Ukrzaliznytsia

Ukrainian Railways
Укрзалізниця
State-owned enterprise
IndustryRailway transportation,
intermodal freight transport
Founded1861 (Russian Imperial Railways)
1917 (Soviet Railways)
1991 (Ukrainian Railways)
Headquarters5, Tvirska street,
Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680 [1]
Number of locations
1,700 stations and halts
Area served
Ukraine
Key people
Volodymyr Zhmak (CEO)[2]
ProductsRail transport services (passenger & cargo)
RevenueGreen Arrow Up.svg 20.06 billion (2017)[3]
Green Arrow Up.svg 114 million (2017)[4]
OwnerUkraine (100%)
Number of employees
403,000 (2011)
ParentMinistry of Infrastructure
Divisions6 branches (Kyiv, Donetsk, Lviv, Odesa, Kharkiv, Dnipro)
WebsiteOfficial website

Ukrainian Railways (Ukrainian: Укрзалізниця, Ukrzaliznytsia) is a state-owned enterprise of rail transport in Ukraine, a monopoly that controls the vast majority of the railroad transportation in the country.[nb 1] It possesses a combined total track length of over 23,000 km, making it the 13th largest in the world. Ukrainian Railways is also the world's 6th largest rail passenger transporter and world's 7th largest freight transporter.

In 2015 Ukrainian Railways transformed through a merger of a state agency and a state-owned enterprise into a public joint stock company owned by state. Ukraine's State Administration of Railroad Transportation is subordinated to the Ministry of Infrastructure,[nb 2] administering the railways through the six territorial railway companies that immediately control and provide of all aspects of the railroad transportation and maintenance under the common Ukrzaliznytsia brand. The general director of the administration is appointed by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.[5] The gauge is 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in).

The administration employs more than 403,000 people throughout the country.

Company structure and subsidiaries[]

Financial situation[]

In 2008 the Ukrainian State Railways transported around 498.5 million tonnes of domestic freight and 69.8 million tonnes of international freight through Ukrainian territory. Freight transport figures were particularly high on transport Routes 3, 5 and 9, which saw a combined total of 105 million tonnes carried in 2008. Further, Ukrzaliznytsia served around 518.8 million passengers over the course of the year. The state railways ran with an annual consolidated budget of a little more than 40 billion ₴ (US$5 billion) in 2008.

By the end of 2005 the railways had produced a profit equivalent to 1.76 billion ₴ (US$220 million) from all their operations including freight, passenger service, associated services and the operation of subsidiaries. The total capital invested in fixed assets of the State Railways is thought to be equivalent to around 22 billion ₴ (US$4.4 billion). However, depreciation of these fixed assets is estimated to be around 57%, or in terms of rolling stock, closer to 66.7%.

In 2019, Ukrainian Railway confirms intention to issue new Eurobond. Ukrainian Railway (RAILUA) has the potential to increase its debt by US$1 billion, indicating a possible Eurobond issue. Recall, Ukrainian Railway's existing US$500 million Eurobond will be amortized by US$150M both in March and September 2019 and then by US$50M semi-annually between March 2020 and September 2021. He also confirmed that Ukrainian Railway is now considering a Eurobond issue, on which he can further comment as soon as the government publishes a respective resolution (on its parameters). Kravtsov also highlighted that it's important for investors to have a clear understanding on how the borrowing will be serviced. Taking this into account, Ukrainian Railway has proposed a mechanism of automatic adjustment of freight railway rates based on Ukraine's producer price index.[6]

Ukrainian State Railways (Ukrzaliznytsia) is the fourth company of the most profitable companies in Ukraine with a revenue of UAH 74 billion.[7]

Administrative structure[]

Subdivisions of Ukrainian Railways

The railways are split into six territorial railway companies: Donetsk, Lviv, Odessa, Southern, South-Western and Near-Dnipro. The subdivision is purely administrative as it doesn't correspond to the particular railway lines or branches. The names of regional railways are purely historic, inherited from the Russian and Austro-Hungarian Empires (for instance the 'South-Western Railway' actually operates the north-central part of Ukraine's rail network, while the 'Southern Railway' actually operates in the east of the country).

