Tashfin ibn Ali

Tashfin ibn Ali
Emir of Morocco
Emir of Morocco
Reign1143–1145
PredecessorAli ibn Yusuf
SuccessorIbrahim ibn Tashfin
Died23/25 March 1145
DynastyAlmoravid
FatherAli ibn Yusuf
ReligionIslam

Tashfin ibn Ali (died 23 March 1145,[1] or 25 March 1145 CE[2]) was the 6th Almoravid king, he reigned in 1143–1145.

Biography[]

Tashfin ibn Ali was appointed Governor of Granada and Almería in 1129, as well as of Córdoba in 1131, during the reign of his father Ali ibn Yusuf.[3] He succeeded his father in 1143. In 1145, he went to fight the Almohads, under the leadership of Abd al-Mu'min, in the Oran area. He was besieged for several days by the Almohad forces and finally opted for escaping by sea. He subsequently called on a fleet from Almeria, burned his military encampment and while trying to join the port by night on horseback, he fell off a cliff and died in March 1145.[1] He was succeeded first by his son Ibrahim ibn Tashfin, who was still an infant, and soon after by his brother Ishaq ibn Ali.

References[]

  1. ^ a b Ibn Khaldun, Abderahman (1377). تاريخ ابن خلدون: ديوان المبتدأ و الخبر في تاريخ العرب و البربر و من عاصرهم من ذوي الشأن الأكبر. Volume 6. دار الفكر. p. 308.
  2. ^ Unknown author (1312). كتاب مفاخر البربر. Hassan II University of Casablanca. p. 151.
  3. ^ Extrait de la Chronique intitulée Kamel-Altevarykh par Ibn-Alatyr, RHC Historiens orientaux I, p. 413.


Preceded by
Ali ibn Yusuf
Almoravids
1143–1145
Succeeded by
Ibrahim ibn Tashfin