United States ten-dollar bill

Ten dollars
(United States)
Width156 mm
Height66.3 mm
WeightApprox. 1[1] g
Security featuresSecurity fibers, security thread, watermark, color shifting ink, microprinting, raised printing, EURion constellation
Material usedCotton-linen
Years of printing1861–present
US10dollarbill-Series 2004A.jpg
DesignAlexander Hamilton
Design date2006
US $10 Series 2004 reverse.jpg
DesignU.S. Treasury Building
Design date2006

The United States ten-dollar bill ($10) is a denomination of U.S. currency. The obverse of the bill features the portrait of Alexander Hamilton, who served as the first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury. The reverse features the U.S. Treasury Building. All $10 bills issued today are Federal Reserve Notes.

As of December 2018, the average life of a $10 bill in circulation is 5.3 years before it is replaced due to wear.[2] Ten-dollar bills are delivered by Federal Reserve Banks in yellow straps.

The source of the portrait on the $10 bill is John Trumbull's 1805 painting of Hamilton that belongs to the portrait collection of New York City Hall. The $10 bill is unique in that it is the only denomination in circulation in which the portrait faces to the left. It also features one of two non-presidents on currently issued U.S. bills, the other being Benjamin Franklin on the $100 bill. Hamilton is also the only person not born in the continental United States or British America (he was from the West Indies) currently depicted on U.S. paper currency; three others have been depicted in the past: Albert Gallatin, Switzerland ($500 1862/63 Legal Tender), George Meade, Spain ($1,000 1890/91 Treasury Note), and Robert Morris, England ($1,000 1862/63 Legal Tender; $10 1878/80 Silver Certificate).

Large size note history[]

(approximately 7.4218 × 3.125 in ≅ 189 × 79 mm)

1805 portrait of Hamilton by John Trumbull
1863 $10 Legal Tender note
1880 $10 Legal Tender
Series 1880 $10 silver certificate.
Series 1901 $10 Legal Tender depicting military explorers Meriwether Lewis, William Clark, and an American bison.
1914 $10 Federal Reserve Note

Small size note history[]

Series 1928 $10 Gold Certificate
1934 A Federal Reserve $10 Note
The first 1953 $10 Silver Certificate printed (Smithsonian).

(6.14 in × 2.61 in156 mm × 66 mm)

Series dates[]

Small size[]

Type Series Register Treasurer Seal
National Bank Note Types 1 & 2 1929 Jones Woods Brown
Federal Reserve Bank Note 1928A Jones Woods Brown
Type Series Treasurer Secretary Seal
Gold Certificate 1928 Woods Mellon Gold
Silver Certificate 1933 Julian Woodin Blue
Silver Certificate 1934 Julian Morgenthau Blue
Silver Certificate 1934 North Africa Julian Morgenthau Yellow
Silver Certificate 1934A Julian Morgenthau Blue
Silver Certificate 1934A North Africa Julian Morgenthau Yellow
Silver Certificate 1934B Julian Vinson Blue
Silver Certificate 1934C Julian Snyder Blue
Silver Certificate 1934D Clark Snyder Blue
Silver Certificate 1953 Priest Humphrey Blue
Silver Certificate 1953A Priest Anderson Blue
Silver Certificate 1953B Smith Dillon Blue
Federal Reserve Note 1928 Tate Mellon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1928A Woods Mellon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1928B Woods Mellon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1928C Woods Mills Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934 Julian Morgenthau Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934 Hawaii Julian Morgenthau Brown
Federal Reserve Note 1934A Julian Morgenthau Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934A Hawaii Julian Morgenthau Brown
Federal Reserve Note 1934B Julian Vinson Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934C Julian Snyder Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934D Clark Snyder Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950 Clark Snyder Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950A Priest Humphrey Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950B Priest Anderson Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950C Smith Dillon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950D Granahan Dillon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950E Granahan Fowler Green
Federal Reserve Note 1963 Granahan Dillon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1963A Granahan Fowler Green
Federal Reserve Note 1969 Elston Kennedy Green
Federal Reserve Note 1969A Kabis Connally Green
Federal Reserve Note 1969B Bañuelos Connally Green
Federal Reserve Note 1969C Bañuelos Shultz Green
Federal Reserve Note 1974 Neff Simon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1977 Morton Blumenthal Green
Federal Reserve Note 1977A Morton Miller Green
Federal Reserve Note 1981 Buchanan Regan Green
Federal Reserve Note 1981A Ortega Regan Green
Federal Reserve Note 1985 Ortega Baker Green
Federal Reserve Note 1988A Villalpando Brady Green
Federal Reserve Note 1990 Villalpando Brady Green
Federal Reserve Note 1993 Withrow Bentsen Green
Federal Reserve Note 1995 Withrow Rubin Green
Federal Reserve Note 1999 Withrow Summers Green
Federal Reserve Note 2001 Marin O'Neill Green
Federal Reserve Note 2003 Marin Snow Green
Federal Reserve Note 2004A Cabral Snow Green
Federal Reserve Note 2006 Cabral Paulson Green
Federal Reserve Note 2009 Rios Geithner Green
Federal Reserve Note 2013 Rios Lew Green
Federal Reserve Note 2017 Carranza Mnuchin Green
Federal Reserve Note 2017A Carranza Mnuchin Green

