Stephen Heller

Stephen Heller by Alfred Lemoine.

Stephen Heller (Hungarian: Heller István) (15 May 1813[1] – 14 January 1888) was a Hungarian pianist, teacher and composer whose career spanned the period from Schumann to Bizet,[2] and was an influence for later Romantic composers.


Stephen Heller was born in Pest (now Budapest), Hungary in 1813. He had been destined for a legal career, but instead decided to devote his life to music. At the age of nine he performed Jan Ladislav Dussek's Concerto for Two Pianos with his teacher, F. Brauer, at the Budapest Theater. He played so well that he was sent to study in Vienna, Austria, under Carl Czerny. Unable to afford Czerny's expensive fees, he became a student of Anton Halm.[2] After a success in the first public concert in Vienna at the age of 15, his father undertook a concert tour through Hungary, Poland and Germany.

Heller returned to Budapest by way of Kassel, Frankfurt, Nuremberg, Hamburg, and Augsburg. After passing the winter of 1829 at Hamburg, he was taken ill at Augsburg in the summer of 1830. He abandoned the tour there and was soon afterwards adopted by a wealthy patron of music.

At the age of 25, he travelled to Paris, where he became closely acquainted with Hector Berlioz, Frédéric Chopin, Franz Liszt and other renowned composers of his era. Here Heller eventually achieved distinction both as a concert performer and as a teacher. He taught piano to Isidor Philipp who later became the head of the piano department of the Conservatoire de Paris.

In 1849 he performed in England, where in 1850 he was the subject of a long serial (that is, divided between many issues) article devoted to his music in the British Musical World,[3] and in 1862 he played Mozart's E-flat concerto for two pianos with Charles Hallé at The Crystal Palace.

With these brief interruptions, the last twenty-five years of his life were spent at Paris. He outlived his reputation, and was almost forgotten when he died in 1888.


Heller was a prolific composer for the piano and his studies remain popular with music teachers and students.

Stephen Heller's grave (Père Lachaise Cemetery)

Complete worklist[]

Works without opus numbers[]


Further reading[]


  1. ^ Grove, George (1879). Dictionary of Music and Musicians 1450-1880. Oxford University Press. p. 725. (first ion) gives his date of birth as May 15, 1815
  2. ^ a b Clarfield, Ingrid Jacobson (2006). Burgmuller, Czerny & Hanon -- Piano Studies Selected for Technique and Musicality, Vol. 3. Alfred Music Publishing. p. 8. ISBN 073-904-066-9.
  3. ^ 1850-1 Musical World at Google Books
  4. ^ Musical World, 1850-1 at Google Books, page 49 (January 26, 1850 issue) has a review, extracted from the Athenæum (not original with the Musical World), of the second sonata in its original publication.

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