Trece Martires

Trece Martires
Component City
City of Trece Martires
A 7-Eleven and Jollibee along Trece Martires–Indang Road. Steel tower from Trece Tower Mall and Parkson City (formerly L-Paseo) is seen on the background.
A 7-Eleven and Jollibee along Trece Martires–Indang Road. Steel tower from Trece Tower Mall and Parkson City (formerly L-Paseo) is seen on the background.
Official seal of Trece Martires
Seal
Nickname(s): Trece
Seat of Provincial Government
Motto(s): Moving Directly to Success
Map of Cavite with Trece Martires highlighted
Map of Cavite with Trece Martires highlighted
Trece Martires is located in Philippines
Trece Martires
Trece Martires
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°17′N 120°52′E / 14.28°N 120.87°E / 14.28; 120.87Coordinates: 14°17′N 120°52′E / 14.28°N 120.87°E / 14.28; 120.87
Country  Philippines
Region Calabarzon (Region IV-A)
Province Cavite
District 6th District
Founded and Cityhood May 24, 1955
Barangays 13 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Panlungsod
 • Mayor Melandres G. de Sagun
 • Vice Mayor Denver P. Colorado
 • Congressman Luis A. Ferrer IV
 • Electorate 63,378 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 39.10 km2 (15.10 sq mi)
Elevation 124 m (407 ft)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 155,713
 • Density 4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Treceño
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code 4109
PSGC 042122000
IDD:area code +63 (0)46
Climate type Tropical monsoon climate
Income class 4th city income class
Revenue (₱) 549,330,427.39 (2016)
Catholic diocese Diocese of Imus
Patron saint St. Jude Thaddeus, St. Lorenzo Ruiz
Website trecemartirescity.cavite.gov.ph

Trece Martires, officially the City of Trece Martires (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Trece Martires), or simply known as Trece Martires City, is a 4th class city and the de facto capital city of the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 155,713 people.[3]

The city was the provincial capital until President Ferdinand Marcos transferred it to the City of Imus on June 11, 1977.[clarification needed] Despite of the capital relocation, the city still hosts many offices of the provincial government. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 155,713 people,[3] and an income classification of 1st class.[2]

Etymology[]

The city was named after the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite, a group of prominent Caviteños who were convicted of rebellion and executed by the Spanish colonial government on September 12, 1896 in the old port city of Cavite during the Philippine Revolution.[4]

History[]

A Jollibee restaurant in Trece Martires

Township[]

Trece Martires started as one of the largest and most remote barrios of Cavite. Originally named Quinta or Quintana, it was part of the municipality of Tanza. The land was basically agricultural subdivided into cattle ranches and sugar farms, with less than 1,000 hectares, at the intersection of the present Tanza–Trece Martires–Indang Road (Tanza–Trece Martires Road / Trece Martires–Indang Road) and the Naic–Dasmariñas Road (now part of Governor's Drive).[5][6]

Cityhood[]

The city was established on May 24, 1954 under Republic Act No. 981 ("The Charter of Trece Martires City") as approved by President Ramon Magsaysay. The Republic Act also transferred the provincial seat of government from Cavite City to Trece Martires.[6] The original bill, House Bill 1795, was authored by Congressman Jose T. Cajulis (1954–1957) and Senator Justiniano S. Montano (1949–1956).

Under the city charter, the Governor of Cavite is ex-officio mayor of Trece Martires; then-Governor Dominador Mangubat was installed as the city's first chief executive. On January 2, 1956, the provincial capitol was formally inaugurated, the same day the newly elected Governor, Delfin N. Montano (the son of former Senator Justiniano Montano) was sworn into office. He served in both offices from 1956 to 1971.[5]

Expansion[]

On June 22, 1957, the original act was amended by Republic Act 1912 increasing its territory to 3,917 hectares (39,170,000 m2), more or less. Consequently, the municipality of Indang and the city of General Trias had to yield parts of their respective areas to this territorial expansion.[7]

Loss of provincial capital status[]

