Sichuan University

Sichuan University
四川大学
Sichuan University logo.png
Motto海纳百川 有容乃大
Motto in English
Sea, all water, receives all rivers; Utmost wit listens to all sides[1]
TypePublic
Established1896
PresidentLi Yanrong (李言荣)
Administrative staff
11,357
Students70,000[2]
Location, ,
China
Colors         
AffiliationsBRICS Universities League, Double First Class University, 211 Project, 985 Project
Websitehttp://en.scu.edu.cn

Sichuan University (Chinese: 四川大学; pinyin: Sìchuān Dàxué, SCU) is a public research university in Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Sichuan University is directed by the Ministry of Education. One of the top universities of China, it is a member of various education projects aiming at developing elite universities, including the Project 211, the Project 985 and the Double First Class University Plan.[3]

Sichuan University results from the merger of three institutions in 1994: the former Sichuan University, the Chengdu University of Science and Technology (CUST) and the West China University of Medical Sciences (WCUMS).

History[]

Old gate of the National Sichuan University

Sichuan University is one of the earliest institutions of higher education in China. Its earliest predecessor was the Sichuan Chinese and Western School (四川中西學堂), a school established in 1896 that combined traditional and modern methods of education. In 1902, it was merged with two traditional Chinese academies, the Jinjiang Shuyuan (錦江書院, founded 1740) and the Zunjing Shuyuan (尊經書院, founded 1875), and became known as the Sichuan Higher School (四川高等学堂, later 四川高等学校). In 1916, after another merger with a normal school, it was renamed the National Chengdu Higher Normal School (國立成都高等師範學校). In the late 1920s, the institution was briefly divided into three universities, namely the National Chengdu University, the Chengdu Normal University and the Public Sichuan University. In 1931, however, they were reintegrated to form the National Sichuan University (國立四川大學). By 1949, the National Sichuan University had been developed into one of the largest multidisciplinary universities in China, with arts, science, engineering, agriculture, law, and normal schools and a total of 25 departments.

After the foundation of the PRC, the name was changed to Sichuan University. In the 1950s, the national "adjustment of colleges and departments" (院系调整) was organized, after which SCU specialized in arts and science. The schools of engineering and agriculture was mostly split off to form two new universities: the Chengdu Institute of Technology (成都工学院) and the Sichuan Institute of Agriculture. The normal school was merged into Southwest Normal University and Sichuan Teachers College. The school of law became part of the Southwest College of Political Science and Law. A number of departments in agriculture was transferred to the Southwest Institute of Agriculture, while the department of aeronautics was affiliated under the Beijing Institute of Aeronautics.

the north gate of Wangjiang Campus of SCU, taken on 17, Oct 2015

The Chengdu Institute of Technology, established in 1954, specialized in chemical engineering, hydroelectricity, mechanics, textiles, and light industry. In 1978, it was renamed to Chengdu University of Science and Technology (CUST).

The West China School of Medicine was originally founded as a private medical school, known as West China Union College (Chinese: 華西協和大學). It became a public university after the foundation of the PRC, being renamed to Sichuan Medical College in 1953 and West China University of Medical Science (WCUMS) in 1985. It was established in 1910 by five Christian missionary groups from the U.S., UK and Canada, with offered courses in stomatology, biomedicine, basic medicine and clinical medicine. By the 1990s, It had become one of the most reputable Chinese medical institutions at home and abroad.

In 1994, the SCU, CUST and WCUMS merged to form the Sichuan Union University (四川联合大学). The university adopted the current name in 1998.

Today, Sichuan University is the largest and most comprehensive university in Western China. SCU grants doctorates in twelve main disciplines and 111 subordinate disciplines. It also has six professional degree programs, and has 16 disciplines for postdoctoral research. The 109 bachelor's degree programs SCU grants cover the main fields in liberal arts, sciences, engineering, medicine and agriculture. Its current student population is more than 70,000.

Faculty[]

Sichuan University has a current total staff of 11,357, among which 1,323 are professors, 2,345 associate professors, 13 academicians of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering, 434 tutors of doctoral students, and 17 members of the Academic Degrees Committee and the Discipline Appraisal Group under the State Council. SCU has 23 professorships from the Yangtze River Scholar Award Plan (9 lecture professor).

