14 13 13 15 5 0.1 0 75.2
Average snowy days 21 18 15 8 3 0 0 0 2 20 21 20 128
Average relative humidity (%) 74 75 68 58 54 55 60 66 71 77 77 75 68
Mean monthly sunshine hours 16 95 204 267 290 317 342 252 153 83 44 5 2,068
Source #1: pogoda.ru.net[12]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[13]

Naming honors[]

The minor planet 2890 Vilyujsk, discovered in 1978 by Soviet astronomer Lyudmila Zhuravlyova, is named after the town.[14]

References[]

Notes[]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 71. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  3. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z #353-III
  4. ^ Law #172-Z #351-III
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  11. ^ "Vilyuisk Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  12. ^ "Weather And Climate - Climate Vilyuisk" (in Russian). Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  13. ^ "Climate Normals for Viljujsk". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  14. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names (5th ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 237. ISBN 3-540-00238-3.

Sources[]