|St. Mary's Cathedral|
|புனித மரியன்னை பேராலயம்|
|Former name(s)||St. Mary's Church|
|Bishop(s)||Justin Bernard Gnanapragasam|
|Priest(s)||Rev. Fr. R. C. X. Neasarajah|
St. Mary's Cathedral (Tamil: புனித மரியன்னை பேராலயம், translit. Puṉita Mariyaṉṉai Pērālayam; Sinhalese: ශාන්ත මරියා ආසන දෙව් මැදුර Śānta Mariyā Āsana Dev Mædura) is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Jaffna located in Gurunagar, a suburb of Jaffna in northern Sri Lanka.
According to local folklore King of Jaffna Cankili I killed his son at the location of the present cathedral after his son converted to Catholicism. The prince's ashes were buried at the spot where he was killed and a chapel, which later served as the foundation for the construction of the present cathedral, was built.
Construction of St. Mary's Church began in 1789 and was completed in 1794. The first parish priest was Rev. Fr. Leonard Rebeiro. The church was built on the site of a thatched house that had previously served as a worshipping place for Jaffna's Catholics. The church has a total of fourteen novenas. The ancestors of the 10th and 11th novenaa gifted land for the church and the ancestors of the 12th and 13th novenas gifted land and also contributed with money for purchasing land for the church.
By the early twentieth century the church, which was now a cathedral, had become too small to accommodate all its worshippers. Construction of a new cathedral began in 1939 but wasn't completed until 1975.
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