St John's Wood

St John's Wood
StJohnsWoodHighStreet.JPG
St John's Wood High Street
St John's Wood is located in Greater London
St John's Wood
St John's Wood
Location within Greater London
OS grid referenceTQ265835
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtNW8
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°32′10″N 0°10′30″W / 51.5361°N 0.1751°W / 51.5361; -0.1751Coordinates: 51°32′10″N 0°10′30″W / 51.5361°N 0.1751°W / 51.5361; -0.1751

St John's Wood is a district in the City of Westminster, west London, lying about 2.5 miles (4 km) northwest of Charing Cross. Traditionally the northern part of the ancient parish and Metropolitan Borough of Marylebone, it extends east to west from Regent’s Park to the Edgware Road, with the Swiss Cottage area of Hampstead lying to the north.[1][2]

The area is best known for Lord's Cricket Ground, home of Marylebone Cricket Club, Middlesex CCC, and a regular international Test Cricket venue. It also includes the Abbey Road Studios, well known through its association with the Beatles.

Origin[]

Once part of the Great Middlesex Forest, from 1238 it was, as St. Johns Wood Farm, a property of St John's Priory, Clerkenwell (the Knights of St John of Jerusalem). This area was equivalent to what was then the north part of Marylebone.

The Priory allocated the estate estate to agricultural tenants as a source of produce and income.[3] The estate remained Crown property until 21 March 1675 (1676) when Charles II granted the St John's Wood estate to Charles Henry Wotton[4]. On 22 March 1732 (1733) City merchant Henry Samuel Eyre (1676-1754) acquired the majority of the estate, around 500 acres, from Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield. The St John's Wood estate came to be known as the Eyre estate in the 19th century after it was developed by the Eyre brothers. The estate still exists much reduced geographically.

A map showing the St John's Wood ward of St Marylebone Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916.

Built environment[]

A masterplan for the development of St John's Wood was prepared in 1794 but development did not start until 1804 when Henry Samuel Eyre II (1770-1851) and Walpole Eyre (1773-1856) held their first auction.[5] St John's Wood developed from the early 19th century onwards. One of the first developers was James Burton.[6] It was among the first London suburbs with lower-density villa housing and frequent avenues, but fewer communal garden squares. Most of the villas have since been subdivided and replaced by small apartment blocks or terraces.[7] This pattern of development has made it one of the most expensive areas of London.[8]

It is an affluent neighbourhood,[9] with the area postcode (NW8) ranked by Forbes magazine as the fifth most expensive in London, based on average home prices in 2007.[10] According to a 2014 survey, St John's Wood tenants pay the highest average rent in London, at £1,889 per week.[11]

The area is home to St. John's Wood Church Grounds, which contains the only nature reserve in the City of Westminster. Much of the neighbourhood is covered by a conservation area, a small part of which extends into neighbouring Camden.[12]

St John's Wood is the location of Lord's Cricket Ground, home of Middlesex County Cricket Club, the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC), an international test cricket grounds known as the Home of Cricket[13] on account of its role as the original headquarters of cricket. Lords opened in 1810, replacing Lord's Old Ground, also in St John’s Wood, which had been in operation since 1787 and which was subsequently redeveloped as Dorset Square.

Abbey Road Studios are located in Abbey Road, where The Beatles recorded, notably the Abbey Road album, the cover of which features the band crossing the road.

The King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery was formerly based at St John's Wood Barracks. The regiment moved to Woolwich on 6 February 2012; the barracks has been demolished and the site developed as upmarket housing.[14] Grove Road power station in Lodge Road was a former electricity generating station that operated from 1902 until its closure and demolition in 1969. It is now the site of two major high-voltage electricity sub-stations.[15]

Education[]

The area has various schools, both state and independent:

Places of worship[]

St John's Wood has a range of places of worship.

Christian[]

Muslim[]

Jewish[]

Transport and locales[]

Neighbouring locations:

The nearest London Underground stations are St John's Wood and Swiss Cottage on the Jubilee line; Maida Vale, Marylebone and Warwick Avenue on the Bakerloo line; and Baker Street on Bakerloo line, Jubilee line, Hammersmith & City line, Metropolitan line and Circle line.

