United States one hundred-dollar bill

One hundred dollars
(United States)
Value$100
Width156 mm
Height66.3 mm
Weight≈ 1.0[1] g
Security featuresSecurity fibers, watermark, 3D security ribbon, security thread, color shifting ink, microprinting, raised printing, EURion constellation
Material used75% cotton
25% linen
Years of printing1861–present
Obverse
Obverse of the series 2009 $100 Federal Reserve Note.jpg
DesignBenjamin Franklin, Declaration of Independence, quill pen, inkwell
Design date2009
Reverse
New100back.jpg
DesignIndependence Hall
Design date2009

The United States one-hundred-dollar bill ($100) is a denomination of United States currency. The first United States Note with this value was issued in 1862 and the Federal Reserve Note version was launched in 1914, alongside other denominations.[2] Statesman, inventor, diplomat, and American founding father Benjamin Franklin has been featured on the obverse of the bill since 1914.[3] On the reverse of the banknote is an image of Independence Hall in Philadelphia, which has been used since 1928.[3] The $100 bill is the largest denomination that has been printed and circulated since July 13, 1969, when the denominations of $500, $1,000, $5,000, and $10,000 were retired.[4] The Bureau of Engraving and Printing says the average life of a $100 bill in circulation is 90 months (7.5 years) before it is replaced due to wear and tear.

The bills are also commonly referred to as "Bens," "Benjamins," or "Franklins," in reference to the use of Benjamin Franklin's portrait on the denomination, as "C-Notes," based on the Roman numeral for 100, or as "blue faces," based on the blue tint of Benjamin Franklin's face in the bill's current design. The bill is one of two denominations printed today that does not feature a President of the United States; the other is the $10 bill, featuring Alexander Hamilton. It is also the only denomination today to feature a building not located in Washington, D.C., that being Independence Hall located in Philadelphia on the reverse. The time on the clock of Independence Hall on the reverse, according to the U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing, showed approximately 4:10[5] on the older contemporary notes and 10:30 on the newer colorized notes.

The Series 2009 $100 bill redesign was unveiled on April 21, 2010, and was issued to the public on October 8, 2013.[6] The new bill costs 12.6 cents to produce and has a blue ribbon woven into the center of the currency with "100" and Liberty Bells, alternating, that appear when the bill is tilted.

As of June 30, 2012, the $100 bill comprised 77% of all US currency in circulation.[7] Federal Reserve data from 2017 showed that the number of $100 bills exceeded the number of $1 bills. However, a 2018 research paper by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago estimated that 80 percent of $100 bills were in other countries. Possible reasons included economic instability that affected other currencies, and use of the bills for criminal activities.[8]

History[]

Large size notes[]

(approximately 7.4218 × 3.125 in ≅ 189 × 79 mm)

1863 $100 Legal Tender note The first $100 Gold Certificates were issued with a bald eagle to the left and large green 100 in the middle of the obverse.
1880 $100 Legal Tender (1869 version) A new $100 United States Note was issued with a portrait of Abraham Lincoln on the left of the obverse and an allegorical figure representing architecture on the right.
Series 1878 $100 silver certificate The first $100 silver certificate was issued with a portrait of James Monroe on the left side of the obverse.
1914 $100 Federal Reserve Note The first $100 Federal Reserve Note was issued with a portrait of Benjamin Franklin on the obverse and allegorical figures representing labor, plenty, America, peace, and commerce on the reverse.
1922 $100 Gold Certificate The Series of 1880 Gold Certificate was re-issued with an obligation to the right of the bottom-left serial number on the obverse.

Small size notes[]

(6.14 × 2.61 in ≅ 157 × 66 mm)

Both views (obverse and reverse) of the Series 1934 $100 Gold Certificate.
Front of a Series 1966 $100 United States note.
Obverse of a Series 2006A $100 note.
Joseph-Siffred Duplessis portrait of Benjamin Franklin used on the $100 bill from 1929 until 1996.
H.B.Hall engraving of Joseph-Siffred Duplessis portrait of an older Benjamin Franklin used on the $100 bill 1996 onward.
Comparison between a Series 1990 note and a 2013 note.

Series dates[]

Small size[]