The six separate territorial railways each have their own directorates, located in the following cities:

  1. Donetsk RailwayLyman (temporarily as Donetsk occupied by Russian military)
  2. Lviv RailwayLviv
  3. Odessa RailwayOdessa
  4. Southern RailwayKharkiv
  5. Southwestern RailwayKyiv
  6. Cisdnieper RailwayDnipro
    1. Crimea Railway (the Cisdnieper's division has been business raided by the Russian Federation)

The territorial railways are further divided into several territorial administrations, usually four or five. Such division helps in the assignment of commuter railway lines depending on location.

Infrastructure[]

Electrification systems in Europe:
  non-electrified
1) High-speed lines in France, Spain, Italy, United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium and Turkey operate under 25 kV, as high power lines in the former Soviet Union as well.

The full extent of railways administrated by Ukrzaliznytsia is currently around 22,300 km, of which 9,752 km (44.3%) is fully electrified with the use of the overhead wire. The network is fully interconnected, central-dispatched and consists of 1,648 stations of all sizes spread throughout the country. The largest stations are Nyzhnodniprovsk-Vuzol (in the city of Dnipro) and Darnytsia (in the capital Kyiv) – both freight.

Types of stations[]

Railway stations also have five classes depending on their general performance. Some stations may be named as railway stop, platform number, passing loop (Ukrainian: роз'їзд) or simply kilometer post.

Stations[]

Infrastructure projects[]

Beskydy-tunnel[]

The tunnel was inaugurated im May 2018, serving as the most important rail link between Ukraine and the pan-European railway network, handling 60% of Ukraine-EU freight traffic. The project was supported by the European Union, the European Investment Bank (EIB), and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).[8] The new tunnel more than doubles the output on the line, to 100 trains from the previous 45, and allows a speed increase from 40 km/h to 70 km/h.[9]

Kyiv – Vasilkov electrification project[]

In 2021 the electrification of the track section Vasilkov 1 – Vasilkov 2 is planned, which will enable the launch of electric suburban rail between Kyiv and Vasilkov. The project involves the reconstruction of the Boyarka electrical substation, track works and a new passenger platform[10]

Zhitomir – Novograd-Volynsky line upgrade[]

In 2021, the line between Zhitomir and Novograd-Volynsky is planned to be modernized and electrified.[11][12]

Kyiv – Cherkassy electrification[]

The project envisages the electrification of the 30km section between Taras Shevchenko (Smila) and Cherkasy stations, which is the only non-electrified section between Cherkasy and Kyiv. The project will enable the launch of INTERCITY+ services between Kyiv and Cherkasy, reducing travel time from 3 hours 41 minutes to 2 hours and 45 minutes.[13] Ukrainian Railways plans to carry out service using Skoda City Elephant EJ675 double decker electric multiple units.[14]

Rolling stock[]

A typical Ukrainian CHS2K locomotive, hauling a long-distance passenger service.
Electric locomotive DE1, built in Ukraine after fall of the Soviet Union

Ukrzaliznytsia has several repair factories capable of producing locomotives and railcars. In addition there is a separate Kryukiv Railcar Engineering Factory and Dnieper Railcar Engineering that also produce railroad rolling stock for Ukrzaliznytsia and other companies for public transportation.

D1 diesel multiple unit near Khust

In November 2010, UZ agreed to buy 10 high-speed HRCS2 multiple unit interurban trainsets from Hyundai Rotem, with the prospect of a much larger order or joint venture for local production.[15] The first two trains would be delivered in February 2012, two more in April and another two in May, when they will start operating.[16][needs update] They will be rated as Inter City+ and will be connecting Kyiv with Kharkiv, Donetsk and Lviv, and at a later stage with Dnipro and Odesa.[17][needs update]

In July 2011 UZ announced plans to buy 433 electric freight locomotives; 292 2EL4s from Transmashholding, and 141 locomotives (including class VL11M/6) from Elmavalmshenebeli (Tbilisi).[18] Due to the 2014 Russian invasion of Ukraine Transmashholding was put on a sanctions list.[19]

Because of the War in Donbass, some factories that were producing locomotives and railcars were lost, such as Luhanskteplovoz (Luhansk Diesel Locomotive) and Stakhanov Railcar Engineering.

