United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues

United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
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United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues Logo.png
AbbreviationUNPFII, PFII
Formation28 July 2000; 18 years ago (2000-07-28)
TypeIntergovernmental organization, Regulatory body, Advisory board
Legal statusActive
HeadquartersNew York, USA
Head
Chair of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
Mariam Wallet Mohamed Aboubakrine
Parent organization
United Nations Economic and Social Council
WebsitePFII on www.un.org
UN emblem blue.svg United Nations portal
Plenary meeting of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, held at United Nations Headquarters in New York.

The United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII or PFII) is the UN's central coordinating body for matters relating to the concerns and rights of the world's indigenous peoples. "Indigenous person" means native, original, first people and aboriginal. There are more than 370 million indigenous people in some 70 countries worldwide. The forum is an advisory body within the framework of the United Nations System that reports to the UN's Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). The first indigenous to be elected to office at a United Nations meeting was Chief Ted Moses of the Grand Council of the Crees in Canada, in 1989.

History[]

Maria Eugenia Choque Quispe, a member of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, speaks at the body's 2015 session.

The creation of the Permanent Forum was discussed at the 1993 World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna, Austria. The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action recommended that such a forum should be established within the first United Nations International Decade of the World's Indigenous Peoples. [1]

A working group was formed and various other meetings took place that led to the establishment of the permanent forum by Economic and Social Council Resolution 2000/22 on 28 July 2000. [2]

How it works[]

The Forum is an advisory body to the Economic and Social Council. It submits recommendations to the Council on issues related to indigenous peoples. It holds a two-week session each year which takes place at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City but it could also take place in Geneva or any other place as decided by the forum.

Mandate[]

The mandate of the Forum is to discuss indigenous issues related to economic and social development, culture, the environment, education, health and human rights. The forum is to: [3][4]

Members[]

The Forum is composed of 16 independent experts, functioning in their personal capacity, who are appointed to three-year terms. At the end of their term, they can be re-elected or re-appointed for one additional term.

Of these 16 members, eight are nominated by the member governments and eight directly nominated by indigenous organizations. Those nominated by the governments are then elected to office by the Economic and Social Council based on the five regional groupings of the United Nations. Whereas those nominated by indigenous organisations are appointed by the President of the Economic and Social Council and represent the seven socio-cultural regions for broad representation of the world's indigenous peoples. [4]

Members of the Permanent Forum, January 2017 to December 2019 [5]

Country of Origin Member Region Nominated By Notes
 Mali Mariam Wallet Aboubakrine Africa Indigenous Peoples’ Organisations Chair of the Permanent Forum
 Finland Anne Nuorgam Arctic Indigenous Peoples’ Organisations Vice-Chair of the Permanent Forum
 China Zhang Xiaoan Asia-Pacific States Governments Vice-Chair of the Permanent Forum
 Russian Federation Dmitrii Kharakka-Zaitsev Central and Eastern Europe, Russian Federation, Central Asia and Transcaucasia Indigenous Peoples’ Organisations Vice-Chair of the Permanent Forum
 Peru Tarcila Rivera Zea Latin American and Caribbean States Governments Vice-Chair of the Permanent Forum
 United States of America Brian Keane Western Europe and Other States Governments Rapporteur of the Permanent Forum
 Russian Federation Aisa Mukabenova Eastern Europe States Governments
 Denmark Jens Dahl Western Europe and Other States Governments
 United Republic of Tanzania Elifuraha Laltaika Africa Indigenous Peoples’ Organizations
 Cameroon Gervais Nzoa African States Governments
 Australia Les Malezer Pacific Indigenous Peoples’ Organizations
 Ecuador Lourdes Tibán Guala Central and South America and the Caribbean Indigenous Peoples’ Organizations
   Nepal Phoolman Chaudhary Asia Indigenous Peoples’ Organizations
 Mexico Jesus Guadalupe Fuentes Blanco Latin America and Caribbean States Governments
 United States of America Terri Henry North America Indigenous Peoples’ Organizations
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Seyed Moshen Emadi Asia-Pacific States Governments