Type Series Register Treasurer Seal
National Bank Note Types 1 & 2 1929 Jones Woods Brown
Federal Reserve Bank Note 1928A Jones Woods Brown
Type Series Treasurer Secretary Seal
Gold Certificate 1928 Woods Mellon Gold
Legal Tender Note 1966 Granahan Fowler Red
Legal Tender Note 1966A Elston Kennedy Red
Federal Reserve Note 1928 Woods Mellon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1928A Woods Mellon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934 Julian Morgenthau Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934A Julian Morgenthau Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934B Julian Vinson Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934C Julian Snyder Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934D Clark Snyder Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950 Clark Snyder Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950A Priest Humphrey Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950B Priest Anderson Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950C Smith Dillon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950D Granahan Dillon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950E Granahan Fowler Green
Federal Reserve Note 1963A Granahan Fowler Green
Federal Reserve Note 1969 Elston Kennedy Green
Federal Reserve Note 1969A Kabis Connally Green
Federal Reserve Note 1969C Bañuelos Shultz Green
Federal Reserve Note 1974 Neff Simon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1977 Morton Blumenthal Green
Federal Reserve Note 1981 Buchanan Regan Green
Federal Reserve Note 1981A Ortega Regan Green
Federal Reserve Note 1985 Ortega Baker Green
Federal Reserve Note 1988 Ortega Brady Green
Federal Reserve Note 1990 Villalpando Brady Green
Federal Reserve Note 1993 Withrow Bentsen Green
Federal Reserve Note 1996 Withrow Rubin Green
Federal Reserve Note 1999 Withrow Summers Green
Federal Reserve Note 2001 Marin O'Neill Green
Federal Reserve Note 2003 Marin Snow Green
Federal Reserve Note 2003A Cabral Snow Green
Federal Reserve Note 2006 Cabral Paulson Green
Federal Reserve Note 2006A Cabral Paulson Green
Federal Reserve Note 2009 Rios Geithner Green
Federal Reserve Note 2009A Rios Geithner Green
Federal Reserve Note 2013 Rios Lew Green
Federal Reserve Note 2017A Carranza Mnuchin Green

Removal of large denomination bills ($500 and up)[]

The Federal Reserve announced the removal of large denominations of United States currency from circulation on July 14, 1969. The one-hundred-dollar bill was the largest denomination left in circulation. All the Federal Reserve Notes produced from Series 1928 up to before Series 1969 (i.e. 1928, 1928A, 1934, 1934A, 1934B, 1934C, 1934D, 1950, 1950A, 1950B, 1950C, 1950D, 1950E, 1963, 1966, 1966A) of the $100 denomination added up to $23.1708 billion.[13] Since some banknotes had been destroyed, and the population was 200 million at the time, there was less than one $100 banknote per capita circulating.

As of June 30, 1969, the U.S. coins and banknotes in circulation of all denominations were worth $50.936 billion of which $4.929 billion was circulating overseas.[14] So the currency and coin circulating within the United States was $230 per capita. Since 1969, the demand for U.S. currency has greatly increased. The total amount of circulating currency and coin passed one trillion dollars in March 2011.

Despite the degradation in the value of the U.S. $100 banknote (which was worth about $697.19 in 1969), and despite competition from some more valuable foreign notes (most notably, the 500 euro banknote), there are no plans to re-issue banknotes above $100. The widespread use of electronic means to conduct high-value transactions today has made large-scale physical cash transactions obsolete and therefore, from the government's point of view, unnecessary for the conduct of legitimate business. Quoting T. Allison, Assistant to the Board of the Federal Reserve System in his October 8, 1998 testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives, Subcommittee on Domestic and International Monetary Policy, Committee on Banking and Financial Services:

There are public policies against reissuing the $500 note, mainly because many of those efficiency gains, such as lower shipment and storage costs, would accrue not only to legitimate users of bank notes but also to money launderers, tax evaders and a variety of other lawbreakers who use currency in their criminal activity. While it is not at all clear that the volume of illegal drugs sold or the amount of tax evasion would necessarily increase just as a consequence of the availability of a larger dollar denomination bill, it no doubt is the case that if wrongdoers were provided with an easier mechanism to launder their funds and hide their profits, enforcement authorities could have a harder time detecting certain illicit transactions occurring in cash.[15]

References[]

  1. ^ "Currency Facts". uscurrency.gov. U.S. Currency Education Program. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  2. ^ Barbara Maranzani (April 25, 2013). "It's All About the (New) Benjamins". history.com.
  3. ^ a b c Sandra Choron; Harry Choron (2011). Money: Everything You Never Knew About Your Favorite Thing to Find, Save, Spend & Covet. Chronicle Books. p. 208. ISBN 9781452105598.
  4. ^ "For Collectors: Large Denominations". Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Archived from the original on September 11, 2007. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  5. ^ "Money Facts". Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Archived from the original on 2012-03-10. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  6. ^ a b "Federal Reserve Announces Day of Issue of Redesigned $100 Note". uscurrency.gov. U.S. Currency Education Program. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  7. ^ Phillips, Matt (21 November 2012). "Why the share of $100 bills in circulation has been going up for over 40 years". Quartz. The Atlantic Media Company. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  8. ^ Telford, Taylor; Whalen, Jeanne (5 March 2019). "There are more $100 bills in circulation than $1 bills, and it makes no cents". News & Record. Retrieved 5 March 2019 – via The Washington Post.
  9. ^ USPaperMoney.Info: Series 1996 $100 July 1999
  10. ^ USPaperMoney.Info: Series 2006 $100 April 2012
  11. ^ Crane Currency. "MOTION Micro-Optics Banknote Security". Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  12. ^ uscurrency. "$100 Note Podcast Episode: 1". YouTube. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  13. ^ "US Paper Money information: Serial Number Ranges". USPaperMoney.Info. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  14. ^ "Some Tables of Historical U.S. Currency and Monetary Aggregates Data" (PDF). Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  15. ^ "Will Jumbo Euro Notes Threaten the Greenback?". U.S. House of Representatives. October 8, 1998. Retrieved 2012-04-06.

Further reading[]

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