Ugandan general election, 2006

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General elections were held in Uganda on 23 February 2006. They were the first multi-party elections since President Yoweri Museveni took over power in 1986, and followed a referendum the previous year on scrapping the ban on party politics.

Museveni ran for a second re-election as the National Resistance Movement (NRM) candidate. His main opponent was the leader of the Forum for Democratic Change, Kizza Besigye. Besigye was arrested on 14 November 2005 on allegations of treason, concealment of treason, and rape. The treason case included his alleged links to the rebel groups, Lord's Resistance Army and People's Redemption Army, and the rape charge referred to an incident in November 1997 allegedly involving the daughter of a friend. The arrest led to demonstrations and riots in Kampala and towns around the country. Pro-Besigye protesters believed the charges were fabricated to stop Besigye from challenging Museveni.

The result of the presidential election was a victory for Museveni, who received 59 percent of the vote; Besigye took 37 percent. In the parliamentary elections the NRM won 213 of the 319 seats.

Campaign[]

Justice Forum leader Muhammad Kibirige Mayanja and Conservative Party's Ken Lukyamuzi decided not to contest, but said they would support a joint candidate agreed to by the "Group of Six"[1] opposition political parties. Independent candidate Nasser Sebaggala registered, but later decided to quit the presidential race, and asked his supporters to vote for the DP's Kizito.

Conduct[]

The elections were marred by controversy, with the government accused of intimidating opposition parties.[2] This included the arrest and detention of Besigye.[3]

Results[]

President[]

Candidate Party Votes %
Yoweri Museveni National Resistance Movement 4,109,449 59.26
Kizza Besigye Forum for Democratic Change 2,592,954 37.39
John Ssebaana Kizito Democratic Party 109,583 1.58
Abed Bwanika Independent 65,874 0.95
Miria Obote Uganda People's Congress 57,071 0.82
Invalid/blank votes 295,525
Total 7,230,456 100
Registered voters/turnout 10,450,788 69.19
Source: African Elections Database

By district[]

