Timeline of the European migrant crisis

A map of the European migrant crisis in 2015

This is a timeline of notable events related to the European migrant crisis.

Before 2015[]

2004[]

2007[]

2008[]

2009[]

2011[]

2013[]

2014[]

2015[]

Migrants crossing the Merranean from North Africa

January 2015[]

February 2015[]

March 2015[]

April 2015[]

Irish Naval personnel from the LÉ Eithne rescuing migrants in the Merranean, June 2015

May 2015[]

June 2015[]

The 'Calais Jungle' migrant camp

July 2015[]

August 2015[]

Migrants slipping into Hungary under the unfinished Hungary-Serbia border barrier, August 2015

September 2015[]

Migrants protesting outside Keleti railway station, Budapest, 3 September 2015
Migrants walking along the motorway from Hungary to Austria, 4 September 2015
Migrants at Wien Westbahnhof railway station, Austria, on their way to Germany
Migrants at the Austria-Germany border

October 2015[]

Arrival of migrants in Dobova, Slovenia, 22 October 2015

November 2015[]

Slovenian soldiers building the barrier on the Croatian border, November 2015

December 2015[]

2016[]

Migrants crossing the Aegean Sea from Turkey to the Greek island of Lesbos, January 2016

January 2016[]

February 2016[]

March 2016[]

April 2016[]

The Brenner Pass, on the Italy-Austria border

May 2016[]

September 2016[]

November 2016[]

2017[]

March 2017[]

May 2017[]

June 2017[]

September 2017[]

December 2017[]

2018[]

January 2018[]

April 2018[]

June 2018[]

July 2018[]

See also[]

References and notes[]