Research[]

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[4]151-200
THE World[5]601-800
QS World[6]601-650
Regional – Overall
THE Asia[7]118
QS Asia[8]117
National – Overall
ARWU National[9]9-17
Jiang'an Campus of Sichuan University. The Ming-yuan Lake, the 1st teaching building, and the Jiang'an Library of SCU around it can be seen in the photo.

Sichuan University has two national key labs, six national engineering centers, five ministerial (MOE) key labs, 35 provincial key labs, 10 ministerial and provincial centers, four key research bases for humanities and social sciences, and four clinical research bases at the national level. The university has invested significantly in research, teaching and medical equipment, with a total value of about 530 million RMB.

SCU has undertaken and completed a number of national, ministerial and regional research projects, and has many achievements that are rated first class in China. The university publishes more than 4,000 research papers annually.

In 2002, the university's state and central government funding ranked fifth among Chinese universities; it was ranked seventh for the number of publications and eleventh for publications included in SCI. The citations ranked fifteenth among Chinese universities. The number of publications in science, engineering and medicine ranked sixth, and the citations ranked seventh among Chinese universities. In 2002, the university applied for 121 patents, 102 out of which were invention-oriented, making it number eighth among peer schools.

Facilities[]

Central atrium of the engineering library on the Wangjiang campus, July 2013

The university has four libraries containing ca. 5.5 million volumes in total.[10] The libraries also serve as the Collection Center for English Publications under the National Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Ministry of Education Information Center for Liberal Arts Literature and CALIS Southwest Sub-center.[11] The National University Scientific and Technological Projects and Achievements Consulting Center, and Center for Medical Literature Retrieval in Southwest China are served by the SCU library as well.

The university museum is the only one of its kind in China with a comprehensive collection of over 40,000 cultural relics, and over 600,000 animal and plant specimens, ranking first in its holdings among the others in China.[12][13]

The university stadium is fully equipped and served as the main field for the Sixth National Collegiate Sports Meet. Other facilities available include a campus web center, an analytic and testing center, university archives,[14] the university press, a national foreign language examination center and intensive language training center, four attached hospitals, and one attached health school. The university publishes 37 academic periodicals for domestic and overseas audience.

Campuses[]

Sichuan University's three campuses are located in Chengdu, the capital city of Sichuan Province. The older Wangjiang (望江) campus is in central Chengdu, adjacent to the Jinjiang River and its tributary the Jiang'an River. The nearby Huaxi (华西) campus is the site of the medical school. The Jiang'an (江安) campus was built in 2003 in Shuangliu County about 12.5 km away from the older campuses; it covers an area of about 4.7 km² and has total floorage of more than 2.7 million m². New attending students (most of them) will spend their first and second year in Jiang'an Campus (the newest campus) and then moving to Wangjiang campus for the rest of their college years.

Colleges and schools[]

The University has over 30 colleges or schools in various disciplines, including:[15]

Notable people associated with Sichuan University[]

Zhang Lan, social activist, educationist, and former Vice-Chairman of the Chinese Central Government, and Wu Yuzhang, revolutionary and educationist, were once the President of the university. Other notable people who studied at SCU include Marshal Zhu De, one of the founding fathers of the People's Republic of China and the People's Liberation Army, Guo Moruo, a literary expert and previous president of Chinese Academy of Science, Jinde Cao, Dean of the School of Mathematics at Southeast University,[17] and Ba Jin, a well-known Chinese author.

Other notable people include:

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ "About SCU - SiChuan University". Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  2. ^ Sichuan University
  3. ^ "教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 (Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines)".
  4. ^ "ARWU World University Rankings 2017 - Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017 - Top 500 universities - Shanghai Ranking - 2017". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  5. ^ "World University Rankings". 18 August 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  6. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2018". 5 June 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Asia University Rankings". 14 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  8. ^ "QS University Rankings: Asia 2016". 5 November 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  9. ^ "ARWU World University Rankings 2017 - Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017 - Top 500 universities - Shanghai Ranking - 2017". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  10. ^ Brief Introduction to the Library
  11. ^ CALIS website
  12. ^ Introduction Of Sichuan University Museum
  13. ^ University Museum official site
  14. ^ University Archives
  15. ^ List of disciplines
  16. ^ Sichuan University at hxkq.org
  17. ^ "数学学院". math.seu.edu.cn. Retrieved 2020-02-26.

External links[]

Coordinates: 30°37′59″N 104°05′16″E / 30.63301°N 104.08772°E / 30.63301; 104.08772