District Bwanika Besigye Obote Kizito Museveni Registered
voters
Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes %
Adjumani District 779 2.38 19,919 60.75 165 0.5 648 1.98 11,277 34.39 49,447
Amolatar District 304 1.23 16,462 66.44 440 1.78 460 1.86 7,112 28.7 33,020
Amuria District 1,063 2.46 33,602 77.73 594 1.37 709 1.64 7,260 16.79 65,691
Apac District 3,335 2.1 115,840 72.81 11,019 6.93 3,272 2.06 25,625 16.11 240,639
Arua District 4,435 2.45 103,133 56.95 2,158 1.19 3,941 2.18 67,436 37.24 281,954
Bugiri District 1,091 0.93 39,632 33.88 771 0.66 1,026 0.88 74,457 63.65 177,525
Bukwa District 114 0.66 1,286 7.39 36 0.21 90 0.52 15,865 91.23 23,925
Bundibugyo District 1,102 1.9 10,691 18.41 363 0.63 1,169 2.01 44,735 77.05 89,035
Bushenyi District 1,082 0.47 51,050 22.14 299 0.13 1,212 0.53 176,909 76.73 308,013
Busia District 896 1.19 28,817 38.17 872 1.16 885 1.17 44,020 58.31 111,091
Butaleja District 608 1.26 17,176 35.64 919 1.91 459 0.95 29,026 60.23 69,822
Gulu District 2,406 1.89 104,910 82.37 1,423 1.12 1,793 1.41 16,827 13.21 215,953
Hoima District 663 0.71 14,697 15.77 312 0.33 545 0.58 76,952 82.59 133,384
Ibanda District 198 0.31 6,734 10.52 55 0.09 281 0.44 56,726 88.64 87,951
Iganga District 1,021 0.57 52,459 29.26 729 0.41 1,075 0.6 124,025 69.17 286,740
Isingiro District 322 0.29 14,745 13.33 103 0.09 433 0.39 95,040 85.9 142,507
Jinja District 526 0.53 43,834 44.03 487 0.49 453 0.46 54,259 54.5 163,681
Kaabong District 526 2.18 1,807 7.49 494 2.05 1,001 4.15 20,302 84.14 41,861
Kabale District 547 0.36 34,244 22.79 152 0.1 395 0.26 114,919 76.48 214,840
Kabarole District 438 0.42 14,961 14.42 202 0.19 988 0.95 87,154 84.01 153,042
Kaberamaido District 711 1.59 34,612 77.19 536 1.2 630 1.4 8,351 18.62 60,437
Kalangala District 118 0.87 5,555 41.19 28 0.21 539 4 7,246 53.73 24,200
Kaliro District 227 0.51 4,121 9.2 87 0.19 285 0.64 40,076 89.46 59,288
Kampala District 3,045 0.7 245,004 56.69 1,425 0.33 11,993 2.78 170,688 39.5 764,283
Kamuli District 846 0.61 25,187 18.03 431 0.31 1,016 0.73 112,236 80.33 207,242
Kamwenge District 365 0.39 8,909 9.53 97 0.1 632 0.68 83,436 89.29 127,799
Kanungu District 344 0.49 16,109 22.86 61 0.09 359 0.51 53,600 76.06 96,091
Kapchorwa District 265 0.62 9,296 21.67 80 0.19 112 0.26 33,144 77.26 61,891
Kasese District 1,507 1.12 70,936 52.61 499 0.37 1,598 1.19 60,301 44.72 210,826
Katakwi District 894 2.79 16,845 52.51 435 1.36 963 3 12,940 40.34 45,494
Kayunga District 477 0.59 24,044 29.65 395 0.49 1,030 1.27 55,152 68.01 126,005
Kibaale District 591 0.46 10,577 8.22 453 0.35 1,027 0.8 116,059 90.17 180,770
Kiboga District 358 0.5 11,168 15.52 111 0.15 861 1.2 59,478 82.64 115,852
Kiruhura District 178 0.2 6,282 6.92 100 0.11 168 0.19 84,046 92.59 104,992
Kisoro District 326 0.41 5,175 6.53 164 0.21 669 0.84 72,896 92.01 99,391
Kitgum District 1,588 2.21 54,293 75.47 1,020 1.42 1,478 2.05 13,562 18.85 115,010
Koboko District 1,041 3.58 16,858 57.94 192 0.66 663 2.28 10,343 35.55 48,973
Kotido District 362 1.17 2,694 8.7 273 0.88 788 2.55 26,842 86.7 56,559
Kumi District 2,268 2.05 75,440 68.09 1,083 0.98 1,598 1.44 30,398 27.44 158,510
Kyenjojo District 523 0.48 7,152 6.61 300 0.28 940 0.87 99,291 91.76 150,354
Lira District 3,133 2.07 121,568 80.41 11,516 7.62 2,982 1.97 11,986 7.93 247,272
Luweero District 683 0.73 28,253 30.38 241 0.26 2,394 2.57 61,439 66.06 148,042
Manafwa District 693 0.61 26,935 23.75 470 0.41 609 0.54 84,688 74.68 163,807
Masaka District 1,155 0.54 78,553 36.65 197 0.09 7,856 3.67 126,561 59.05 317,684
Masindi District 1,417 1.19 29,555 24.88 945 0.8 1,403 1.18 85,447 71.95 195,112
Mayuge District 652 0.86 26,183 34.49 623 0.82 642 0.85 47,824 62.99 128,811
Mbale District 620 0.63 47,856 48.37 455 0.46 509 0.51 49,507 50.03 162,767
Mbarara District 339 0.28 28,270 23.05 160 0.13 287 0.23 93,571 76.31 175,401
Mityana District 370 0.48 22,415 28.85 197 0.25 2,894 3.72 51,825 66.7 114,425
Moroto District 735 2.16 2,811 8.28 565 1.66 1,478 4.35 28,363 83.54 63,095
Moyo District 685 2.45 14,901 53.38 306 1.1 414 1.48 11,610 41.59 42,137
Mpigi District 576 0.51 32,285 28.42 272 0.24 4,496 3.96 75,988 66.88 168,103
Mubende District 633 0.49 14,558 11.35 309 0.24 1,560 1.22 111,232 86.7 197,597
Mukono District 1,514 0.71 82,743 38.68 690 0.32 6,134 2.87 122,847 57.42 345,689
Nakapiripirit District 189 0.74 1,390 5.41 146 0.57 310 1.21 23,635 92.07 46,070
Nakaseke District 204 0.46 6,384 14.29 60 0.13 763 1.71 37,260 83.41 63,541
Nakasongola District 164 0.42 3,600 9.15 95 0.24 188 0.48 35,284 89.71 56,502
Nebbi District 2,525 2.13 56,663 47.87 2,733 2.31 2,245 1.9 54,208 45.79 176,766
Ntungamo District 545 0.38 40,283 28.45 169 0.12 538 0.38 100,077 70.67 186,127
Pader District 1,538 2.21 53,921 77.32 674 0.97 1,303 1.87 12,305 17.64 122,802
Pallisa District 1,883 1.22 70,178 45.5 1,086 0.7 2,037 1.32 79,055 51.25 225,241
Rakai District 556 0.4 36,980 26.29 172 0.12 2,248 1.6 100,709 71.59 206,289
Rukungiri District 363 0.42 29,261 34.26 100 0.12 256 0.3 55,436 64.9 122,711
Sironko District 577 0.6 35,855 37.4 239 0.25 518 0.54 58,670 61.2 138,013
Soroti District 1,663 1.59 84,217 80.5 773 0.74 971 0.93 16,993 16.24 149,304
Sembabule District 195 0.33 12,567 21.02 107 0.18 610 1.02 46,320 77.46 85,016
Tororo District 1,476 1.35 56,528 51.68 2,912 2.66 1,094 1 47,374 43.31 164,263
Wakiso District 1,720 0.64 125,306 46.51 555 0.21 13,239 4.91 128,620 47.74 457,962
Yumbe District 1,051 2.26 24,297 52.22 454 0.98 893 1.92 19,832 42.62 76,151
Total 65,344 0.95 2,570,572 37.36 56,584 0.82 109,055 1.59 4,078,677 59.28 10,450,788
Source: Electoral Commission

