Socialist Party of Senegal

Socialist Party of Senegal
Parti socialiste du Sénégal
First SecretaryOusmane Tanor Dieng
FounderLéopold Sédar Senghor
Founded1958 (as UPS)
1976 (as PS)
Preceded bySenegalese Popular Bloc
HeadquartersHann Bel-Air, Dakar
Ideology1958-1976:
African nationalism
African socialism
1976-present:
Social democracy
Democratic socialism
Political positionCentre-left
International affiliationProgressive Alliance
Socialist International
National Assembly
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Website
www.ps-senegal.sn

The Socialist Party of Senegal (Parti Socialiste du Sénégal, PS) is a political party in Senegal. It was the ruling party in Senegal from independence in 1960 until 2000. Ousmane Tanor Dieng has been the First Secretary of the party since 1996. The best-known figure of the PS was Léopold Sédar Senghor, the first President of Senegal.

In the 2000 presidential election, the party's candidate, long-time president Abdou Diouf, was defeated by the leader of the Senegalese Democratic Party, Abdoulaye Wade, in a second round of voting. Diouf received the most votes, 41.3%, in the first round, but in the second round he received only 41.51% against Wade.[1] In the parliamentary election held on 29 April 2001, the party won 17.4% of the popular vote and 10 out of 120 seats.[1][2] Tanor Dieng was the party's candidate in the February 2007 presidential election; he took third place with 13.56% of the vote.[3] The party participated in a boycott of the June 2007 parliamentary election.

The Socialist Party is a full member of the Socialist International.[4]

Political history[]

The Socialist Party of Senegal was first created in 1958 right before Senegal gained independence.[5] The Party was founded by Leopold Sedar Senghor and it was in power under him politically from 1960 to 1980.[6] The Socialist Party of Senegal was initially known as the Senegalese Progressive Union (UPS).[5] Senghor had founded the Senegalese Democratic Bloc in 1948 and in 1958 it merged with another political party to become the UPS.[7] The UPS became the ruling party of Senegal in 1960 once independence was gained. The UPS officially was known as the Socialist Party of Senegal starting in 1976.[7]

When Senegal gained independence in 1960, Senghor was unanimously elected president.[7] In the early 1960s, there was a personal and political rivalry between President Senghor and Prime Minister Mamadoua Dia. In 1962, there was a coup attempt. Dia accept blame and was sent to prison as a result.[5] In 1963 Senghor ran unopposed for president and consequently won. By 1966, Senegal could be considered a one-party state.[5] This occurred because Senghor was running unopposed as president and the economic stability of Senegal began to fade.[8] Senegal relied heavily on peanut-farming and this source of economic stability was in decline.[5] Single-party rule prevented an overwhelming economic crisis and ensured social stability in Senegal, which was appealing to people in the country.[5]

Leopold Sedar Senghor voluntarily resigned from position of president in 1980 and Abdou Diouf came into power as Senghor's hand-picked successor.[5]

In the 2000 presidential election, the Socialist Party of Senegal was defeated and no longer the ruling party for the first time in 40 years. Abdou Diouf, the 19-year incumbent of the Social Party, was defeated by Abdoulaye Wade. The removal of Diouf from office by an election broke the political monopoly the Socialist Party had on Senegal and helped establish Senegal as one of the African countries with the most advanced democracies.[5]

Electoral history[]

Presidential elections[]

Election date Party candidate Number of votes Percentage of votes Number of votes Percentage of votes Results
First Round Second Round
1963 Léopold Sédar Senghor 1,149,935 100% - - Elected
1968 Léopold Sédar Senghor 1,229,927 100% - - Elected
1973 Léopold Sédar Senghor 1,357,056 100% - - Elected
1978 Léopold Sédar Senghor 807,515 82.2% - - Elected
1983 Abdou Diouf 908,879 83.45% - - Elected
1988 Abdou Diouf 828,301 73.20% - - Elected
1993 Abdou Diouf 757,311 58.40% - - Elected
2000 Abdou Diouf 690,917 41.30% 687,969 41.51% Lost
2007 Ousmane Tanor Dieng 464,287 13.56% - - Lost
2012 Ousmane Tanor Dieng 305,924 11.30% - - Lost

Parliamentary elections[]

Election date Party leader Number of votes Percentage of votes Number of seats
1957 Léopold Sédar Senghor 449,844 78.0%
47 / 60
1963 Léopold Sédar Senghor 1,132,518 94.20%
80 / 80
1968 Léopold Sédar Senghor 1,209,984 100%
80 / 80
1973 Léopold Sédar Senghor 1,355,306 100%
100 / 100
1978 Léopold Sédar Senghor 790,799 81.74%
82 / 100
1983 Abdou Diouf 862,713 79.94%
111 / 120
1988 Abdou Diouf 794,559 71.34%
103 / 120
1993 Abdou Diouf 602,171 56.56%
84 / 120
1998 Abdou Diouf 612,559 50.2%
93 / 140
2001 Ousmane Tanor Dieng 326,126 17.4%
10 / 120
2007 Ousmane Tanor Dieng Boycotted
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See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ a b Elections in Senegal, African Elections Database.
  2. ^ 2001 parliamentary election, IPU PARLINE.
  3. ^ "Le texte intégral de la décision du Conseil constitutionnel", Agence de Presse Sénégalaise (Seneweb.com), March 11, 2007 (in French).
  4. ^ List of Socialist International member parties.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Kanté, Babacar (1994). "Senegal's Empty Elections". Journal of Democracy. 5 (1): 96–108. doi:10.1353/jod.1994.0007. ISSN 1086-3214.
  6. ^ Adi, Hakim; Sherwood, Marika (2003-12-16). Pan-African History: Political Figures from Africa and the Diaspora Since 1787. Routledge. ISBN 9781134689330.
  7. ^ a b c "Senegal: 1974-present | ICNC". ICNC. Retrieved 2018-10-12.
  8. ^ Mbow, Penda (2008). "Senegal: The Return of Personalism". Journal of Democracy. 19 (1): 156–169. doi:10.1353/jod.2008.0013. ISSN 1086-3214.

External links[]