|First Secretary||Ousmane Tanor Dieng|
|Founder||Léopold Sédar Senghor|
|Founded||1958 (as UPS)|
1976 (as PS)
|Preceded by||Senegalese Popular Bloc|
|Headquarters||Hann Bel-Air, Dakar|
|International affiliation||Progressive Alliance|
0 / 150
The Socialist Party of Senegal (Parti Socialiste du Sénégal, PS) is a political party in Senegal. It was the ruling party in Senegal from independence in 1960 until 2000. Ousmane Tanor Dieng has been the First Secretary of the party since 1996. The best-known figure of the PS was Léopold Sédar Senghor, the first President of Senegal.
In the 2000 presidential election, the party's candidate, long-time president Abdou Diouf, was defeated by the leader of the Senegalese Democratic Party, Abdoulaye Wade, in a second round of voting. Diouf received the most votes, 41.3%, in the first round, but in the second round he received only 41.51% against Wade. In the parliamentary election held on 29 April 2001, the party won 17.4% of the popular vote and 10 out of 120 seats. Tanor Dieng was the party's candidate in the February 2007 presidential election; he took third place with 13.56% of the vote. The party participated in a boycott of the June 2007 parliamentary election.
The Socialist Party of Senegal was first created in 1958 right before Senegal gained independence. The Party was founded by Leopold Sedar Senghor and it was in power under him politically from 1960 to 1980. The Socialist Party of Senegal was initially known as the Senegalese Progressive Union (UPS). Senghor had founded the Senegalese Democratic Bloc in 1948 and in 1958 it merged with another political party to become the UPS. The UPS became the ruling party of Senegal in 1960 once independence was gained. The UPS officially was known as the Socialist Party of Senegal starting in 1976.
When Senegal gained independence in 1960, Senghor was unanimously elected president. In the early 1960s, there was a personal and political rivalry between President Senghor and Prime Minister Mamadoua Dia. In 1962, there was a coup attempt. Dia accept blame and was sent to prison as a result. In 1963 Senghor ran unopposed for president and consequently won. By 1966, Senegal could be considered a one-party state. This occurred because Senghor was running unopposed as president and the economic stability of Senegal began to fade. Senegal relied heavily on peanut-farming and this source of economic stability was in decline. Single-party rule prevented an overwhelming economic crisis and ensured social stability in Senegal, which was appealing to people in the country.
Leopold Sedar Senghor voluntarily resigned from position of president in 1980 and Abdou Diouf came into power as Senghor's hand-picked successor.
In the 2000 presidential election, the Socialist Party of Senegal was defeated and no longer the ruling party for the first time in 40 years. Abdou Diouf, the 19-year incumbent of the Social Party, was defeated by Abdoulaye Wade. The removal of Diouf from office by an election broke the political monopoly the Socialist Party had on Senegal and helped establish Senegal as one of the African countries with the most advanced democracies.
|Election date||Party candidate||Number of votes||Percentage of votes||Number of votes||Percentage of votes||Results|
|First Round||Second Round|
|1963||Léopold Sédar Senghor||1,149,935||100%||-||-||Elected|
|1968||Léopold Sédar Senghor||1,229,927||100%||-||-||Elected|
|1973||Léopold Sédar Senghor||1,357,056||100%||-||-||Elected|
|1978||Léopold Sédar Senghor||807,515||82.2%||-||-||Elected|
|2007||Ousmane Tanor Dieng||464,287||13.56%||-||-||Lost|
|2012||Ousmane Tanor Dieng||305,924||11.30%||-||-||Lost|
|Election date||Party leader||Number of votes||Percentage of votes||Number of seats|
|1957||Léopold Sédar Senghor||449,844||78.0%|
47 / 60
|1963||Léopold Sédar Senghor||1,132,518||94.20%|
80 / 80
|1968||Léopold Sédar Senghor||1,209,984||100%|
80 / 80
|1973||Léopold Sédar Senghor||1,355,306||100%|
100 / 100
|1978||Léopold Sédar Senghor||790,799||81.74%|
82 / 100
111 / 120
103 / 120
84 / 120
93 / 140
|2001||Ousmane Tanor Dieng||326,126||17.4%|
10 / 120
|2007||Ousmane Tanor Dieng||Boycotted|
0 / 150
|This article about a political party in Senegal is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|