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Republic of Užice
Anthem: None specified a
|Status||Partisan Liberated Territory|
(de facto Užičan dialect)
|Legislature||Central Committee for Liberated Territory|
|Historical era||World War II|
• Partisan arrival in Užice
|July 28, 1941|
• Battle of Drežnik
|August 18 1941|
• German ultimatum
|September 10, 1941|
• Liberation of Užice
|September 24, 1941|
• Battle of Kadinjača
|November 29, 1941|
|December 1 1941|
The Republic of Užice (Serbo-Croatian: Užička republika / Ужичка република) was a short-lived liberated Yugoslav territory and the first liberated territory in World War II Europe, organized as a military mini-state that existed in the autumn of 1941 in occupied Yugoslavia, more specifically the western part of the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia[Note 1]. The Republic was established by the Partisan resistance movement and its administrative center was in the town of Užice.
The Republic of Užice comprised a large portion of western part of the occupied territory and had a population of more than 300,000 (according to another source, nearly one million). It was located between the Valjevo–Bajina Bašta line in the north, the river Drina on the west, the river Zapadna Morava in the east, and the Raška region to the south.
The government was made of "people's councils" (odbori), and the Communists opened schools and published a newspaper, Borba (meaning "Struggle"). They even managed to run a postal system and around 145 km of railway and operated an ammunition factory from the vaults beneath the bank in Užice.
In November 1941, in the First anti-Partisan offensive, the German troops occupied this territory again, while the majority of Partisan forces escaped towards Bosnia, Sandžak and Montenegro, re-grouping at Foča in Bosnia.
The leftist policy then pursued by Josip Broz Tito substantially contributed to the defeat of the partisans in the Republic of Užice. Because of the pro-fascist Serbian propaganda which described the partisans as being led by foreigners, the population of Serbia turned against the uprising and against the communist insurgents. At the beginning of December 1941 the communists moved from Serbia to Bosnia (nominally part of the NDH) and joined their comrades who had already left Montenegro.
Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia and the leaderships of the national liberation movement withdrew from Serbia early in December 1941