Headquarters of the secretariat
The Mexican Secretariat of the Interior (Spanish: Secretaría de Gobernación, SEGOB, literally "Secretary of Governorship") is concerned with the country's internal affairs, the presentation of the president's bills to Congress, their publication and certain issues of national security. The country's main intelligence agency, CISEN, depends directly from this branch. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet and the most important cabinet secretary.
In 1821, with the integration of the Junta Provisional Gubernativa (Provisional Governing Council), and an urge to organize the country, the regulation that would determine the functions of the so-called Secretariat of Internal and External Relations was published. This newly created organism had the functions of the General Government and its first holder was José Manuel de Herrera (1821-1823). With the passage of time, it was necessary to specify the nature of actions of the existing institutions and in 1836 the Ministry of the Interior was established, in 1841 it was changed to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Government, which changed in 1843 to the Ministry of the Interior and Police. Finally in 1853, the functions were separated and the Secretariat of the Interior was created.
From the SEGOB's website:
- "Since its creation, the Secretary of the Interior has been entrusted with the suitable conduction of the internal policy of the country that allows through programs, actions and strategies the development of a more and more participative society in the actions of the Government to satisfy its demands; allowing with it a growth in the economic, political and social scope of the country."
The Secretariat of the Interior as a dependency of the Executive Branch, concerned with internal policy and national governability, has its most remote origin in article 222 of the Political Constitution of the Spanish Monarchy, promulgated on 19 March 1812, which established among the secretaries of State, those of Government of the Kingdom for the Peninsula and adjacent Islands and Government of the Kingdom for the Overseas On 22 October 1814, the Constitutional Declaration for the Liberty of the Mexican Americas, known as the Constitution of Apatzingán, anticipated in its article 134, the establishment of a republican government, with an Executive Branch known as the Supreme Government which would have a Secretariat of Government among others.
This position was for long regarded as the antechamber to the office of president, because several secretaries of the interior were chosen as presidential candidates for the following term by the incumbent presidents Plutarco Elías Calles, Emilio Portes Gil, Lázaro Cárdenas, Miguel Alemán Valdés, Adolfo Ruiz Cortines, Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, Luis Echeverría. Francisco Labastida Ochoa, Secretary of the Interior during the latter part of Ernesto Zedillo's administration, was regarded as the president's candidate during the Institutional Revolutionary Party's primaries (the first ones the party had ever held) and during his unsuccessful campaign against former President Vicente Fox. Fox's Secretary of the Interior, Santiago Creel, participated in the National Action Party's primaries but was defeated by Felipe Calderón.
- Conducts the domestic policy drawn up by the President and is not specifically linked to another department.
- Supervises the democratic governance and political development of the country.
- Ensures compliance with the constitutional precepts by the authorities.
According to the Organic Law of the Federal Public Administration in its Article 27 corresponds to the discharge of the following functions:
- To present before the Congress of the Union the initiatives of law or decree of the Executive
- To publish the laws and decrees of the Congress of the Union, one of the two Chambers or the Standing Commission and the regulations issued by the President of the Republic, as well as the resolutions and provisions that by law must be published in the Official Gazette of the Federation
- Manage and publish the Official Gazette of the Federation
- Managing the National Personal Identification Service
- To deal with the administrative procedure for the expulsion of foreigners from the national territory
- To administer the islands of federal jurisdiction, except those whose administration corresponds, by provision of the law, to another dependence or entity of the federal public administration
- Conduct the internal policy that is the responsibility of the Executive and not explicitly attributed to another dependency
- To monitor the compliance of constitutional precepts by the authorities of the country, especially with regard to individual guarantees and to issue the necessary administrative measures for that purpose
- Conduct, as long as this power is not conferred on another Secretariat, the relations of the Executive Power with the other Powers of the Union, with the autonomous constitutional organs, with the governments of the federative entities, the municipalities and with the other federal and local authorities, As well as render the official information of the Federal Executive
- To conduct, within the scope of its competence, the political relations of the Executive Power with national political parties and groups, with social organizations, with religious associations and other social institutions
- Foster political development, contribute to the strengthening of democratic institutions; Promote active citizen participation and favor conditions that allow the construction of political agreements and social consensus so that, in terms of the Constitution and laws, the conditions of democratic governance
- Monitor compliance with constitutional and legal provisions in matters of public worship, churches, religious groups and associations
- To administer the General Archive of the Nation, as well as to monitor the fulfillment of the legal dispositions in matter of information of public interest
- To monitor, through the General Directorate of Radio, Television and Cinematography, that printed publications and radio and television transmissions, as well as cinematographic films, remain within the limits of respect for privacy, peace and Public morality and personal dignity, and do not attack the rights of third parties, nor cause the commission of any crime or disturb public order
- To regulate, authorize and supervise the game, the bets, the lotteries and raffles, in the terms of the relative laws
- Conduct and implement, in coordination with the authorities of the state governments, of Mexico City, with the municipal governments, and with the dependencies and entities of the Federal Public Administration, the policies and programs of civil protection of the Executive, Within the framework of the National System of Civil Protection, for the prevention, assistance, recovery and support of the population in disaster situations and to agree with institutions and organizations of the private and social sectors, actions leading to the same objective
- Establish and operate a research and information system, which contributes to preserving the integrity, stability and permanence of the Mexican State
- To contribute in what corresponds to the Executive of the Union, to give sustenance to the national unity, to preserve the social cohesion and to strengthen the institutions of government
- Compile and systematize the laws, international treaties, regulations, decrees, agreements and federal, state and municipal regulations, as well as establish the corresponding database, in order to provide information through electronic data systems
List of secretaries
- ^ 11th Administration
- ^ a b c d 12th Administration
- ^ a b c d e f Minister of the Mexican Empire