United States five-dollar bill

Five dollars
(United States)
Value$5
Width6 9/64 inches ≈ 156 mm
Height2 39/64 inches ≈ 66.3 mm
Weight0.035 oz. ≈ 1[1] g
Security featuresSecurity fibers, watermark, security thread, micro printing, raised printing, EURion constellation
Material used75% cotton
25% linen
Years of printing1861–present
Obverse
US $5 Series 2006 obverse.jpg
DesignAbraham Lincoln
Design date2006
Reverse
US $5 Series 2006 reverse.jpg
DesignLincoln Memorial
Design date2006

The United States five-dollar bill ($5) is a denomination of United States currency. The current $5 bill features the 16th U.S. President (1861-1865), Abraham Lincoln's portrait on the front and the Lincoln Memorial on the back. All $5 bills issued today are Federal Reserve Notes.

The $5 bill is sometimes nicknamed a "fin". The term has German/Yiddish roots and is remotely related to the English "five", but it is far less common today than it was in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.[2]

As of December 2018, the average life of a $5 bill in circulation is 4.7 years before it is replaced due to wear.[3] Approximately 6% of all paper currency produced by the U.S. Treasury's Bureau of Engraving and Printing in 2009 were $5 bills.[4]

Current design[]

Mathew Brady portrait of Lincoln taken on February 9, 1864, used for the current $5 bill.[5]


The redesigned $5 bill was unveiled on September 20, 2007, and was issued on March 13, 2008 during a ceremony at President Lincoln's Cottage.

Security Features[]

New and enhanced security features make it easier to check the new $5 bill and more difficult for potential counterfeiters to reproduce. The redesigned $5 bill has:

The reverse of the five-dollar bill has two rectangular strips that are blanked out when viewed in the infrared spectrum, as seen in this image taken by an infrared camera.

The five dollar bill lacks the optically variable ink of higher denomination US bills.

Design features[]

The new $5 bills remain the same size and use the same—but enhanced—portraits and historical images. The most noticeable difference is the light-purple coloring of the center of the bill, which blends into gray near the edges.

Similar to the recently redesigned $10, $20, $50, and $100 bills, the new $5 bill features an American symbol of freedom printed in the background: The Great Seal of the United States, featuring an eagle and shield, is printed in purple to the right of the portrait and an arc of purple stars surround both it and the portrait.

When the Lincoln Memorial was constructed the names of 48 states were engraved on it. The picture of the Lincoln Memorial on the $5 bill only contains the names of 26 states. These are the 26 states that can be seen on the front side of the Lincoln memorial which is what is pictured on the $5 bill.

On the back of the bill, a larger, purple numeral "5" appears in the lower right corner to help those with visual impairments to distinguish the denomination. This large "5" also includes the words "USA FIVE" in tiny white letters.

The oval borders around President Lincoln's portrait on the front, and the Lincoln Memorial vignette on the back have been removed. Both engravings have been enhanced.

Redesign[]

On April 20, 2016, Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew announced that the $5, $10, and $20 would all undergo redesign prior to 2020. The changes would add new features to combat counterfeiting and make them easier for blind citizens to distinguish. Lew said that while Lincoln would remain on the obverse, the reverse would be redesigned to depict various historical events that had occurred at the Lincoln Memorial. Among the planned designs are images from Martin Luther King Jr. giving his 1963 speech "I Have a Dream" and the 1939 concert by opera singer Marian Anderson.[7] As of January 2021, the Treasury has continued work on the $20 bill; the redesigns of the $5 and $10 were not mentioned.[8]

Large size note history[]

1862 $5 Legal Tender note
1880 $5 Legal Tender
1891 $5 Silver Certificate depicting Ulysses S. Grant.
1896 $5 Silver Certificate from the "Educational Series".

(approximately 7.4218 × 3.125 in ≅ 189 × 79 mm)

had red or blue seals.

Small size note history[]

(6.14 × 2.61 in ≅ 156 × 66 mm)

The first small-size $5 United States Note printed (Smithsonian).
The first 1953 $5 Silver Certificate printed (Smithsonian).