In December 2017, UZ and GE Transportation agreed a to strategic partnership for the implementation of a 7-year rolling stock renewal program including the delivery of 30 locomotives to Ukrzaliznytsia in September 2018 with 40% manufactured in Ukraine.[20]

Diesel and electric multiple units[]

Image Type Number Manufacturer Service
Hyundai Rotem HRCS2.JPG HYUNDAI Rotem HRCS2 10 Hyundai Rotem Intercity+
Trainset EJ675-01 2016 G2.jpg Skoda EJ 675 2 Škoda Transportation Intercity+
EKr1-001.jpg EKr1 "Tarpan" 2 Kryukiv Railway Car Building Works Intercity+
DPKr3-001 at Kiev-Passenger station (1).jpg DPKr-3 1 Kryukiv Railway Car Building Works Regional
DPKr2-001.jpg DPKr-2 1 Kryukiv Railway Car Building Works Regional
Kyiv Boryspil Express in Darnica.jpg Pesa 620m 11 Pesa Bydgoszcz Regional / Kyiv Boryspil Express
EPL9T-015.jpg EPL9T 15 Luhanskteplovoz Suburban
Locomotive EPL2T on train station in Donetsk.jpg EPL2T 35 Luhanskteplovoz Suburban
2005-08-16 Nizhyn 342.JPG EP9 Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca Suburban / Regional
ER2T-7119.jpg EP2 250+ Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca Suburban / Regional
Id er1-54.jpg EP1 Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca Suburban / Regional
Дизель-поезд ДР1А Киев-Днепровский депо Вышгород P7264223.JPG DP1 Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca Suburban / Regional
TrainD1-801.jpeg D1 40+ Ganz Works Suburban / Regional

Rolling stock renewal[]

Passenger cars[]

The draft state budget for 2021 includes the purchasing of 100 new passenger cars from the Kryukiv Railway Car Building Works.[21]

Locomotives[]

In 2018 Ukrainian Railways purchased 30 General Electric TE33AC Trident freight diesel locomotives.[22] The 30 locomotives were planned to be the first stage of wider cooperation, including a 15-year partnership, and the replacement and modernization of additional Ukrainian rolling stock.[23] Later in 2020, Ukrainian Railways CEO Volodymyr Zhmak stated that he does not see the need for further GE diesel locomotives, as the company will focus on electric traction due to its higher efficiency.[24]

Following the appointment of Volodymyr Zhmak as CEO, UAH 400 million was reallocated within the company for urgent locomotive repairs until the end of 2020.[25] As a part of this measure, the Lviv Locomotive Repair Plant has already received an order for the repair of 6 electric locomotives until the end of 2020.[26]

In 2021, UAH 4,7 billion is planned to be spent on repairing the existing locomotive fleet.[27]

As of 2020, Alstom is interested in the renewal of the Ukrainian Railways locomotive fleet through partial localization of production. Volodymyr Zhmak stated that Ukrainian Railways is initially interested in the purchase of 50 two-system electric freight locomotives.[28] The purchase of Alstom locomotives would be financed by the French government.[29]

Statistics[]

Most important numbers as of 2020:[30]

Company reform[]

Ukrainian Railways suffer from a variety of issues mostly inherited from Soviet times. The reforms aim to address these issues in order to improve quality of service, transparency and governance.