On June 11, 1977, then President Ferdinand E. Marcos signed Presidential Decree No. 1163 relocating the capital and seat of government from Trece Martires to the city (then-municipality) of Imus. Governor Juanito Remulla requested Marcos in September 1979 to transfer the capital back to the city, although it wasn't approved. As of 2011, the provincial capital is the city of Imus, but most of the provincial offices are in Trece Martires — making Trece Martires as a de facto capital of the province, while Imus as a de jure provincial capital.[8]

On March 31, 1992, the Republic Act no. 7325 was approved by President Corazon C. Aquino amending the charter of Trece Martires City, allowing the city to vote their own local officials for the first time.[9]

Contemporary history[]

Vice Mayor Alexander Lubigan was assassinated in front of a hospital along Trece Martires–Indang Road (N404) in Trece Martires on July 7, 2018.[10][11][12] Following this event, the Presidential Anti-Corruption Commission (PACC) initiated a graft probe parallel to the investigation of the vice mayor's slaying.[13]Before the assasination, Lubigan was expressively intent to run for Mayor against Mayor Melandres de Sagun's wife, Roniza, Melandres was intended to run for Congressman for reapportioned 7th District consisting Amadeo, Indang, Tanza City and Trece Martires City.

Geography[]

Trece Martires is in the heart of Cavite Province. It is bounded north and northwest by the municipality of Tanza, west and southwest by the municipality of Naic, south by the municipality of Indang, southeast by the municipality of Amadeo and east by the city of General Trias.[14] It is about 48.3 km (30.0 mi) from Manila, the capital of the Philippines (about an hour by car).[15]

Topography[]

The city of Trece Martires is characterised with ground elevation ranging from 30m to nearly 400m. Its ground slope ranges from 0.5 to 2%.

Climate[]

Trece Martires City has a tropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Aw) with two pronounced seasons: wet and dry. Wet season covers the period from May to December of each year; dry season covers January to April.

Climate data for Trece Martires City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
30.2
(86.4)
31.7
(89.1)
33.1
(91.6)
32.7
(90.9)
31.2
(88.2)
30
(86)
29.7
(85.5)
29.9
(85.8)
30.3
(86.5)
29.9
(85.8)
28.3
(82.9)
29.9
(85.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.2
(77.4)
25.6
(78.1)
26.8
(80.2)
28.2
(82.8)
28.2
(82.8)
27.4
(81.3)
26.5
(79.7)
26.4
(79.5)
26.5
(79.7)
26.6
(79.9)
26.1
(79)
25.4
(77.7)
26.6
(79.8)
Average low °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
21.1
(70)
22
(72)
23.3
(73.9)
23.8
(74.8)
23.6
(74.5)
23.1
(73.6)
23.2
(73.8)
23.1
(73.6)
22.9
(73.2)
22.4
(72.3)
21.8
(71.2)
22.6
(72.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 21
(0.83)
10
(0.39)
13
(0.51)
24
(0.94)
147
(5.79)
265
(10.43)
409
(16.1)
437
(17.2)
332
(13.07)
190
(7.48)
141
(5.55)
79
(3.11)
2,068
(81.4)
Source: Climate-data.org[16]

Elevation[]

The land elevation ranges from 99 to 124 metres above sea level. The land area is fairy well dissected by creeks and streams that are deeply cut, characterised by steep and abrupt banks. These almost parallel drainage lines flow in northern direction to discharge into either Manila Bay or Laguna de Bay.

Barangays[]

Trece Martires City is politically subdivided into 13 barangays (six urban and seven rural). The city was subdivided by Senator Justiniano Montano and Congressman Jose Cajulis. Each barangay was named after one of the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite to commemorate their bravery and heroism. Below are the names of the barangays and their names before the City's Charter was passed on May 24, 1954.


PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[17]
042122002 Cabezas 0.9% 1,396 1,386 0.14%
042122003 Cabuco 3.1% 4,799 4,322 2.01%
042122004 De Ocampo 2.0% 3,141 2,982 0.99%
042122005 Lallana 1.0% 1,548 1,313 3.18%
042122006 San Agustin (Poblacion) 1.7% 2,668 2,434 1.76%
042122008 Osorio 2.5% 3,836 3,473 1.91%
042122009 Conchu 1.2% 1,885 1,812 0.75%
042122010 Perez 1.9% 3,029 2,820 1.37%
042122011 Aguado 1.8% 2,751 2,543 1.51%
042122012 Gregorio 0.8% 1,315 1,187 1.97%
042122013 Inocencio 1.8% 2,751 2,543 1.51%
042122014 Lapidario 0.8% 1,315 1,187 1.97%
042122015 Luciano (Poblacion) 1.8% 2,751 2,543 1.51%
Total 155,713 104,559 7.88%

Demographics[]

Population census of Trece Martires
YearPop.±% p.a.
1960 4,422—    
1970 6,522+3.96%
1975 7,179+1.94%
1980 8,579+3.63%
1990 15,686+6.22%
1995 20,451+5.10%
2000 41,653+16.47%
2007 90,177+11.24%
2010 104,559+5.53%
2015 155,713+7.88%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][17][18][19]

In the 2015 census, the population of Trece Martires was 155,713 people,[3] with a density of 4,000 inhabitants per square kilometre or 10,000 inhabitants per square mile.

Economy[]

Industrialisation and commercialism has replaced agriculture as the major source of economy for the city. Its economic growth has attracted immigration from other municipalities especially from Metro Manila. The population grown from 104,559 people in 2010 to 155,713 in 2015, representing an increase of 7.88%. In comparison, the population in 1995 was only 20,451.[20] The city's other major source of income are revenues from real property taxes.

The most noteworthy fact about Trece Martires is the absence of any form of gambling. It has been awarded in the fields of nutrition, health services, literacy, education and social services.

For the past years (2010-onwards), the city gradually developed its economy for it supported the construction of Walter Mart Trece Martires, the largest Walter Mart in Cavite along Governor's Drive, which was opened in November 29, 2012, and two Puregold stores in Barangays Hugo Perez and San Agustin. In September 2015, Trece Tower Mall was opened, while SM City Trece Martires, the fifth SM Supermall in Cavite was opened on May 13, 2016.

Government[]

City hall facade

City officials[]

Position Name
Mayor Melandres G. de Sagun
Vice Mayor Denver P. Colorado
Sangguniang Panlungsod Members
(City Councilors)
Aldrin Anacan
Carlito G. Aure
Rona Bago
Denver P. Colorado
Venancio M. Gatdula
Romeo A. de Sagun
Melandro G. de Sagun
Lamberto B. Lubigan
Mark Albert L. Montehermoso
Manolito S. Villanueva
Cornelio L. de Sagun (ABC Federation President)

Barangay officials[]

Barangay Previous name Barangay captain Settlement type
Aguado Fiscal Mundo Jaimer M. Sierra Rural
Cabezas Palawit Marcelino V. Alarca Rural
Cabuco Kanggahan Federico M. Ferraer Rural
Conchu Lagundian Anselmo L. Trinidad Rural
De Ocampo Quintana I Romeo L. Montehermoso, Jr. Urban
Gregorio Aliang Eliseo G. Dela Luya Rural
Hugo Perez Lukbanan Simeon A. Perdito Urban
Inocencio Bagong Pook Teodoro D. Atas Urban
Lallana Panukang Gubat Carlito A. Leachon Rural
Lapidario Bayog Remigio G. Dilag Urban
Luciano (Poblacion) Bitangan Luisito R. Diloy Urban
Osorio Project Joselito A. Marquez Rural
San Agustin (Poblacion) Quintana II Cornelio L. de Sagun Urban

Infrastructure[]

Provincial Capitol of Cavite

The city government provides the following assistance: financial, medical, emergency, school fees and burial expenses. It has extensive programs for the elderly, solo parents, out-of-school youth, and mothers. One of its programs is a blood donation activity every March, May, September and December; Balik Eskwela (school supplies distribution to all public elementary and high school students); clean and green; revitalization of agricultural lands, high school and college scholarship and their livelihood programs.[citation needed]

Healthcare[]

The Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Memorial Hospital in Bgy. Luciano is a government-run hospital for the people of the city which has a 250-bed capacity. The hospitals in the city that are owned and run privately are Korea-Philippines Friendship Hospital in Bgy. Luciano; the MV Santiago Medical Center in Bgy. De Ocampo; the Treceño Medical Pavillon Hospital in Bgy. Luciano.