Series dates[]

Small size[]

Type Series Register Treasurer Seal
National Bank Note Types 1 & 2 1929 Jones Woods Brown
Federal Reserve Bank Note 1929 Jones Woods Brown
Type Series Treasurer Secretary Seal
Legal Tender Note 1928 Woods Mellon Red
Legal Tender Note 1928A Woods Mills Red
Legal Tender Note 1928B Julian Morgenthau Red
Legal Tender Note 1928C Julian Morgenthau Red
Legal Tender Note 1928D Julian Vinson Red
Legal Tender Note 1928E Julian Snyder Red
Legal Tender Note 1928F Clark Snyder Red
Legal Tender Note 1953 Priest Humphrey Red
Legal Tender Note 1953A Priest Anderson Red
Legal Tender Note 1953B Smith Dillon Red
Legal Tender Note 1953C Granahan Dillon Red
Legal Tender Note 1963 Granahan Dillon Red
Silver Certificate 1934 Julian Morgenthau Blue
Silver Certificate 1934A Julian Morgenthau Blue
Silver Certificate 1934A North Africa Julian Morgenthau Yellow
Silver Certificate 1934B Julian Vinson Blue
Silver Certificate 1934C Julian Snyder Blue
Silver Certificate 1934D Clark Snyder Blue
Silver Certificate 1953 Priest Humphrey Blue
Silver Certificate 1953A Priest Anderson Blue
Silver Certificate 1953B Smith Dillon Blue
Federal Reserve Note 1928 Tate Mellon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1928A Woods Mellon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1928B Woods Mellon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1928C Woods Mills Green
Federal Reserve Note 1928D Woods Woodin Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934 Julian Morgenthau Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934 Hawaii Julian Morgenthau Brown
Federal Reserve Note 1934A Julian Morgenthau Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934A Hawaii Julian Morgenthau Brown
Federal Reserve Note 1934B Julian Vinson Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934C Julian Snyder Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934D Clark Snyder Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950 Clark Snyder Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950A Priest Humphrey Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950B Priest Anderson Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950C Smith Dillon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950D Granahan Dillon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950E Granahan Fowler Green
Federal Reserve Note 1963 Granahan Dillon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1963A Granahan Fowler Green
Federal Reserve Note 1969 Elston Kennedy Green
Federal Reserve Note 1969A Kabis Connally Green
Federal Reserve Note 1969B Bañuelos Connally Green
Federal Reserve Note 1969C Bañuelos Shultz Green
Federal Reserve Note 1974 Neff Simon Green
Federal Reserve Note 1977 Morton Blumenthal Green
Federal Reserve Note 1977A Morton Miller Green
Federal Reserve Note 1981 Buchanan Regan Green
Federal Reserve Note 1981A Ortega Regan Green
Federal Reserve Note 1985 Ortega Baker Green
Federal Reserve Note 1988 Ortega Brady Green
Federal Reserve Note 1988A Villalpando Brady Green
Federal Reserve Note 1993 Withrow Bentsen Green
Federal Reserve Note 1995 Withrow Rubin Green
Federal Reserve Note 1999 Withrow Summers Green
Federal Reserve Note 2001 Marin O'Neill Green
Federal Reserve Note 2003 Marin Snow Green
Federal Reserve Note 2003A Cabral Snow Green
Federal Reserve Note 2006 Cabral Paulson Green
Federal Reserve Note 2009 Rios Geithner Green
Federal Reserve Note 2013 Rios Lew Green
Federal Reserve Note 2017A Carranza Mnuchin Green

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ "Currency Facts". uscurrency.gov. U.S. Currency Education Program. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  2. ^ "5 Currency Facts You Probably Didn't Know About the US $5 Dollar Bill | Currency Exchange International, Corp". www.ceifx.com. Retrieved 2020-01-16.
  3. ^ "The Fed - FAQs".
  4. ^ "Money Facts". Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Archived from the original on 2005-12-06.
  5. ^ Fred L. Reed III. "New $5 Image Likely to Be Iconic". NumiMaster. Archived from the original on 27 February 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2015.
  6. ^ "uscurrency.gov.gov - The Redesigned $5 Note". US Currency Education Program.
  7. ^ "Anti-slavery activist Harriet Tubman to replace Jackson on $20 bill".
  8. ^ Dishman, Lydia (January 25, 2021). "Harriet Tubman will finally replace Andrew Jackson as the face of the $20 bill". Fast Company. Retrieved January 30, 2021.
  9. ^ "USPaperMoney.Info: Series 1993 $5". www.uspapermoney.info.
  10. ^ "USPaperMoney.Info: Series 1999 $5". www.uspapermoney.info.
  11. ^ "USPaperMoney.Info: Series 2006 $5". www.uspapermoney.info.

External links[]