Seiner Majestät Schiff

His or Her Majesty's Ship, abbreviated HMS, is the ship prefix used for ships of the navy in some monarchies. Derived terms such as "HMAS" and equivalents in other languages such as "SMS" are used.

United Kingdom[]

In the British Royal Navy, the prefix was originally always quoted in full; the first recorded use of the abbreviated form, "HMS", occurred in 1789 in respect of HMS Phoenix.[1] From 1707 to c1800 HBMS (for His Britannic Majesty's Ship) was also used.[2][3]

Submarines in Her Majesty's service also use the prefix "HMS", standing for "Her Majesty's Submarine". The Royal Yacht Britannia, which was a commissioned ship in the Royal Navy, was known as HMY Britannia. Otherwise all ships in the Royal Navy are known as HM Ships, though formerly when a distinction was made between three-masted ship-rigged ships and smaller vessels they would be called HM Frigate X, or HM Sloop Y.

The prefix "HMS" is also used by shore establishments that are commissioned "stone frigates" in the Royal Navy. Examples include HMS Excellent, a training school located on an island in Portsmouth Harbour, and HMS Vulcan, in Caithness in the Highland area of Scotland, which is established to test the design of nuclear power systems for use in submarines.

The sample ship name used by the Royal Navy to signify a hypothetical vessel is HMS Nonsuch.[4] This is a name that has been used by the Royal Navy in the past; on the eve of World War II the name was given[by whom?] to the Royal Canadian Navy. As of 2012 HMCS Nonsuch was the "stone frigate" of the Edmonton Division of the Canadian Naval Reserve.[5]

Prefixing the name by "the", as in "the HMS Ark Royal", while common, is considered bad grammar.[6]

British government ships not in the Royal Navy have other designations, such as "RFA" for ships in the Royal Fleet Auxiliary.

Commonwealth realms and former British Empire[]

Historically, variants on "HMS" have been used by the navies of British colonies. The practice is maintained in several Commonwealth realms (states which recognise Queen Elizabeth II as their head of state).

Current[]

Former[]

Germany[]

Seiner Majestät Schiff (pronounced [ˈzaɪ̯nɐ majɛsˈtɛːt ʃɪf]; German: "His Majesty's Ship", abbreviated to S.M.S. or SMS) was the ship prefix used by the Prussian Maritime Enterprise (Seehandlung), the Prussian Navy, the Imperial German Navy (Kaiserliche Marine) and the Austro-Hungarian Navy. It was created by translating the British prefix into German.

It was sometimes also abbreviated to S.M. or SM (for Seiner Majestät) when a ship was mentioned by class, such as S.M. Kleiner Kreuzer Emden ("His Majesty's Light Cruiser Emden").

Special forms included

Sweden[]

In the Swedish Navy (formerly the Royal Swedish Navy), all vessels are given the prefix HMS (Hans or Hennes Majestäts Skepp). This is true for both surface and submarine vessels.[18]

Abroad, Swedish navy ships are sometimes given the prefix HSwMS (for His Swedish Majesty's Ship), to avoid confusion with other uses of the HMS prefix.[18]

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions of the Sailing Navy Gallery". www.royalnavalmuseum.org. National Museum of the Royal Navy. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  2. ^ "The Evolution of Ship Naming in the U.S. Navy". (US) Naval History and Heritage Command. 22 May 2018. Retrieved 17 December 2018. Some, but apparently not all, other navies also use prefixes with their ships' names. Perhaps the best known of these is 'HMS' (His or Her Majesty's Ship), long used by the Royal Navy. In earlier times this was also seen as 'HBMS,' for 'His Britannic Majesty's Ship.'
  3. ^ Justin Reay (8 October 2008). "HBMS/HMS - usage in 18thC". The Society For Nautical Research. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  4. ^ "Royal Navy". Archived from the original on February 6, 2006.
  5. ^ "HMCS Nonsuch". Archived from the original on 2013-06-30. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
  6. ^ The Guardian style guide
  7. ^ a b Australian War Memorial Glossary Archived 2007-06-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "Jamaica Defence Force - Bases". Archived from the original on June 1, 2007.
  9. ^ "Seemotive, Buchstabe H Letter H".
  10. ^ The gunboat CNS (formerly HMCS) Protector; 1909 (National Library of Australia)[dead link]
  11. ^ "Foundation Day oration".
  12. ^ Port-side view of the former South Australian Colonial gunboat HMAS (ex HMS, ex HMCS) Protector; 1918 (National Library of Australia) Archived February 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ Carl Muller (14 October 2000). Spit And Polish. Penguin Books Limited. p. 117. ISBN 978-81-8475-109-3.
  14. ^ HMQS Gayundah (Aboriginal for 'lightning') and her sister ship HMQS Paluma ('thunder') (National Library of Australia) Archived February 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ "Department of the Environment and Water Resources: HMVS Cerberus". Archived from the original on February 10, 2007.
  16. ^ "Welcome (Royal Australian Naval Reserves)". Archived from the original on October 13, 2006.
  17. ^ IBP USA (20 March 2009). Pakistan Intelligence, Security Activities and Operations Handbook. Lulu.com. p. 151. ISBN 978-1-4387-3721-8.
  18. ^ a b Ordbok: "H" Archived 2011-08-12 at the Wayback Machine. Försvarsmakten (in Swedish)