Siege of Busanjin

The Siege of Busan Castle
Part of Imjin War
The Siege of Busan Castle.
The Siege of Busan Castle
Date24 May 1592[1]
LocationBusanjin-gu, Busan
Result Japanese victory
Belligerents
Japanese First Division Joseon
Commanders and leaders
Strength
? 20,000[2]
Casualties and losses
? 1,200-8,500 killed[3][2]
200 captured[3]
Japanese army finally sacks the city of Busan.

The Siege of Busanjin was a battle fought at Busan on 24 May, 1592, between Japanese and Korean forces. The attacks on Busan and the neighboring fort of Dadaejin were the first battles of the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98).[4]

Background[]

The Japanese First Division departed from Tsushima Island on 23 May and arrived at Busan harbor without any incident. They rested their overnight and in the morning Konishi Yukinaga and Sō Yoshitoshi split their forces and attacked Busan as well as a nearby fort called Dadaejin.[5]

The Joseon fleet of 150 ships did nothing and sat idle at port while Gyeongsang Left Navy Commander Bak Hong reported to Gyeongsang Right Navy Commander Won Gyun, who thought the invasion might have been a really large trade mission.[6]

The commander of Busan, Yeong Bal, spotted the invasion fleet while hunting on Yeong Island off Busan Harbor and rushed back to Busan to prepare defenses.[5]

Battle[]

Early in the morning of May 24, 1592, Sō Yoshitoshi attacked Busan. They tried to take the south gate first but took heavy casualties and were forced to switch to the north gate. The Japanese took high ground positions on the mountain behind Busan and shot at Korean defenders within the city until they created a breach in their northern defenses.[2] The Koreans ran out of arrows and Commander Jeong Bal was then struck by a bullet and died, causing morale to collapse and the swift fall of the city.[4]

Aftermath[]

The Japanese massacred thousands. "Both men, women, and even dogs and cats were beheaded."[3] The First Division rested overnight at Busan and then advanced towards Dongnae.[7]

Gyeongsang Left Navy Commander Bak Hong watched the fall of Busan from a distance. He then scuttled his fleet of 100 ships, destroyed the weapons and provisions, and fled to Hanseong.[3]

Legacy[]

There is a statue of Jeong Bal next to the Japanese Consulate in Busan.[5]

See also[]

Citations[]

  1. ^ Turnbull 2008, p. 10.
  2. ^ a b c Swope 2009, p. 89.
  3. ^ a b c d Hawley 2005, p. 145.
  4. ^ a b Turnbull 2008, p. 23-24.
  5. ^ a b c Turnbull 2008, p. 23.
  6. ^ Hawlely 2005, p. 142.
  7. ^ Turnbull 2008, p. 24.

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External links[]