  1. ^ European Parliament resolution on Lampedusa, 14 April 2005
  2. ^ "Migrant boat missing off Malta". BBC News. 2007-05-21. 
  3. ^ "Malta fears 71 migrants drowned". BBC News. 2008-08-27. 
  4. ^ "Hundreds feared drowned off Libya". Associated Press. 2009-03-31. Retrieved 2009-03-31. 
  5. ^ "Hundreds feared drowned off Libya". BBC. 2009-03-31. Retrieved 2009-03-31. 
  6. ^ "Nigeria: 200 Citizens, Other Africans Drown Off Libyan Coast". Daily Independent of Lagos. 2009-04-01. Retrieved 2009-04-01. 
  7. ^ "Migrants missing after boat capsizes off Italian island". BBC News. 6 April 2011. Archived from the original on 7 April 2011. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  8. ^ Pianigiani, Gaia (3 October 2013). "Scores of Migrants Dead After Boat Sinks Off Sicily". The New York Times. Siracusa. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  9. ^ "Witness: Boat migrants used bottles to stay afloat". USA Today. 4 October 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  10. ^ "Dozens of migrants die in Italy boat sinking near Lampedusa". BBC News. 3 October 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "Lampedusa boat tragedy: Migrants 'raped and tortured'". BBC News. 8 November 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "'Dozens feared dead' off Lampedusa as migrant boat capsizes". BBC News. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  13. ^ "Illegal immigration attempt to Italy foiled in Beheira". Ahram Online. 29 June 2014. 
  14. ^ a b "More than 200 feared dead after migrant boat sinks off Libyan coast". The Daily Telegraph. 15 September 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  15. ^ "Malta boat sinking 'leaves 500 dead' - IOM". BBC News. 15 September 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  16. ^ Gradaigh, Alvise Armellini and Pol O. (15 September 2014). "Up to 700 feared dead in Merranean shipwrecks". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 28 June 2018. 
  17. ^ "Abandoned migrant ship Ezadeen reaches Italy". BBC News. 2015-01-03. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  18. ^ "Hundreds of migrants killed in new Merranean tragedy, says UN". BBC News. 2015-02-11. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  19. ^ "Ten migrants die as boat capsizes but 941 rescued by Italian coastguards". The Guardian. 2015-03-04. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  20. ^ "Libya migrants: Hundreds feared drowned in Merranean". BBC News. 2015-04-15. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  21. ^ "Migrants killed in 'religious clash' on Merranean boat". BBC News. 2015-04-16. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  22. ^ "Merranean migrants: Hundreds feared dead after boat capsizes". BBC News. 2015-04-19. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  23. ^ "Migrants killed by train in Macedonia while taking land route to western Europe to avoid sea". The Independent. 2015-04-24. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  24. ^ "Merranean migrants crisis: EU triples funding". BBC News. 2015-04-24. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  25. ^ "'Dozens die' as migrant boat deflates in Merranean". BBC News. 2015-05-05. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  26. ^ "Merranean migrant crisis: EU refugee quotas to be proposed". BBC News. 2015-05-11. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  27. ^ "EU leaders agree to relocate 40,000 migrants". BBC News. 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  28. ^ "Calais strike: NI lorry drivers 'threatened with knives'". BBC News. 2015-07-01. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  29. ^ "French police clash with migrants as ferry strike causes chaos in Calais". The Guardian. 2015-06-24. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  30. ^ "Calais migrants: Britain to build huge fence at Channel Tunnel port in France". The Telegraph. 2015-06-27. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  31. ^ "12 migrants drown, 500 rescued in Merranean off Libya". Reuters. 2015-07-09. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  32. ^ Samuels, Robert (2015-09-14). "From west to east, Europe tightens borders as refugees scramble". Washington Post. Retrieved 2015-09-15. 
  33. ^ "Bulgaria builds final part of razor wire fence to keep out refugees". The Independent. 2015-08-04. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  34. ^ "Rescue hopes fade for migrants after boat capsizes in Merranean". BBC News. 2015-08-06. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  35. ^ "10 Syrians, one Turk die in overcrowded minibus crash in northwest Turkey". Hurriyet Daily News. 2015-08-08. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  36. ^ "Europe migrant crisis: Dozens die in hold of Libya boat". BBC News. 2015-08-15. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  37. ^ "Macedonia migrants: Thousands break through at Greek border". BBC News. 2015-08-22. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  38. ^ "Migrants crisis: More than 4,000 people rescued near Libya coast". BBC News. 2015-08-23. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  39. ^ "Migrant crisis: Scores of bodies found on Libya boat". BBC News. 2015-08-26. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  40. ^ "Migrant crisis: Libya boats sink off Zuwara carrying hundreds". BBC News. 2015-08-28. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  41. ^ "Austria lorry migrant deaths: What we know so far". BBC News. 2015-08-28. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  42. ^ "Migrant boat sinks off Libyan coast, kills at least 37: official". Reuters. 2015-08-31. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  43. ^ "Migrants arrive in Austria after Hungary provides buses". BBC News. 2015-09-05. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  44. ^ "Migrant crisis: Activist convoy drives to Hungary". BBC News. 2015-09-06. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  45. ^ "Germany's Angela Merkel says no numbers limits to right to asylum". Irish Independent. 2015-09-05. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  46. ^ "Migrant crisis: Hundreds force way past Hungarian police". BBC News. 2015-09-08. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  47. ^ "Migrant crisis: Denmark-Germany rail links suspended". BBC News. 2015-09-09. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  48. ^ "Migrant crisis: Rallies in Europe as 9,000 arrive in Munich". BBC News. 2015-09-12. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  49. ^ "Refugee boat sinking: dozens including children drown off Greek island". The Guardian. 2015-09-14. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  50. ^ "Migrant crisis: Germany starts temporary border controls". BBC News. 2015-09-14. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  51. ^ "Austria says army will help impose tougher border checks". Reuters. 2015-09-14. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  52. ^ "Migrant crisis: Hungary declares emergency at Serbia border". BBC News. 2015-09-15. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  53. ^ "Migrant crisis: Clashes at Hungary-Serbia border". BBC News. 2015-09-16. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  54. ^ "Migrant crisis: Croatia closes border crossings with Serbia". BBC News. 2015-09-18. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  55. ^ "Slovenia Reinstating Controls at Border with Hungary". Slovenia Times. 2015-09-17. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  56. ^ "Turkey: 13 drown, including 6 children, after ship hits migrant dinghy". The India Express. AFP. 2015-09-21. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  57. ^ "Migrant crisis: Why EU deal on refugees is difficult". BBC News. 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  58. ^ "Migrant boat sinks off Turkey, 17 Syrians dead". Hurriyet Daily News. 2015-09-27. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  59. ^ "Migrant crisis: EU to begin seizing smugglers' boats". BBC News. 2015-10-07. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  60. ^ "Migrant crisis: EU backs Turkey action plan". BBC News. 2015-10-16. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  61. ^ Radul Radovanovic (18 October 2015). "Thousands stranded on new migrant route through Europe". The Associated Press, MSN. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  62. ^ "Migrant crisis: Afghan man shot dead at Bulgaria border". BBC News. 2015-10-16. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  63. ^ "Twelve migrants drown after boat sinks off of Turkey's Aegean coast". Hurriyet Daily News. 2015-10-17. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  64. ^ "Slovenia calls for EU help amid record influx of refugees". Euronews. 2015-10-22. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  65. ^ "Migrant crisis: Thousands of new reception places agreed". BBC News. 2015-10-26. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  66. ^ "Razor wire fence appears on Slovenian border". The Local. 2015-11-05. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  67. ^ "Slovenia starts building fence to control flow of refugees". The Guardian. 2015-11-11. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  68. ^ Ltd, Allied Newspapers. "Migration summit: "We are in a race against time to save Schengen" - Tusk". Times of Malta. 
  69. ^ "Paris attacks: EU in emergency talks on border crackdown". The Guardian. 20 November 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2015. The French prime minister, Manuel Valls, said some of the killers had taken advantage of Europe’s migrant crisis to “slip in” unnoticed. 
  70. ^ McDonnell, Patrick J; Zavis, Alexandra (19 November 2015). "Suspected Paris attack mastermind's Europe ties facilitated travel from Syria". Los Angeles Times, in the Sacramento Bee. Los Angeles, USA. Retrieved 20 November 2015. As waves of refugees from Syria converged on Europe this summer, law enforcement authorities feared this scenario: That terrorist operatives would slip in among the multitudes [...] Last week’s attacks on France may have validated some of those fears. At least three of the seven known attackers and the suspected ringleader, Abdelhamid Abaaoud [...] are thought to have crossed clandestinely from Syria into Europe. 
  71. ^ Rick Lyman & Alison Smale (15 November 2015). "Paris Attacks Shift Europe's Migrant Focus to Security". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 November 2015. 
  72. ^ Eldar Emric, Demetri Nellas, and the Associated Press (14 November 2015). "Paris Attacks Provoke Fresh Migrant Fears in Europe". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 November 2015. 
  73. ^ "Sweden slams shut its open-door policy towards refugees". The Guardian. 2015-11-24. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  74. ^ "Reception centres use containers to house new arrivals". Yle. 2015-11-28. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  75. ^ "Stranded migrants battle police on Greece-Macedonia border". BBC News. 2015-11-28. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  76. ^ "13 migrants killed as two boats capsize off Aegean coast". Hurriyet Daily News. 2015-12-09. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  77. ^ "Migrant crisis: Dutch town riots over asylum centre plan". BBC News. 2015-12-17. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  78. ^ "Norway: New Ministry Is Created to Address Influx of Migrants". The New York Times. 16 December 2015. 
  79. ^ "– Vi kommer til å få en asylpolitikk som er blant de strengeste i Europa [– We will get an asylum policy that is among the strictest in Europe]" (in Norwegian). NRK. 29 December 2015. 