Parliament[]

Party Constituency Women Appointed Total
seats
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
National Resistance Movement 141 58 14 213
Forum for Democratic Change 27 10 0 37
Uganda People's Congress 9 0 0 9
Democratic Party 8 0 0 8
Conservative Party 1 0 0 1
Justice Forum 1 0 0 1
Independents 28 11 1 40
Uganda People's Defence Force Representatives 10 10
Total 215 79 25 319
Registered voters/turnout 10,450,788 68
Source: IPU

Aftermath[]

Opposition supporters in Kampala staged some protests but were dispersed by riot police with tear gas.[4] On 6 April 2006 the Supreme Court rejected Besigye's request to dismiss the poll by a vote of four to three, though a majority agreed that there had been electoral irregularities.[5]

References[]

  1. ^ The Group of Six or G6 are the main opposition political parties which include, the Democratic Party, Uganda Peoples Congress, Conservative Party, FDC, The Free Movement and Justice Forum.
  2. ^ Uganda: Strength of political opposition following the February 2006 elections; reports of mistreatment of members and supporters of opposition parties by authorities (November 2005 - January 2007)"[permanent dead link] Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, 22 February 2007
  3. ^ In Hope and Fear: Uganda's Presidential and Parliamentary Polls Human Rights Watch, February 2006
  4. ^ Uganda's Museveni wins election BBC News, 25 February 2006
  5. ^ Uganda court rejects poll protest BBC News, 6 April 2006

External links[]