|Regions with significant populations|
|United States ( California)|
|English, Cahuilla language|
|traditional tribal religion,|
Christianity (Roman Catholicism and Protestantism)
|Related ethnic groups|
The Santa Rosa Indian Reservation, not to be confused with the Santa Rosa Rancheria, is a reservation in Riverside County in the Santa Rosa Mountains, near the town of Anza. It is 11,092 acres (44.89 km2) acres large. It was established in 1907.
The federal government closely supervised Cahuilla after 1891. Government schools were opened for Cahuilla children and Protestant missionaries moved onto their reservation. During the 20th century, the tribe supported itself through cattle grazing and wage labor. Many members of the Santa Rosa band do not live on the reservation. In 1970, only 7 out of 61 enrolled tribal members lived on the reservation. Education and economic diversity has improved for the tribes since the 1970s.