Trece Martires has a mental health facility for people in the city near Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Memorial Hospital.[citation needed]

Several clinics are in the city for maternal health. There is ERS Maternity and Jade building in Luciano and other several clinics in the city.

Security[]

Fire Department[]

The fire station of the city is in Brgy. San Agustin.

Education[]

High schools[]

  • Trece Martires City National High School – Main (San Agustin Campus)
  • Eugenio Cabezas National High School (formerly known as Trece Martires City National High School – Cabezas Annex)
  • Francisco Osorio National High School (formerly known as Trece Martires City National High School – Osorio Annex)
  • Luis Aguado National High School (formerly known as Trece Martires City National High School-Southville Annex)
  • Trece Martires City National High School – Conchu Annex
  • Trece Martires National High School (Cabuco Annex)

Trece Martires City schools were awarded to be the most ready in the country on the Brigada Eskwela 2012 of Department of Education. Trece Martires City Elementary School topped the Exceptional Category for Elementary Schools in Region IV-A and Trece Martires City National High School was first in the Exceptional Category for Secondary Schools.

Private schools[]

  • Academy of St. John Nepomucene
  • Amore International School (Amore Academy)
  • Blessed Family Academy
  • Blessed Kateri School
  • Braintrust Learning Center inc.
  • Christian Child Development Learning Center
  • Colegio de Santa Rosa
  • Dei Gracia Academy
  • Elim Christian Academy
  • Fabulous Christian Academy
  • Gateway International School of Science and Technology
  • God is Good Learning Center
  • John Merced Academy
  • Krislizz International Academy
  • Lyceum of Cavite-East
  • Marella Christianne Institute
  • New Generation International School
  • Notre Dame of Trece Martires
  • Paul Henry
  • Saint Jude Parish School
  • Saint Thomas Becket Academy
  • Sto. Niño de Praga Academy
  • Sun Moon Academy
  • Sung Kwang Global Leadership Academy

Colleges[]

Annual events[]

Sister cities[]

International[]

Local[]

References[]

  1. ^ "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Cavite". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "The Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite". Philippine Center for Masonic Studies. Retrieved on June 10, 2012.
  5. ^ a b "Trece Martires City – Brief History" Archived February 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Cavite Provincial Website. Retrieved on June 11, 2012.
  6. ^ a b "An Act Establishing the New Capital of the Province of Cavite, and Providing a Charter Therefor, and for Other Purposes". LawPH.com. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Republic Act No. 1912". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved on June 11, 2012.
  8. ^ "Quick Facts". Cavite Official Provincial Website. Retrieved on June 11, 2012.
  9. ^ "Republic Act No. 7325" Archived June 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. PhilippineLaw.info. Retrieved on June 11, 2012.
  10. ^ "Vice mayor of Trece Martires, Cavite shot dead". cnn. Retrieved July 20, 2018. 
  11. ^ "PNP to invite Trece Martires mayor, councilors in probe of Lubigan slay". GMA News Online. Retrieved July 20, 2018. 
  12. ^ "Cavite vice mayor shot dead days after Halili, Bote murder | Philstar.com". philstar.com. Retrieved July 20, 2018. 
  13. ^ Cinco, Maricar. "Palace body sets probe of graft in Trece Martires". Retrieved July 20, 2018. 
  14. ^ "Trece Martires City – Geography" Archived February 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Cavite Provincial Website. Retrieved on June 11, 2012.
  15. ^ "Manila to Trece Martires City". Google Maps. Retrieved on June 10, 2012.
  16. ^ "Climate: Trece Martires – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-data.org. Retrieved October 30, 2017. 
  17. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  18. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO. 
  19. ^ "Province of Cavite". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  20. ^ "1995 Population Census". Philippine Statistics Authority of the Philippines. Retrieved on June 10, 2012.

External links[]