South Jeolla Province
|• Revised Romanization||Jeollanam-do|
|Subdivisions||5 cities; 17 counties|
|• Governor||Kim Yung-rok (Democratic)|
|• Total||12,247 km2 (4,729 sq mi)|
|• Density||142/km2 (370/sq mi)|
|• Flower||Camellia japonica|
|• Bird||Oriental turtle dove|
|ISO 3166 code||KR-46|
|Website||jeonnam.go.kr ‹See Tfd›(in English)|
South Jeolla Province (Korean: 전라남도, Jeollanam-do, Korean pronunciation: [tɕʌl.la.nam.do]) is a province of South Korea. South Jeolla has a population of 1,902,324 (2014) and has a geographic area of 12,247 km2 (4,729 sq mi) located in the Honam region at the southwestern tip of the Korean Peninsula. South Jeolla borders the provinces of North Jeolla to the north, South Gyeongsang to the northeast, and Jeju to the southwest in the Korea Strait.
Muan County is the capital and Yeosu is the largest city of South Jeolla, with other major cities including Suncheon, Mokpo, and Gwangyang. Gwangju was the historic capital and largest city of South Jeolla until becoming a Metropolitan City in 2005, and the provincial government was relocated to the Muan County town of Namak.
South Jeolla was established in 1896 from the province of Jeolla, one of the Eight Provinces of Korea, consisting of the southern half of its mainland territory and most outlying islands. South Jeolla was known as Zenra-nan Prefecture during the Japanese Colonial Period from 1910 and became part of South Korea following the division of Korea in 1945.
There are almost 2,000 islands along the coastline, about three quarters of which are uninhabited. The coastline is about 6,100 kilometres (3,800 mi) long. Some of the marine products, in particular oyster and seaweed cultivation, are leading in South Korea.
The province is only partially mountainous. The plains along the rivers Seomjin, Yeongsan and Tamjin create a large granary. There is abundant rainfall in the area, which helps agriculture. The province is also home to the warmest weather on the peninsula. This helps to produce large amounts of agricultural produce, mainly rice, wheat, barley, pulses and potatoes. Vegetables, cotton and fruits are also grown in the province.
|— City —|
|1||Yeosu||여수시||麗水市||290,774||1 eup, 6 myeon, 20 haengjeong-dong|
|3||Suncheon||순천시||順天市||279,435||1 eup, 10 myeon, 13 haengjeong-dong|
|4||Gwangyang||광양시||光陽市||152,131||1 eup, 6 myeon, 5 haengjeong-dong|
|5||Naju||나주시||羅州市||100,312||1 eup, 12 myeon, 7 haengjeong-dong|
|— County —|
|6||Muan County||무안군||務安郡||71,294||3 eup, 6 myeon|
|7||Haenam County||해남군||海南郡||81,321||1 eup, 13 myeon|
|8||Goheung County||고흥군||高興郡||76,118||2 eup, 14 myeon|
|9||Hwasun County||화순군||和順郡||70,757||1 eup, 12 myeon|
|10||Yeongam County||영암군||靈巖郡||64,596||2 eup, 9 myeon|
|11||Yeonggwang County||영광군||靈光郡||58,026||3 eup, 8 myeon|
|12||Wando County||완도군||莞島郡||54 867||3 eup, 9 myeon|
|13||Damyang County||담양군||潭陽郡||48,329||1 eup, 11 myeon|
|14||Boseong County||보성군||寶城郡||49,940||2 eup, 10 myeon|
|15||Jangseong County||장성군||長城郡||47,231||1 eup, 10 myeon|
|16||Jangheung County||장흥군||長興郡||42,643||3 eup, 7 myeon|
|17||Gangjin County||강진군||康津郡||41,160||1 eup, 10 myeon|
|18||Sinan County||신안군||新安郡||46,007||2 eup, 12 myeon|
|19||Hampyeong County||함평군||咸平郡||37,528||1 eup, 8 myeon|
|20||Jindo County||진도군||珍島郡||34,486||1 eup, 6 myeon|
|21||Gokseong County||곡성군||谷城郡||32,896||1 eup, 10 myeon|
|22||Gurye County||구례군||求禮郡||27,765||1 eup, 7 myeon|
According to the census of 2005, of the people of South Jeolla 30.5% follow Christianity (21.8% Protestantism and 8.7% Catholicism) and 16.1% follow Buddhism. 53.4% of the population is mostly not religious or follow Muism and other indigenous religions.
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