Tenuis alveolar lateral click

(Tenuis) lateral click
ǁ
ʖ
IPA number 180, 203
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ǁ​ʖ
Unicode (hex) U+01C1 U+0296
Kirshenbaum l![1]
Braille ⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346)⠇ (braille pattern dots-123)
Listen

The voiceless or more precisely tenuis lateral click is a click consonant found primarily among the languages of southern Africa. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ǁ⟩. The Doke/Beach convention, adopted for a time by the IPA and still preferred by some linguists, is ⟨ʖ⟩.[2]

Features[]

Features of the tenuis lateral click:

Occurrence[]

Tenuis lateral clicks are found primarily in the various Khoisan language families of southern Africa and in some neighboring Bantu languages.

Language Word IPA Meaning
Hadza exekeke [ʔeǁekeke] = [ʔeʖekeke] 'to listen'
Khoekhoe ǂamǁgû [ᵑǂ͡ʔàm̀ǁṹṹ] = [ǂ̃ˀàm̀ʖṹṹ] 'to inadvertently bite a hard object'
Zulu xoxa [ǁɔːǁa] = [ʖɔːʖa] 'to converse'

References[]

  1. ^ Kirshenbaum, Evan. "FAQ: Representing IPA Phonetics in ASCII (Appendix D)".
  2. ^ Styled as either a digit ⟨5⟩ with the top removed, or an inverted glottal stop ⟨ʔ⟩. It perhaps derives from a cedilla written the size of a full letter.