Richard Edward Taylor, (2 November 1929 – 22 February 2018) CC FRS FRSC , was a Canadian physicist and  Stanford University professor. He shared the 1990  Nobel Prize in Physics with Jerome Friedman and Henry Kendall "for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics."  
Early life [ ]
Taylor was born in
Medicine Hat, Alberta. He studied for his BSc (1950) and MSc (1952) degrees at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada. Newly married, he applied to work for a PhD degree at Stanford University, where he joined the High Energy Physics Laboratory.
His PhD thesis was on an experiment using polarised
gamma rays to study pion production.
Research and career [ ]
After 3 years at the
École Normale Supérieure in Paris and a year at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory in California, Taylor returned to Stanford. Construction of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (now the  SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory) was beginning. In collaboration with researchers from the  California Institute of Technology and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Taylor worked on the design and construction of the equipment, and was involved in many of the experiments.
In 1971, Taylor was awarded a
Guggenheim fellowship that allowed him to spend a sabbatical year at CERN.
The experiments run at SLAC in the late 1960s and early 1970s involved scattering high-energy beams of
electrons from protons and deuterons and heavier nuclei.   At lower energies, it had already been found that the electrons would only be scattered through low angles, consistent with the idea that the  nucleons had no internal structure. However, the SLAC-MIT experiments showed that higher energy electrons could be scattered through much higher angles, with the loss of some energy.  These deep inelastic scattering results provided the first experimental evidence that the protons and neutrons were made up of point-like particles, later identified to be the  up and down quarks that had previously been proposed on theoretical grounds. The experiments also provided the first evidence for the existence of  gluons. Taylor, Friedman and Kendall were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in 1990 for this work.
Death [ ]
Taylor died at his home in
Stanford, California near the campus of Stanford University on 22 February 2018 at the age of 88. 
Awards and honours [ ]
Taylor has received numerous awards and honours including:
Alexander von Humboldt Senior Scientist Award, 1982.
W.K.H. Panofsky Prize, 1989. 
Nobel Prize in Physics, 1990.  Fellow, Guggenheim Foundation, 1971 – 1972.
American Physical Society.  Fellow,
American Association for the Advancement of Science.  Elected a
Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1997  Fellow,
Royal Society of Canada.  Member,
American Academy of Arts and Sciences.  Member, Canadian Association of Physicists.
 Foreign Associate,
National Academy of Science.  Companion of the Order of Canada, 2005. 
In Popular Culture [ ]
In May 2019, the announcement of the 1990 Nobel Prize for physics was featured on the season 2 finale of the TV series
Young Sheldon. "A Swedish Science Thing and the Equation for Toast" featured Sheldon Cooper as a child, listening to a short wave radio as the Nobel Prize was announced in Sweden.
References [ ]
^ a b
"Professor Richard Taylor FRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 21 October 2015.
Breidenbach, Martin; Prescott, Charles (June 2018). "Richard Taylor 1929-2018". CERN Courier. 58 (5): 41–42 . Retrieved . 2 July 2018
^ a b
Nobel prize citation
^ Taylor, R. E.
"Nucleon Form Factors above 6 GeV", Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), United States Department of Energy (through predecessor agency the Atomic Energy Commission), (Sept. 1967).
^ Taylor, R. E.
"The Discovery of the Point Like Structure of Matter", Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), United States Department of Energy--Office of Energy Research, (Sept. 2000).
Taylors Nobel banquet speech
Taylor, Richard Edward (1962). (PhD thesis). Stanford University. Positive pion production by polarized bremsstrahlung OCLC 38657023.
^ a b
Biography and Bibliographic Resources, from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, United States Department of Energy
^ a b c d e f g h
"Richard E. Taylor, Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Who Helped Discover Quarks, Dies at 88". The Washington Post. 25 February 2018 . Retrieved . 25 February 2018
Richard E. Taylor's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
Prescott, C.Y.; Atwood, W.B.; Cottrell, R.L.A.; DeStaebler, H.; Garwin, Edward L.; Gonidec, A.; Miller, R.H.; Rochester, L.S.; Sato, T.; Sherden, D.J.; Sinclair, C.K.; Stein, S.; Taylor, R.E.; Clendenin, J.E.; Hughes, V.W.; Sasao, N.; Schüler, K.P.; Borghini, M.G.; Lübelsmeyer, K.; Jentschke, W. (1978). "Parity non-conservation in inelastic electron scattering". Physics Letters B. 77 (3): 347–352. Bibcode: 1978PhLB...77..347P. doi: 10.1016/0370-2693(78)90722-0. ISSN 0370-2693.
^ a b c
Bloom, E. D.; Coward, D. H.; DeStaebler, H.; Drees, J.; Miller, G.; Mo, L. W.; Taylor, R. E.; Breidenbach, M.; Friedman, J. I.; Hartmann, G. C.; Kendall, H. W. (1969). "High-Energy Inelastice−pScattering at 6° and 10°". Physical Review Letters. 23 (16): 930–934. Bibcode: 1969PhRvL..23..930B. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.23.930. ISSN 0031-9007.
Nobel prize press release
Taylor's entry in the SLAC index of faculty
"All Prize & Award Recipients". APS.org . Retrieved . 25 February 2018
^ a b c d
"Richard E. Taylor". science.ca . Retrieved . 25 February 2018