  80. ^ "Migrant crisis: Over one million reach Europe by sea". BBC News. 2015-12-30. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  81. ^ "Prosecutors say most of suspects in a series of robberies and sexual assaults in Cologne during New Year's celebrations are refugees". Usnews.com. Associated Press. 15 February 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  82. ^ "Cologne attacks' profound impact on Europe". BBC News. 2016-01-11. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  83. ^ "Migrant crisis: Sweden border checks come into force". BBC News. 2016-01-04. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  84. ^ "Violence erupts at Cologne Pegida demo". The Local. 2016-01-09. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  85. ^ "Swedish police probe 'cover-up of migrant sex assaults'". BBC News. 2016-01-11. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  86. ^ "Swedish police banned from describing criminals anymore in case they sound racist". The Independent. 2016-01-14. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  87. ^ "Fatal stabbing at asylum centre shocks Sweden". BBC News. 26 January 2016. Retrieved 4 June 2017. 
  88. ^ "Denmark approves controversial migrant assets bill". BBC News. 2016-01-26. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  89. ^ "'Religious tensions' spark gunfight in French migrant camp". The Telegraph. 2016-01-27. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  90. ^ "Migrant crisis: 26 drown off Samos island near Turkey". BBC News. 2016-01-28. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  91. ^ "Masked marchers beat immigrants in Stockholm". The Local. 2016-01-30. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  92. ^ "Turkey tightens visa rules for Iraqi citizens 'to fight illegal immigration'". Daily Mail. Agence-France Presse. 6 February 2016. 
  93. ^ "Refugee crisis: at least 27 people die off Turkish coast". The Guardian. 2016-02-08. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  94. ^ Nick, Squires (14 Feb 2016). "Greek riot police fire tear gas at crowds protesting against new migrant 'hotspot' on island of Kos". Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  95. ^ "Kos island to hold referendum on disputed refugee hot spot | Kathimerini". 2016-02-09. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  96. ^ "Turkish president threatens to send millions of Syrian refugees to EU". The Guardian. 2016-02-12. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  97. ^ "Visegrad countries call for 'alternative plan' to counter migration crisis". EURACTIV.com. 
  98. ^ "Bulgaria to close all external EU borders, PM announces". ITV News. 2016-02-15. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  99. ^ "Austria sets migrant cap, throws up border controls". Deutsche Welle. 2016-02-17. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  100. ^ "Belgium reintroduces border controls with France to prevent influx of Calais migrants". The Telegraph. 2016-02-23. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  101. ^ "Norway wants to deny all refugees if 'it all breaks down'". The Local. 23 February 2016. 
  102. ^ "Norge vil bryde folkeretten og afvise flygtninge i krisetilfælde [Norway wants to break international law and reject refugees in an emergency situation]". Berlingske (in Danish). 20 February 2016. 
  103. ^ "EU's Schulz slams Hungary's 'populist' migrant referendum". Euronews. 2016-02-25. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  104. ^ "Migrant crisis: Greece recalls". BBC News. 2016-02-25. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  105. ^ "Migrants attempt to hang themselves in the centre of Athens". The Telegraph. 2016-02-26. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  106. ^ "EU migrant crisis: Clashes as France clears Calais 'Jungle'". BBC News. 2016-02-28. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  107. ^ "Migrant crisis: Russia and Syria 'weaponising' migration". BBC News. 2016-03-02. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  108. ^ "Migrant crisis: Boat sinking off Didim, Turkey claims 25 lives". BBC News. 2016-03-06. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  109. ^ "Calais residents protest over 'economic catastrophe' of camp". The Irish Times. 2016-03-08. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  110. ^ "Police defend warning for solo women in northern Sweden". The Local. 2016-03-08. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  111. ^ "Women warned 'don't go out at night' after migrant sex attackers target 10-year-old girls". The Express. 2016-03-10. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  112. ^ "Migrant crisis: Slovenia moves to 'shut down' Balkans route". BBC News. 2016-03-09. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  113. ^ "Breaking News: Hungary Declares State Of Emergency As Migrant Crisis Turns Unpredictable". Hungary Today. 2016-03-09. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  114. ^ "Migrant crisis: Angela Merkel condemns closure of Balkan route". BBC News. 2016-03-10. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  115. ^ "Anti-foreigner rally in Berlin draws ten times more protesters than expected". Deutsche Welle. 2016-03-12. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  116. ^ "Police arrest far-right activists as protesters block bridges with burning tyres to stop refugees entering Calais". The Independent. 2016-03-12. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  117. ^ "Nationalists strong, setback for Merkel party in German vote". Associated Press. 2016-03-13. Archived from the original on 2016-04-28. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  118. ^ "German voters batter Merkel over migrant policy". Reuters. 2016-03-13. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  119. ^ "Migrant crisis: EU-Turkey deal comes into effect". BBC News. 2016-03-20. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  120. ^ "Clashes as Austria pledges to deploy soldiers to Italy border". The Local. 2016-04-04. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  121. ^ "Tensions flare at Piraeus Port as migrants refuse to evacuate makeshift camp". Ekathimerini. 2016-04-06. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  122. ^ "Hundreds hurt in police clashes at Greece-Macedonia border". The Guardian. 2016-04-10. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  123. ^ "Refugees use train carriage to smash police barricade on Greece-Macedonia border". RT. 2016-04-11. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  124. ^ "'Italy must stop refugee flow or we'll shut Brenner pass'". The Local. 2016-04-14. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  125. ^ "Mass street brawl erupts at Paris migrant camp". The Local. 2016-04-18. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  126. ^ "Migrant crisis: Pope returns from Greece with 12 migrants". BBC News. 2016-04-16. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  127. ^ "Turkey threatens to back out of EU migrant deal over visas". France 24. 2016-04-19. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  128. ^ "Migrants hurl stones at police on Greek border after man injured by van". Reuters. 2016-04-18. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  129. ^ "German refugees use advertising to target anti-immigration YouTube videos". BBC News. 2016-04-20. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  130. ^ "Swiss army ready to act in worst case migrant scenario". The Local. 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  131. ^ "Shock as Austrian Chancellor Faymann quits". BBC News. 2016-05-09. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  132. ^ "Austrian police clash with Italians protesting Brenner border checks". Reuters. 2016-04-24. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  133. ^ "Norway offers to pay asylum seekers £1000 bonus to leave the country". The Telegraph. 2016-04-26. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  134. ^ "Clashes break out at migrants camp on Greek island: police". Reuters. 2016-04-26. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  135. ^ "Austria votes to reject most migrants and refugees". The Local. 2016-04-27. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  136. ^ "Migrant crisis: EU plans penalties for refusing asylum seekers". BBC News. 2016-05-04. Retrieved 2016-05-15. 
  137. ^ "'People smugglers in British car' shot in chase in France". 2016-05-05. Retrieved 2016-05-15. 
  138. ^ "Italian police, demonstrators clash in protest against Austrian fence". Reuters. 2016-05-07. Retrieved 2016-05-15. 
  139. ^ "Syrian refugee shot by Slovakian border guards". The Telegraph. 2016-05-09. Retrieved 2016-05-15. 
  140. ^ "Egypt's navy foils irregular immigration attempt of 440 people". Ahram Online. 14 September 2016. 
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  143. ^ "More than 240 refugees feared drowned in the Merranean after rubber boats capsize". The Independent. 24 March 2017. 
  144. ^ "80 migrants dead in Merranean trying to reach Italy". Anadolu Agency. 8 May 2017. 
  145. ^ "At least 34 migrants drown in the Merranean". News.com Australia. 25 May 2017. 
  146. ^ "More than 900 refugees caught by Libyan coast guard". Anadolu Agency. 2017-06-17. 
  147. ^ "Coming from the right, Germany's AfD drawing much support from left". DPA International. 23 September 2017. 
  148. ^ "AfD, CDU, SPD: Where do German parties stand on refugees, asylum and immigration?". Deutsche Welle. 24 September 2017. 
  149. ^ "'I am afraid': First far-right party set to enter German parliament in over half a century". CNBC. 22 September 2017. 
  150. ^ "First day on the job: Meet Germany's new far-right politicians". CNBC. 24 October 2017. 
  151. ^ "Germany's far-right AfD targets refugees in first bill before parliament". Deutsche Welle. 18 January 2018. 
  152. ^ "Austria holds watershed election marked by migrant crisis". BBC News. 15 October 2017. 
  153. ^ "Austria turns sharply to the right in an election shaped by immigration". The Washington Post. 16 October 2017. 
  154. ^ "Austria's far-right to enter government after coalition deal". The Telegraph. 16 December 2017. 
  155. ^ "Austria's leader Sebastian Kurz angers Angela Merkel by refusing to shelter refugees". The Times. 12 January 2018. 
  156. ^ "EU to step up fight against migrants when Austria's far-right–conservative coalition chairs European Council later this year". The Independent. 13 February 2018. 
  157. ^ "Refugee Crisis Takes Center Stage in Czech Presidential Election". Bloomberg. 18 January 2018. 
  158. ^ "Czech Republic Re-elects Milos Zeman, Populist Leader and Foe of Migrants". The New York Times. 27 January 2018. 
  159. ^ "Hungary's Far Right Leader Is Going Nowhere—and Europe Should Be Worried". Time. 11 April 2018. 
  160. ^ "Hungary's Viktor Orban wins 'supermajority' for third consecutive term in office". CNBC. 9 April 2018. 
  161. ^ "Hungarian nationalist PM Orban on track for third straight term in power". Reuters. 6 April 2018. 
  162. ^ "Italy migrants: Matteo Salvini calls for end to Sicily 'refugee camp'". BBC News. 3 June 2018. 
  163. ^ "Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini: Italy not 'Europe's refugee camp'". Deutsche Welle. 3 June 2018. 
  164. ^ "A political deal in Italy could lead to Western Europe's first fully populist government". The Washington Post. 10 May 2018. 
  165. ^ "EU warns against euroscepticism as populists prepare to govern Italy". thelocal.it. AFP. 11 May 2018. 
  166. ^ "Spain to accept disputed migrant ship Aquarius". BBC News. 12 June 2018. 
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