The law seeks to harmonize Ukrainian rail-related legislation with European Union law. It sets out the basic requirements, responsibilities and rights of the infrastructure operator, the carrier and the owners of access tracks, rules for infrastructure management, basic requirements for railway rolling stock, and basic activities of railway rolling stock operators. The bill also provides for the creation of a system of public administration in the field of railway safety in accordance with the requirements of European Union legislation, the implementation of which is provided by the Association Agreement, which will increase transport safety in conditions of competition in the railway market. According to the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine, the law, supported by European experts, serves as a starting point for real reforms in the industry.[32]

The company is to be separated into verticals in accordance with modern practices. This involves the creation of separate freight, passenger, production and infrastructure operators within Ukrainian Railways by the end of 2021.[33] According to the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine, the project will ensure the transparency of financial flows within the company, and improve the quality of management of each activity. This will allow Ukrainian Railways to prepare for the emergence of private competitors in the railway market.[32]

Classification of passenger trains (railway lines)[]

Railway lines are classified into commuter, regional, Intercity and EuroCity. Daytime trains are also distinguished into a separate class from those that run at night. Intercity lines are coded with single, double and triple digits. while commuter lines are coded with quadruple digits.

On 27 April 2011 in accordance with order No. 504/2011 rail industry specialists developed a new classification system of passenger trains for Ukrainian Railways.[34]

The development of a new classification system for passenger trains in Ukraine was made necessary by the need to inform customers (passengers) about the level of service quality they could expect to find in various passenger trains. The new system is based on the class of train and carriages.

Given the quality of the service provided UZ asked the following classes of passenger trains:

The advantages of the new classification system include full compliance with the classification of the European Union, compliance with Ukrainian and English names and abbreviations, linguistic and semantic consistency and clarity for customers in Ukraine and compatibility with existing and future tariff policy. The system is also not far displaced from the previous classification system used for passenger trains on the territory of Ukraine.

Subsidiaries and partners[]

Factories[]

Producing companies[]

Others[]

Rail links with adjacent countries[]

Education[]

The National Railway University in Dnipro currently has 10 faculties as well as a technical school, a business school and branches in Odesa and Lviv, 450 professors and 39 separate fields of study related to railway transport.

Directors[]

Ukrainian Railways' previous logo, used from 1998 to 2018
Ukrainian Railways' new logo on the train wagon
President
General director
Board director

See also[]

Notes[]

  1. ^ Except for intra-company industrial railways, local military railways and municipal Metro systems.
  2. ^ Previously, before December 2010 cabinet reform – to the Ministry of Transportation and Communication.

References[]