Rejected redesign and new 2020 bill[]

On June 17, 2015, Treasury Secretary Jack Lew announced that a woman's portrait would be featured on a redesigned ten-dollar bill by 2020. The Department of Treasury was seeking the public's input on who should appear on the new bill during the design phase.[9]

Removal of Hamilton was controversial. Many believed that Hamilton, as the first Secretary of the Treasury, should remain on U.S. Currency in some form, all the while thinking that U.S. Currency was long overdue to feature a female historical figure – names that had been raised included Eleanor Roosevelt, Harriet Tubman, and Susan B. Anthony. This led to the Treasury Department stating that Hamilton would remain on the bill in some way. The $10 bill was chosen because it was scheduled for a regular security redesign, a years-long process.[10] The redesigned ten-dollar bill was to be the first U.S. note to incorporate tactile features to assist those with visual disabilities.[11]

On April 20, 2016, it was announced that Alexander Hamilton would remain the primary face on the $10 bill, due in part to the sudden popularity of the first Treasury Secretary after the success of the 2015 Broadway musical Hamilton. It was simultaneously announced that Harriet Tubman's likeness would appear on the $20 bill while Andrew Jackson would now appear on the reverse with the White House.[12]

The design for the reverse of the new $10 bill was set to feature the heroines of the Women's Suffrage Movement in the United States, including Susan B. Anthony, Alice Paul, Sojourner Truth, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, and the participants of the 1913 Woman Suffrage Procession who marched in Washington D.C. in favor of full voting rights for American women.[13]

On August 31, 2017, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said that he would not commit to putting Tubman on the twenty-dollar bill, explaining "People have been on the bills for a long period of time. This is something we’ll consider; right now we have a lot more important issues to focus on."[14] According to a Bureau of Engraving and Printing spokesperson, the next redesigned bill will be the ten-dollar bill, not set to be released into circulation until at least 2026. Because of this, it appears that a redesigned twenty-dollar bill featuring Tubman might not be released until years after the original 2020 release date.[15][16]

See also[]


  1. ^ "Currency Facts". uscurrency.gov. U.S. Currency Education Program. Retrieved June 14, 2020.
  2. ^ "FRB: How long is the lifespan of U.S. paper money?".
  3. ^ "Currency NOTES". Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-07-25. Retrieved 2017-07-24.
  4. ^ Fodor's Washington DC. Random House. 1991. p. 76. American Security Bank likes to boast in its commercials that it's "Right on the money"—"the money" in this case being a $10 bill. If you look on the back of one you'll see the Treasury Building and to its right the tiny American Security bank building.
  5. ^ "Trademark search details for "Right on the money"". Boliven. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved January 22, 2010.
  6. ^ "USPaperMoney.Info: Series 1990 $10".
  7. ^ "USPaperMoney.Info: Series 1999 $10".
  8. ^ "USPaperMoney.Info: Series 2004A $10".
  9. ^ Calmes, Jackie (June 17, 2015). "Woman's Portrait Will Appear on the $10 Bill". The New York Times.
  10. ^ "Woman 10 bill redesign update". CNN. 2016.
  11. ^ "Meaningful Access White Paper" (PDF). B of Engraving and Printing. 2013.
  12. ^ "Women Currency Harriet Tubman". The New York Times. 2016.
  13. ^ "The New $10 Note". US Department of the Treasury. 2016. Archived from the original on April 27, 2016.
  14. ^ Temple-West, Patrick (August 31, 2017). "Mnuchin dismisses question about putting Harriet Tubman on $20 bill". Politico. Retrieved September 6, 2017.
  15. ^ What Happened to the Plan to Put Harriet Tubman on the $20 Bill?
  16. ^ The Harriet Tubman $20 Bill Plan Has Been Put on the Back Burner


External links[]