Round Midnight is a soundtrack album by Herbie Hancock featuring music recorded for Bertrand Tavernier's film Round Midnight released in 1986 on Columbia Records. The album features performances by Hancock, Freddie Hubbard, Ron Carter, Tony Williams, Bobby McFerrin, Dexter Gordon, Pierre Michelot, Billy Higgins, John McLaughlin, Chet Baker, Bobby Hutcherson, Wayne Shorter, Lonette McKee, and Cedar Walton, most of whom appear in the film. It won the Academy Award for Best Music, Original Score in 1986, beating Ennio Morricone's The Mission and Jerry Goldsmith's Hoosiers, among others. Additional music recorded during the making of the film was released under Dexter Gordon's name as The Other Side of Round Midnight (1986).
- "Round Midnight" (Thelonious Monk, Bernie Hanighen, Cootie Williams) – 5.35
- "Body and Soul" (Edward Heyman, Robert Sour, Frank Eyton, Johnny Green) – 5.54
- "Bérangère's Nightmare" (Hancock) – 3.06
- "Fair Weather" (Kenny Dorham) – 6.05
- "Una noche con Francis" (Bud Powell) – 4.22
- "The Peacocks" (Jimmy Rowles) – 7.16
- "How Long Has This Been Going On?" (Ira Gershwin, George Gershwin) – 3.12
- "Rhythm-a-Ning" (Monk) – 4.11
- "Still Time" (Hancock) – 3.50
- "Minuit aux Champs-Elysées" (Henri Renaud) – 3.26
- "Chan's Song (Never Said)" (Stevie Wonder, Hancock) – 4.15
The awarding of the Oscar for Best Original Score to Round Midnight has been considered one of the most controversial wins in that category, beating out James Horner's score for Aliens, Jerry Goldsmith's score to Hoosiers and Ennio Morricone's score for The Mission. In his review of the score for Hoosiers, Christian Clemmensen of Filmtracks.com stated: 'The awarding of the original score Oscar for 1986 to Herbie Hancock for Round Midnight is considered one of the greatest of the many injustices that have befallen nominees for that category. Ennio Morricone and, to a lesser extent, James Horner were worthy of recognition that year, though Goldsmith's Hoosiers stands in a class of its own because of its immense impact on the picture.' Morricone, who had never won a competitive Oscar at the time, said in an interview: 'I definitely felt that I should have won for The Mission, especially when you consider that the Oscar-winner that year was Round Midnight, which was not an original score. It had a very good arrangement by Herbie Hancock, but it used existing pieces. So there could be no comparison with The Mission. There was a theft!'.