Remington Model 870

Remington Model 870
Remington 870 Wmaster.jpg
Remington Model 870 12 Gauge pump action shotgun (Wingmaster model)
TypeShotgun
Place of originUnited States
Service history
In service1950–present
Used bySee Users
WarsLebanese Civil War
Vietnam War
Iraq War
Production history
DesignerL.Ray Crittendon, Phillip Haskell, Ellis Hailston, G.E. Pinckney
Designed1950
ManufacturerRemington Arms
Unit cost$350[1]
Produced1950–present[2]
No. built11,000,000+[2]
VariantsWingmaster, Express, Marine, SPS, SPS-T, XCS, Tac-14, Super Mag, MCS, DM, Tac-14 DM
Specifications
Mass7.0 lb (3.2 kg) to 8.0 lb (3.6 kg)
Length26.3 in (670 mm) to 50.5 in (1,280 mm)
Barrel length14 in (360 mm) to 30 in (760 mm)

Cartridge12 gauge, 16 gauge, 20 gauge, 28 gauge, or .410 bore
ActionPump-action
Feed system3+1, 4+1, 5+1, 6+1, or 7+1 round internal tube magazine, or an external 6+1 box magazine
SightsBead, twin bead, adjustable open sights, or ghost ring (all iron sights). Also cantilever and receiver-mounts for scopes[3]

The Remington Model 870 is a pump-action shotgun manufactured by Remington Arms Company, LLC. It is widely used by the public for sport shooting, hunting, and self-defense and used by law enforcement and military organizations worldwide.

Development[]

The Remington 870 was the fourth major design in a series of Remington pump shotguns. John Pedersen designed the fragile Remington Model 10 (and later the improved Remington Model 29). John Browning designed the Remington Model 17 (which was later adapted by Ithaca into the Ithaca 37), which served as the basis for the Remington 31. The Model 31 was well liked,[4] but struggled for sales in the shadow of the Winchester Model 12. To achieve better sales, Remington produced the Model 870 in 1950, which was more modern and reliable in its construction, and relatively inexpensive.[citation needed]

The 870 was a commercial success. They reached two million guns by 1973 (ten times the number of Model 31 shotguns it replaced). As of 1983, the 870 held the record for the best-selling shotgun in history, with three million sold.[5] By 1996, spurred by sales of the basic "Express" models, which were added as a lower-cost alternative to the original Wingmaster line, sales topped seven million guns. On April 13, 2009, the ten millionth Model 870 was produced.[citation needed]

Design details[]

The 870 features a bottom-loading, side ejecting receiver and a tubular magazine under the barrel. The gun comes with a plug for migratory bird hunting which reduces the magazine's capacity to two[6] rounds. It has dual action bars, internal hammer, and a bolt which locks into an extension in the barrel. The action, receiver, fire control group, safety catch and slide release catch of the Remington Model 870 shotgun are similar to those used on the Remington Model 7600 series pump-action centerfire rifles and carbines. The basic fire control group design was first used in the automatic 11–48.[7][8] Twelve gauge stocks will also interchange on the older 12-gauge-sized 20-gauge receivers, although modification is needed to fit the smaller sized 20-gauge receivers employed since the late 1970s. Several parts of the 870 will interchange with the semi-automatic Remington 1100 and 11–87.[citation needed]

The original 870 models were offered with fixed chokes. In 1986 Remington introduced the new Remington "Rem Choke" system of screw-in chokes (also fitted to Remington model 1100 auto-loading shotguns at the same time). Initially, the Rem Chokes were offered only in 12 gauge in barrel lengths of 21", 26", and 28". The following year the availability was expanded to the 20 gauge and included other barrel lengths.[8][9]

Production 870s for over 30 years had a design whereby a user could fail to press a shell all the way into the magazine when loading such that the shell latch did not engage the shell, and such actions could tie up the gun.[8][10] This was caused by the shell which slipped out of the magazine under the bolt in the receiver to bind the action, requiring rough treatment of the action or even disassembly to clear by the uninitiated. The potential issue was resolved with the introduction of the "Flexi Tab" carrier. Guns with this modification can be identified by the "U"-shaped cut-out on the carrier, visible from below the gun. The cut-out, combined with a modified machining on the underside of the slide assembly, allows the action to be opened with a shell on the carrier.[citation needed]

Variants[]

Remington 870 Police Magnum 14 inch barrel (customize painted with cerakote color "Gunmetal")
Remington 870 Express Tactical fitted with after market Remington ShurShot stock

