|Coordinates: 26°34′N 31°42′E / 26.56°N 31.7°ECoordinates: 26°34′N 31°42′E / 26.56°N 31.7°E|
|• Governor||Ahmed Abdullah Al Ansari|
|• Total||1,547 km2 (597 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
Sohag Governorate (Arabic: محافظة سوهاج) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It is located in the southern part of the country (Upper Egypt), and covers a stretch of the Nile Valley. Since 1960, its capital has been the city of Sohag. Prior to that, the capital was the city of Girga and the name of the governorate was Girga Governorate.
The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.
In early 2019, some residents of the poorer villages of Sohag were able to move into their new homes built, in part, with aid from the National Bank of Kuwait. There was a celebration for the completion of 115 homes where residents also received cattle and other gifts.
In April 2019, the archaeological mission of the Ministry of Antiquities led by Mostafa Waziri uncovered a tomb of a nobleman called Toutou and his wife at Al-Dayabat archaeological site dating back to the Ptolemaic era. The tomb contained two tiny rooms with two limestone sarcophagi. Besides, well preserved mummy, mummified animals and birds including falcons, eagles, cats, dogs and shrews were also revealed in the tomb.
The governorate is divided into municipal divisions with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 4,995,155. In the case of Sohag governorate, there are two new cities, five agsam and twelve marakiz. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.
|Anglicized name||Native name||Arabic transliteration||Population
(July 2017 Est.)
|El Balyana||مركز البلينا||Al-Balyanā||525,042||Markaz|
|El Kawtar||قسم الكوثر||Al-Kawthar||4,859||Kism (fully urban)|
|El Maragha||مركز المراغة||Al-Marāghah||394,232||Markaz|
|El Munsha||مركز المنشأة||Al-Munsha'āh||404,030||Markaz|
|Dar El Salam||مركز دار السلام||Dar as-Salām||411,524||Markaz|
|Girga||قسم جرجا||Jirjā||146,756||Kism (urban and rural parts)|
|Juhaynah West||مركز جهينة الغربية||Juhaynah al-Gharbiyah||272,650||Markaz|
|New Akhmim||مدينة أخميم الجديدة||Madīnat Akhmīm al-Jadīdah||0||New City|
|New Sohag||مدينة سوهاج الجديدة||Madīnat Sawhāj al-Jadīdah||174||New City|
|Sohag 1||قسم اول سوهاج||Sawhāj 1||132,058||Kism (fully urban)|
|Sohag 2||قسم ثان سوهاج||Sawhāj 2||109,376||Kism (fully urban)|
|Tahta||قسم طهطا||Ṭahṭā||165,026||Kism (urban and rural parts)|
According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 21.4%. Out of an estimated 4,603,861 people residing in the governorate in 2015, 3,618,543 people lived in rural areas and 985,318 lived in urban areas.
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate: