|Grand Knight of Valour|
image of the decoration
|Awarded by |
The Sovereign of Malaysia
|Established||29 July 1960|
|Ribbon||Yellow with red edges.|
|Awarded for||Supreme gallantry in extraordinary and highly dangerous situations.|
|Sovereign||Yang di-Pertuan Agong|
|Next (lower)||Order of the Royal Family of Malaysia|
Ribbon bar of the Honour
The Grand Knight of Valour (Malay: Darjah Kebesaran Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa) is the highest federal award which can be presented in Malaysia. It was created on 29 July 1960 and was gazetted on 11 August 1960. The award is the highest ranking in the list of the Malaysian Federal Ranking of Awards, and is ranked higher than the Order of the Royal Family of Malaysia (D.K.M.) awarded to Malaysian Royalty.
The Grand Knight of Valour is awarded to those Malaysians who have shown, "supreme courage and bravery in extraordinary and highly dangerous situations". The number of awards is not limited, and may be conferred to any eligible person, both civilian and military.
The Grand Knight of Valour, as the highest Armed Forces Gallantry Award, is the highest in the order of precedence in the awards and decorations of the Malaysian Armed Forces. It is also the highest award of the Malaysian Federal Awards, outranking the awards which carry the title of Datuk, Tan Sri, or Tun.
The award does not carry any title and is not listed in the Federal Order of Precedence. Since 1990, the award does carry a monetary stipend. With the passage of the Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa (Remembrance Allowance) Act 1990, recipients and their families are entitled to a monetary allowance.
Living recipients of the decoration are paid an allowance of RM 400 per month. Those who had received the award prior to the passage of the act, were paid retroactively to the date of their award, but not any earlier than June 1983. The allowance ends upon the death of the recipient. A posthumous recipient's next of kin receives a lump-sum payment of RM 20,000.
The medal pendant is made of silver. It is a crescent moon with the inscription Gagah Perkasa. Within arc of the moon is a fourteen-pointed star. An intricately designed clasp attaches the pendant to the ribbon. The medal's ribbon is royal yellow 1.5 inches wide with red stripes 1/8 inches wide.
The recipients does not receive any title.
|1||Special Constable||Veloo s/o Rajavelu||1963||Royal Malaysian Police – the first recipient of Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa. Honored for bravery and community service, laying down his life in combating piracy in Klang in August 1962.|
|2||Constable||Abu Bakar bin Ngah Wahab||1969||Police Field Force – Killed in action in Betong, South Thailand on 15 August 1968.|
|3||Second Lieutenant||Abdul Razak bin Hussain d/a Husain bin Salleh||1971||8th Battalion Royal Malaysian Rangers – Killed in action in Sendiawan, Sarawak, 1970.|
|4||Constable||Fong Thean Kit||1971||Royal Malaysia Police – caught a notorious criminal that kill Const. Yeap Sean Hua in Setapak, Kuala Lumpur on 30 April 1971. Constable Fong was recognised for bravery in arresting an armed man on the wanted list. Despite the gunman killing his colleague and wounding Constable Fong, he managed to capture the dangerous suspect.|
|5||Inspector||Gean Kartar Singh a/k Kean Singh||1971||Penang Prison – prevent a break-out at Penang prison in 1970.|
|6||Warrant Officer 2||Lenggu anak China||1971||1st Battalion Royal Malaysian Rangers – Killed in action in an ambush by communist terrorist in Tanjong Babi Batu, Song, Sarawak on 20 January 1971. Even though the enemy outnumbered the Security Forces, and having managed to destroy the forward boat, the fighting spirit of Warrant Officer 2 Lenggu anak China was not affected. In fact, it had the opposite effect. With determination and a very high spirit, in the highest traditions of the Ranger Corps, he launched a determined assault single handedly against the enemy. He managed to kill 4 of the enemy. In this action, Warrant Officer 2 Lenggu anak China fell beside the enemies he had killed.|
|7||Corporal||Yeap Sean Hua||1971||Royal Malaysia Police - Killed by armed criminal during a crime prevention round in Setapak, Kuala Lumpur on 30 April 1971.|
|8||Corporal||Ngalinuh Bala alias Kilah Atu||1972||Royal Malaysia Police – battle with communist terrorist in Sibu, Sarawak on 29 April 1972. While escorting explosives along Jalan Ulu Oya, Mubal, Sarawak with four of his men, Ngalinuh and his men were attacked by terrorists. Fighting back, Ngalinuh managed to injure and capture one of his attackers while driving the rest away, Ngalinuh sustained a near fatal knife wound to the chest in hand to hand armed combat, and survived.|
|9||Constable||Etin a/k Bijang||1972||Royal Malaysia Police – Battle with Communist terrorist in Sibu, Sarawak on 29 April 1972.|
|10||Captain||Mohanachandran s/o Velayuthan||1972||4th Battalion Royal Malaysian Rangers – killed in action in Ulu Kinta, Perak, 1971.|
|11||Trooper||Rasli bin Buang||1972||1st Special Service Regiment (Commando) – killed in action in Chemor, Perak on 6 July 1971.|
|12||Inspector||Syed Mohd Mokhtar bin Syed Zubir Barakhbah||1972||Police Field Force – ambush by communist terrorist at Malaysian – Thailand border on 11 August 1971. On 11 August 1971, Mokhtar was leading four of his men on a patrol along the Malaysia-Thai border. Ambushed by terrorists, Mokhtar was the only survivor of the attack and had managed to kill one of the attackers.|
|13||Captain||Hamid bin Awang||1973||2nd Battalion Royal Malaysian Rangers – Ops Marcup 1 in Lundu, Sarawak, 7 April 1973. Based on intelligence gathered indicating that a force of 40 to 50 communist terrorist would converge on Gunung Pueh, "D” Company of 2 Royal Malay Regiment led by Captain Hamid was tasked in a search and destroy mission. On 7 April 1973, Captain Hamid and his company detected a Communist encampment. Captain Hamid organised his company for an assault on the camp. Captain Hamid fired an M79 grenade round to mark the start of the attack and rush into the Communist Terrorist camp. In the heat of battle, a communist terrorist tried to shoot down one of Captain Hamid's men. Captain Hamid immediately rushed to the terrorist and hit the terrorist in the neck with the M79 grenade launcher. Captain Hamid's company scored 3 kills and captured 3 enemy weapons, as well as ammunition and assorted equipment. Captain Hamid's company suffered 1 KIA. Captain Hamid was awarded the SP on 6 June 1973.|
|14||Chief Inspector||Chin Chin Kooi||1973||Royal Malaysia Police – Killed in action when a notorious criminal broke in his house on 12 July 1972. On that day at 9:00 p.m. treacherous enemies had gate-crashed a residence. C/Insp. Chin was shot point blank range by two pistols. Before breathing his last breath, he was still courageous enough to return fire at the enemies. The late C/Insp. Chin had served in the police force for 21 years.|
|15||Inspector||Reggie anak Deli||1973||Police Field Force – killed 6 communist terrorist during a battle in Bintulu, Sarawak, 10 April 1973. While leading a 6-man Police Field Force on 10 April 1973, his unit tracked down and confronted 14 communists travelling in a boat along Sungai Kemena in Sebauh, Bintulu. In the ensuing 20-minute gun battle, despite being outnumbered, Reggie and his men killed six of the insurgents, captured the rest, and seized seven shotguns, 13 bullets, medical supplies and important documents belonging to the insurgents. Reggie joined the police force in 1961, and retired following a stroke in 1986.|
|16||Second Lieutenant||Abdul Hamid bin Ismail||1975||3rd Battalion Royal Malay Regiment – Killed in action during operation in Baling, Kedah on 8 September 1973.|
|17||Constable||Othman Ahmad||1975||Royal Malaysia Police – ambush by 6 wanted criminal in Chuping, Perlis on 10 January 1974. He manage to kill one of them.|
|18||Constable||Nuing Saling||1976||Police Field Force – killed in action during a battle with communist terrorist near Sungai Setabau, Sibu, Sarawak on 6 April 1975.|
|19||Sergeant||Kanang anak Langkau||1981||8th Battalion Royal Malaysian Rangers – he was the only recipient of both Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa and Pingat Gagah Berani. Following the death of a soldier in the Tanah Hitam area of Perak in an engagement with communists on 8 February 1980, the Unit Combat Intelligence Squad (UCIS) of 8th Battalion Royal Rangers under the leadership of Sergeant Kanang anak Langkau was tasked to seek and destroy the group. They tracked the enemy over difficult terrain for 11 days. On 19 February 1980, at around 1500 hours, his platoon managed to estimate the location of the enemy, who were close by. Kanang's group was mistaken as they were already within the enemy's perimeter, which they realised when they found a communications cord connecting the sentry outpost to the main force. Kanang, 8 metres from the enemy sentry position, launched an attack to his right flank. It then became apparent that the main force lay to the left. They assaulted the left and routed the enemy taking one casualty and killing five communists. One soldier was seriously wounded and Kanang himself took three rounds but survived and eventually returned to active duty retiring as a Warrant Officer 1. Kanang anak Langkau was conferred the "Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa" for valour in decimating the enemy on 3 June 1981.|
|20||Acting Major||Zainal Abidin bin Abdul Rashid||1982||17th Battalion Royal Malay Regiment – killed in action at Ops Gubir II, 1976.|
