Uvular ejective

Uvular ejective
IPA number111 + 401
Encoding
Entity (decimal)q​ʼ
Unicode (hex)U+0071 U+02BC
X-SAMPAq_>
Kirshenbaumq`
Listen

The uvular ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨⟩.

Features[]

Features of the uvular ejective:

Occurrence[]

One ejective
A single plain uvular ejective is found in almost all Northeast Caucasian languages, all South Caucasian languages, and some Athabaskan languages, as well as Itelmen, Quechua and Aymara.

Two ejectives
Most Salishan languages, the Tlingit language, and Adyghe and Kabardian (Northwest Caucasian) demonstrate a two-way contrast between labialised and plain uvular ejectives.

The Akhvakh language appears to have a contrast between lax and tense uvular ejectives: [qʼaː] soup, broth (lax) vs. [qːʼama] cock's comb (tense).

Three ejectives

Five ejectives

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abaza къапщы [qʼapɕə] 'red'
Abkhaz аҟаҧшь [aqʼapʃ] 'red'
Adyghe Hakuchi къӏэ About this sound[qʼa]  'hand' Dialectal. Corresponds to [ʕ] in other dialects.
Archi къам [qʼam] 'forelock'
Georgian რუ [qʼru] 'deaf'
Haida qqayttas [qʼajtʼas] 'basket'
Quechua q'illu [qʼɛʎʊ] 'yellow'
Tlingit k̲ʼateil About this sound[qʼʌtʰeːɬ]  ‘pitcher’
Vainakhish къийг [qʼiːg] 'crow'

See also[]