The nearest London Overground station is South Hampstead.

Notable residents[]

Commemorative blue plaques[]

Past and present residents[]

St John's Wood in literature, music and television[]

References[]

  1. ^ "Camden Council: St John's Wood (East and West) conservation area appraisal and management strategy at 1.1 measures "3.83 hectares" otherwise the area is in Westminster and at 5.3 "Eyre's estate" [approximately equal in size] measured 500 acres". Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Westminster Council: St John's Wood Conservation Area Appraisal: 3.6 Sale of land in St John's Wood by the Crown began in the early 18th century. Henry Samuel Eyre acquired the largest portion in 1732: a 500 acre estate that stretched roughly from what is now Rossmore Road to Swiss Cottage, bounded by Hamilton Terrace to the west and Avenue Road to the east" (PDF). Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  3. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales Vol. 3 "JOHN'S WOOD (ST.)", p.1067, 1870-72, John Marius Wilson archived
  4. ^ Galinou, Mireille. (2010). Cottages and villas : the birth of the garden suburb. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 33. ISBN 978-0-300-16726-9. OCLC 639574771.
  5. ^ Galinou (2010). Yale. pp. 61 & 88. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ "Celebrating the birth in July 1761 of James Burton, the founder of St Leonards-on-Sea and builder-developer in Bloomsbury". Victoria County History. 29 July 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  7. ^ a b Elrington, C R (Editor); Baker, T F T; Bolton, Diane K; Croot, Patricia E C, "A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, p.60–63" British-History.ac.uk, 1989. Retrieved 24 January 2011
  8. ^ "U.K.'s Most Expensive Postcodes". Forbes. 12 December 2007. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  9. ^ Sherwood, Bob (7 April 2010). "Affluent enclave sitting on political front line". Financial Times.
  10. ^ "In Pictures: London's Most Expensive Postcodes". Forbes.
  11. ^ Prudence Ivey (20 November 2014). "St John's Wood tenants pay the highest rent in London - Hampstead & Highgate Property". Hamhigh.co.uk. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  12. ^ https://www.camden.gov.uk/documents/20142/7918327/St+Johns+Wood+CA+map.pdf/8d4a1704-d6dd-f91c-ef7a-5ac956dce658
  13. ^ "Lord's". Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 August 2009.
  14. ^ Ross Lydall (6 February 2012). "Final salute: St John's Wood bids farewell to the King's Troop after two centuries – UK – News". Evening Standard. London. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  15. ^ "St. John's Wood LPN Regional Development Plan" (PDF). UK Power Networks. 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  16. ^ Plaque detail at English Heritage
  17. ^ Plaque detail
  18. ^ Plaque detail
  19. ^ Plaque detail
  20. ^ Plaque detail
  21. ^ Plaque detail
  22. ^ Plaque detail
  23. ^ Plaque detail
  24. ^ Plaque detail
  25. ^ Plaque detail
  26. ^ Anthony Quinton. "ALFRED JULES AYER". Ucl.ac.uk. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  27. ^ a b c "St. John's Wood". Cwhr.co.uk.
  28. ^ Prudence Ivey (10 November 2014). "For sale: Monty Python star Eric Idle's St John's Wood house - Hampstead & Highgate Property". Hamhigh.co.uk. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  29. ^ O'Toole, Leagues (2006). The Humours of Planxty. Ireland: Hodder Headline. ISBN 0-340-83796-9.
  30. ^ Fusion Advertising & Design. "Area Guide to St John's Wood – Property guide to St John's Wood from". ludlowthompson.com. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  31. ^ Jonathan Prynn (15 October 2014). "Rupert Murdoch's daughter buys home in St John's Wood for £38.5m after split from husband Matthew Freud". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  32. ^ Detailed in Richards' 2010 autobiography, "Life"

External links[]

Media related to St. John's Wood at Wikimedia Commons