There are hundreds of variations of the Remington 870 in 12, 16, 20, 28 gauges and .410 bore. In 1969 Remington introduced 28 gauge and .410 bore models on a new scaled-down receiver size, and in 1972 a 20 gauge Lightweight ("LW") version was introduced on the same sized receiver, and all of the smaller gauges today are produced on that size receiver. From the original fifteen models offered, Remington currently produces dozens of models for civilian, law enforcement, and military sales. 870 variants can be grouped into:

Chinese versions[]

Chinese arms company Norinco has made unlicensed copies of the Remington 870, as the design is no longer under patent protection. The most common of these designs are the Norinco HP9-1 and M-98, the difference being that the HP9-1 has either a 12.5" or 14" barrel, whereas the M-98 has an 18.5" barrel.[13] In the United States, where most Norinco products are specifically non-importable,[14] this shotgun was imported and sold under the names Norinco Hawk 982 and Interstate Hawk 982.[15]

Users[]

A U.S. Coast Guard petty officer from Maritime Safety and Security Team 91106 armed with an Mķ870P fitted with a Trijicon reflex sight and a Speedfeed stock.
The Remington 870 12-gauge shotgun loaded with pyrotechnical shells (blanks) is seen here used as a last resort to scare off unwanted birds in flight from the vicinity of Incirlik Air Base.
A U.S. Air Force Security Forces Marine Patrol airman from MacDill AFB with an M870.
Country Organization name Quantity Date Reference
 Afghanistan _ _ [16]
 Argentina Argentine Army[citation needed] _ _ [16]
 Australia Australian Defence Force _ _ [8][17][18]
 Austria EKO Cobra _ _ [8][19]
Austrian armed forces
 Belgium Federal Police Special Units _ _ [19]
Belgian Armed Forces _ 2008 [20]
 Canada Canadian Armed Forces _ _ [8][21]
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) _ _ [8][22]
Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) _ _ [23]
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR)
Correctional Service Canada (CSC)
Garda World
Toronto Police Service (TPS)
Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) _ _ [8][22]
London Police Service (LPS) _ _ [24]
Royal Newfoundland Constabulary (RNC) _ _ [8]
 Chile _ _ [16]
 Ecuador _ _ [16]
 Finland Finnish Army _ _ [8][25]
 Germany Bundeswehr, GSG 9, and Spezialeinsatzkommandos _ _ [8][26]
 Greece EKAM counter-terrorist unit of the Hellenic Police _ _ [8][27]
 British Hong Kong Royal Hong Kong Regiment _ _ [28]
 Hong Kong Hong Kong Police Force, Hong Kong Customs, Hong Kong Correctional Services, Bird Control Unit of Airport Authority Hong Kong, Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department and cash security firms _ _ [8]
 Iraq _ _ [16]
 Iran Law Enforcement Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran _ _ [8]
 Ireland Army Ranger Wing, Special Detective Unit, Emergency Response Unit _ 2000 [8][29]
 Israel Israel Defense Forces and YAMAM _ _ [30]
 Luxembourg Unité Spéciale de la Police group of the Grand Ducal Police _ _ [8][31][32][33]
 Malaysia Royal Malaysia Police _ _ [8]
Malaysian Prison Department _ _
Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency _ _
Department of Immigration (Malaysia) _ _
RELA Corps _ _
Various special operations such as: _ _ [8][34][35]
 Mexico _ _ [16]
 Norway _ _ [16]
 Portugal Portuguese Armed Forces _ _ [36]
 Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Police 51+ After 2001 [37]
 Sweden Swedish Armed Forces (designated "Understödsvapen 870") _ _ [8][38]
  Switzerland Swiss Armed Forces (designated Mehrzweckgewehr 91; MzGw 91) _ _ [39]
 South Korea Republic of Korea Navy Special Warfare Brigade [8][40]
 Taiwan Taiwan Coast Guard, Taiwan Reserve Army (T85 Shotgun) _ _

[41]

 United Kingdom United Kingdom Special Forces (designated L74A1), Police Service of Northern Ireland and Specialist Firearms Officers as a breaching weapon _ _ [8][42]
 United States U.S. Border Patrol _ _ [8][43]
U.S. Department of Education 27 2010 [8][44]
U.S. Military (designated M870) _ _ [8][45]
U.S. Secret Service 1,600 2001 [8][46]
Internal Revenue Service 60 2010 [8][47]
Federal Bureau of Investigation (including SWAT and HRT) [8]
United States Marshals Service [8]
Various police forces such as: 2 (Cambridge PD) _
 Vietnam Mobile Police Force (Canh Sat Co Dong) _ _ [54]

See also[]

References[]

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External links[]