Speyer

Speyer
Speyer: Maximilianstraße with cathedral in the background
Speyer: Maximilianstraße with cathedral in the background
Coat of arms of Speyer
Coat of arms
Location of Speyer
Speyer is located in Germany
Speyer
Speyer
Speyer is located in Rhineland-Palatinate
Speyer
Speyer
Coordinates: 49°19′10″N 8°25′52″E / 49.31944°N 8.43111°E / 49.31944; 8.43111Coordinates: 49°19′10″N 8°25′52″E / 49.31944°N 8.43111°E / 49.31944; 8.43111
CountryGermany
StateRhineland-Palatinate
DistrictUrban district
Government
 • Lord MayorHansjörg Eger (CDU)
Area
 • Total42.58 km2 (16.44 sq mi)
Elevation
92 m (302 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total50,931
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
67346
Dialling codes06232
Vehicle registrationSP
Websitewww.speyer.de

Speyer (German pronunciation: [ˈʃpaɪ̯ɐ], older spelling Speier, known as Spire in French and formerly as Spires in English) is a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, with approximately 50,000 inhabitants. Located beside the river Rhine, Speyer is 25 km (16 miles) south of Ludwigshafen and Mannheim. Founded by the Romans, it is one of Germany's oldest cities. Speyer is dominated by the Speyer Cathedral, a number of churches and the Altpörtel (old gate). In the cathedral, beneath the high altar, are the tombs of eight Holy Roman Emperors and German kings.

The city is famous for the 1529 Protestation at Speyer.

History[]

Free Imperial City of Speyer

Reichsstadt Speyer
1294–1792
StatusFree Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
CapitalSpeyer
Common languagesPalatine German
GovernmentRepublic
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Founded
ca 10 BC
• Gained Reichsfreiheit
1294
• Speyer Diet confirms Edict of Worms
19 April 1529
• Protestation at Speyer
20 April 1529
1688
• Annexed by France
1792
• Annexed to Bavaria
1816 1792
10 August 1946
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Bishopric of Speyer
Mont-Tonnerre
Main street in Speyer with the Speyer Cathedral in the background

The first known names were Noviomagus and Civitas Nemetum, after the Teutonic tribe, Nemetes, settled in the area. The name Spira is first recorded in the 7th century, taken from villa Spira, a Frankish settlement situated outside of Civitas Nemetum.

Timeline[]

Main sights[]

View of the river Rhine from the top of the Speyer Cathedral
View of Speyer from its cathedral

Transportation[]

Speyer lies on the Schifferstadt-Wörth railway and offers hourly connections to Mannheim and Karlsruhe.

Mayors[]

Since 1923 the mayor was a Lord Mayor.[5]

  • Philipp Lichtenberger (1855-1918) (1904–1911)
  • Ernst Hertrich (1911–1914) (first full-time mayor)
  • Otto Moericke (1880-1965) (1917–1919)
  • Karl Leiling (1919–1943)
  • Rudolf Trampler (1898-1974) (1943–1945)
  • Karl Leiling (1945–1946)
  • Hans Hettinger (1946)
  • Paul Schaefer (1946–1949)
  • Paulus Skopp (1905-1999) (1949–1969)
  • Christian Roßkopf (born 1930) (1969–1995)
  • Werner Schineller (born 1948) (1995–2010)
  • Hansjörg Eger (born 1964) (since 2011)

Twin towns – sister cities[]

Speyer is twinned with:[6]

Notable natives[]

Born before 1900[]

Carl Jakob Adolf Christian Gerhardt
Wilhelm Meyer around 1895
Anselm Feuerbach Self-portrait 1873
Hermann Detzner, 1921

Born after 1900[]

See also[]

Notes[]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand 2017 - Gemeindeebene". Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Simon Schama, The History of the Jews, Vintage Books 2014 p.298
  3. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Spires". Encyclopædia Britannica. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 694.
  4. ^ German University of Administrative Sciences Speyer
  5. ^ Der Kaiserdom zu Speyer – Startseite
  6. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften" (official web site) (in German). Stadt Speyer. Retrieved 2015-01-16.
  7. ^ "International collaboration". gmiezno.eu. Gniezno. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  8. ^ "Ningde (China)" (official web site) (in German). Stadt Speyer. Retrieved 2015-01-16.

External links[]