  1. ^ "Official website. Address (bottom of the page)". March 2017.
  2. ^ a b Govt appoints head of Boryspil airport's supervisory board Zhmak as Head of Ukrzaliznytsia, Interfax-Ukraine (26 August 2020)
  3. ^ http://uz.gov.ua/press_center/up_to_date_topic/470074/
  4. ^ http://www.uz.gov.ua/files/file/about/investors/%D0%9F%D0%90%D0%A2%20%D0%A3%D0%BA%D1%80%D0%B7%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%96%D0%B7%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%86%D1%8F%20%D0%9A%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%96%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B0%20%D1%84%D1%96%D0%BD%D0%B0%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%20%D0%B7%D0%B2%D1%96%D1%82%D0%BD%D1%96%D1%81%D1%82%D1%8C%202017%20%D0%B7%D1%96%20%D0%B7%D0%B2%D1%96%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%BC%20%D0%B0%D1%83%D0%B4%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B0.pdf
  5. ^ (in Ukrainian) "КАБІНЕТ МІНІСТРІВ УКРАЇНИ П О С Т А Н О В А від від 29 лютого 1996 р. N 262". Законодавство України. 21 November 2008.
  6. ^ "Ukrainian Railway confirms intention to issue new Eurobond". inventure.com.ua. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  7. ^ БизнесЦензор. "200 найбільших компаній України 2017 року". БизнесЦензор (in Russian). Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  8. ^ "Opening of Beskyd tunnel moves Ukraine closer to the EU". www.ebrd.com. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  9. ^ 2018-05-25T10:32:42+01:00. "Beskyd tunnel completed". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  10. ^ "В проект Бюджета-2021 заложена электрификация ж/д линии для запуска электричек Киев-Васильков". cfts.org.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  11. ^ "В проект Бюджета-2021 заложена электрификация ж/д линии для запуска электричек Киев-Васильков". cfts.org.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  12. ^ "Главные цифры госбюджета — как будут финансировать транспорт в 2021 году". Mintrans. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  13. ^ "Железнодорожная инфраструктура в проекте бюджета-2021: хорошие новости для Черкасс, Житомира и Василькова". nv.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  14. ^ "Двухэтажные поезда Skoda хотят пустить на маршрут Киев-Черкассы". cfts.org.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  15. ^ "UZ to order Korean trainsets". Railway Gazette. 17 November 2010.
  16. ^ "Six high-speed Hyundai trains to come to Ukraine by 10 May". Information сentre "Ukraine-2012". 7 February 2012.
  17. ^ "4 Hyundai Rotem trains to serve on the route Kyiv – Dnipropetrovsk, Kyiv – Odesa after EURO 2012". Context-Prichernomorie. 7 February 2012.
  18. ^ "Ukrainian Railways agrees locomotive orders worth €1·46bn". Railway Gazette. 3 August 2011.
  19. ^ Olekhov, Ihor (20 October 2016). "Ukraine Expands Sanctions against Russia". globalcompliancenews.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  20. ^ GE Transportation to deliver 30 locomotives to Ukrzaliznytsia in Sep 2018, UNIAN (4 December 2017)
  21. ^ "Проект госбюджета на 2021 год предполагает закупку 100 пассажирских вагонов для УЗ". cfts.org.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  22. ^ "Next Stop, Kyiv: Ukrainian Railways' $1 Billion Deal With GE Is Set To Dispatch Its Trains Into the Future | GE News". www.ge.com. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  23. ^ "Another 7 General Electric locomotives Trident arrive in Ukraine". Interfax-Ukraine. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  24. ^ "В УЗ не видят необходимости дальнейшей закупки американских тепловозов". cfts.org.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  25. ^ "На капремонт локомотивов "Укрзализныци" планируют направить почти 5 млрд грн в 2021 году". cfts.org.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  26. ^ "Владимир Жмак инспектирует Львовскую железную дорогу (фото)". cfts.org.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  27. ^ "На капремонт локомотивов "Укрзализныци" планируют направить почти 5 млрд грн в 2021 году". cfts.org.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  28. ^ "Может быть подписан договор на поставку электровозов Alstom для УЗ, - Аваков". cfts.org.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  29. ^ "Франция готова финансировать поставки локомотивов Alstom в Украину". cfts.org.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  30. ^ "Статистичні дані про Українські залізниці". Міністерство інфраструктури України (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  31. ^ https://cfts.org.ua/news/2020/10/15/stalo_izvestno_skolko_passazhirskikh_vagonov_est_u_ukrzaliznytsi_infografika_61278
  32. ^ a b "Реформи залізничного транспорту". Міністерство інфраструктури України (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  33. ^ "Разделение "Укрзализныци" на 4 вертикали проведут до конца 2021 года". cfts.org.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  34. ^ "Підготовлено проект нової системи класифікаці ї пасажирських поїздів". Укрзалізниці.
  35. ^ "Маршрути швидкісних поїздів у 2019 році. Інфографіка". www.ukrinform.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  36. ^ Cabinet appoints Polish citizen Wojciech Balczun head of Ukrzaliznytsia, Interfax-Ukraine (20 April 2016)
    One of Poland's most successful transport managers to chair Ukrainian Railways, Ukraine Today (12 April 2016)
  37. ^ a b Poland's Balczun sums up his work as Ukrzaliznytsia CEO, UNIAN (9 August 2017)
  38. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) "Ukrzaliznytsia" was temporarily headed by Marček Zhelko, UNIAN (5 February 2020)
  39. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) Cabinet replaces Ukrzaliznytsia interim chief, Ukrayinska Pravda (15 April 2020)

External links[]