Sessions[]

To date, seventeen sessions have been held, all at UN Headquarters, New York: [6]

Session Dates Theme
First Session 12 – 24 May 2002
Second Session 11 – 23 May 2003 "Indigenous Children and Youth"
Third Session 10 – 21 May 2004 “Indigenous Women”
Fourth Session 16 – 27 May 2005 “Millennium Development Goals and Indigenous Peoples with a focus on Goal 1 to Eradicate Poverty and Extreme Hunger, and Goal 2 to achieve universal primary education”
Fifth Session 15 – 26 May 2006 “The Millennium Development Goals and indigenous peoples: Re-defining the Millennium Development Goals”
Sixth Session 14 – 25 May 2007 “Territories, Lands and Natural Resources”
Seventh Session 21 April – 2 May 2008 “Climate change, bio-cultural diversity and livelihoods: the stewardship role of indigenous peoples and new challenges”
Eight Session 18 – 29 May 2009
Ninth Session 19 – 30 April 2010 “Indigenous peoples: development with culture and identity articles 3 and 32 of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples”
Tenth Session 16 – 27 May 2011
Eleventh Session 7 – 18 May 2012 “The Doctrine of Discovery: its enduring impact on indigenous peoples and the right to redress for past conquests (articles 28 and 37 of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples)”
Twelfth Session 20 – 31 May 2013
Thirteenth Session 12 – 23 May 2014 “Principles of good governance consistent with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: articles 3 to 6 and 46”
Fourteenth Session 20 April – 1 May 2015
Fifteenth Session 9 – 20 May 2016 “Indigenous peoples: conflict, peace and resolution”
Sixteenth Session 24 April – 5 May 2017 “Tenth Anniversary of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: measures taken to implement the Declaration”
Seventeenth Session 16 – 27 April 2018 “Indigenous peoples’ collective rights to lands, territories and resources”

Secretariat[]

The Secretariat of the PFII was established by the General Assembly in 2002 with Resolution 57/191. [7] It is based in the New York within the Division for Inclusive Social Development (DISD) of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). [8] The Secretariat, among other things, prepares the annual sessions of the Forum, provides support and assistance to the Forum's members, promotes awareness of indigenous issues within the UN system, governments and the public, and serves as a source of information and a coordination point for indigenous-related efforts.

International Decade of the World's Indigenous People[]

First Decade[]

The first International Decade of the World's Indigenous People "Indigenous People: Partnership in Action" (1995–2004) was proclaimed by General Assembly resolution 48/163 with the main objective of strengthening international cooperation for the solution of problems faced by indigenous peoples in areas such as human rights, environment, development, health and education. [9]

Second Decade[]

The Second International Decade of the World's Indigenous People "Partnership for Action and Dignity" (2005–2015) was proclaimed by the General Assembly at its 59th session, and the programme of action was adopted at the 60th session. [10]

Its objectives are:

Regional groupings[]

To ensure diversity, the Forum's 16 Members are elected from different regions depending on who nominated them: [4]

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action A/CONF.157/23 12 July 1993. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  2. ^ United Nations Economic and Social Council Resolution 22. Establishment of a Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues E/RES/2000/22 28 July 2000. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  3. ^ "Permanent Forum". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  4. ^ a b c "Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  5. ^ "Members of the Permanent Forum". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  6. ^ "Sessions". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  7. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 57 Resolution 191. Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues A/RES/57/191 18 December 2002. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Contact Us". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  9. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 48 Resolution 163. International Decade of the World's Indigenous People A/RES/48/163 21 December 1993. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  10. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 59 Resolution 174. Second International Decade of the World's Indigenous People A/RES/59/174 20 December 2004. Retrieved 16 November 2018.

External links[]