|21||Lance Corporal||Saimon Tarikat||1983||Combat Intelligence Unit – killed in action in Kuala Klawang, Negeri Sembilan, 1983.|
|22||Inspector||Paul Kiong||1983||Royal Malaysia Police – Inspector with Police Special Branch in Ipoh, part of several operations to cripple communist terrorist between 1966 and 1989. This involved infiltrating the organisation, operating in the jungle, capturing the terrorists alive as well as being involved in direct confrontations with them. He was conferred the SP on 1 June 1983. He retired as a Superintendent of Police in 1997.|
|23||Inspector||Sia Boon Chee||1983||Royal Malaysia Police - Inspector with Special Branch in Ipoh - part of several operations to cripple communist terrorist between 1966 and 1989. These operations required him to gather intelligence by infiltrating enemy lines, operating in thick jungle, capturing terrorists alive and engaging them in direct battle. He was awarded the SP on 1 June 1983. He retired with the rank of DSP in 1994. He read law the following year and is currently a practising lawyer.|
|24||Mr.||Abdul Jalil bin Ibrahim||1985||Civilians – murdered in Hong Kong, 1983 while investigating the BMF scandal, the only civilian to received the award to this date. A former student of the Royal Military College, Jalil was an assistant general manager for Bumiputra Finance Berhad. He was killed in Hong Kong in July 1983 while investigating a case involving the fraudulent award of RM2.5 billion (then) in loans by Bumiputra Finance Berhad to the Carrian Group helmed by Malaysian businessman, George Tan. The case received wide coverage as several Malaysian politicians were involved. The Carrian Group's spectacular collapse the same year was also to become Hong Kong's largest bankruptcy.|
|25||Captain||Narendran Indi Shanmugam||1986||On the 10th day of their mission Captain: Narendran Indi Shanmugam and his squad of Ten Rangers were ambushed by a communist terrorist group that outnumbered them 40 to 10 personnel. They walked into the ambush as a 30 caliber machine gun opened fire on their position. Capt. Indi and his men formed a two line retreat wall to fall back alternating suppression fire until the unit would be out of range of the enemy's line of fire. During this man oeuvre the unit lost 2 men KIA, instantly and one more injured as Alpha team ARC1 came under murderous fire. Capt Indi had to face a wall of bullets to go back for his injured man. Carrying his injured man over his shoulder and commenced to run back to safety but a stray bullet found its mark punching through the injured Corporal and piercing Capt. Indi in the middle of his back. Despite this near fatal injury Captain Narendran Shanmugam rallied his remaining 7 Rangers of Alpha team ARC1 and flanked the 40 communist insurgents, successfully eliminating the entire enemy outfit and securing the IED's that was intended to destroy an allied air force base in an undisclosed location which would have resulted in heavy allied losses. Captain Narendran Indi Shanmugam's actions was awarded the medal of The Gallant Warrior or Grand Knight of Valour (Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa ) This award is recognised by the Commonwealth countries and is equivalent to the Australian Victoria Cross. The members of this Elite outfit, the Australian SASR (Special Air Services Regiment) were of the Airborne Rangers Commandos ARC1 Alpha Squadron, a Special Allied Task Force comprising Australian Royal Rangers 4th Regiment, Singapore Ranger Battalion 1 and 8th Battalion Royal Malaysian Rangers|
|26||Corporal||Mat Aznan bin Awang||1994||Malaysian Battalion in Mogadishu, Somalia – killed in action. While serving with the United Nations UNOSOM II force in Somalia, Corporal Mat Aznan was killed in action during the Battle of Mogadishu.|
|27||Corporal||Nasaruddin bin Che Yeop||1998||Federal Reserve Unit, Royal Malaysia Police – killed during riot by illegal immigrants at Semenyih Detention Centre on 26 March 1998. |
|28||Deputy Superintendent||Abdul Razak bin Mohd Yusof||2001||Royal Malaysia Police – Sauk Incident, 6 July 2000.|
|29||Lieutenant General||Zaini Mohamad Said||2001||Malaysian Army – Sauk incident, 6 July 2000.|
|30||Assistant Superintendent||Mohd Zabri Abdul Hamid||2014||Royal Malaysian Police – Inspector of Task Force (VAT 69) - killed in action in Grik, Perak in 1975. Killed when he stepped on a booby-trap which was set up by a communist while taking two wounded members to an extraction point area after an operation of hunting down the communist who killed extra policemen who were sent to the hospital. His right leg was broken and suffered serious wounds which made him lose lots of blood. He was posthumously promoted to ASP for his bravery.|