Pyeongchang County

Pyeongchang
평창군
County
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Pyeongchang-gun
 • McCune-Reischauer P'yŏngch'ang-gun[1]
Official logo of Pyeongchang
Emblem of Pyeongchang
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country South Korea
Region Gangwon
Administrative divisions 1 eup, 7 myeon
Area
 • Total 1,463.65 km2 (565.12 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 43,666
 • Density 30/km2 (80/sq mi)
 • Dialect Gangwon
Time zone utc+9

Pyeongchang (Korean pronunciation: [pʰjʌŋtɕʰaŋ]; in full, Pyeongchang-gun [pʰjʌŋtɕʰaŋɡun]; English: /ˌpjʌŋˈæŋ/) is a county in Gangwon province of South Korea located in the Taebaek Mountains region. It is home to several Buddhist temples, including Woljeongsa. It is approximately 180 km (110 mi) east southeast of Seoul, the capital of South Korea. Pyeongchang will host the 2018 Winter Olympics and the 2018 Winter Paralympics. High-speed rail opened from December 22, 2017 for the 2018 Olympic games.[2]

Pyeongchang has a slogan, 'Happy700 Pyeongchang', taken from the city's average elevation of approximately 700 metres (2,300 ft).

Geography[]

Woljeongsa octagonal nine-story pagoda

The altitude of Pyeongchang is wide-ranging, with 84% of its territory comprising mountains with average elevations of 750 m (2,460 ft).[3]

Its best-known place, the township of Daegwallyeong-myeon, averages between 700 to 800 m (2,300 to 2,600 ft) above sea level, with some areas over 1,000 m (3,300 ft) high.[4]

Climate[]

PyeongChang, Gangwon - winter is cold but relatively dry, with clear blue skies.

Pyeonchang county experiences a warm-summer humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dwb).[5] During winter, Siberian cold air masses pass through the Korean peninsula, causing extremely cold conditions in Pyeonchang. Winters are long and very snowy.

Regional northeast winds bring plenty of precipitation throughout the entire year, especially summer. During winter, when northeast winds blow from the East Sea, severe snow storms result.

The warmest months of the year are July and August with January and February being the coldest.

Climate data for Daegwallyeong, Pyeongchang (1981–2010, extremes 1971–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
16.5
(61.7)
19.7
(67.5)
30.1
(86.2)
31.0
(87.8)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
32.7
(90.9)
29.0
(84.2)
24.7
(76.5)
21.5
(70.7)
13.5
(56.3)
32.7
(90.9)
Average high °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
4.4
(39.9)
12.9
(55.2)
17.6
(63.7)
20.5
(68.9)
22.8
(73)
22.8
(73)
18.6
(65.5)
14.0
(57.2)
7.0
(44.6)
0.5
(32.9)
11.5
(52.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.7
(18.1)
−5.5
(22.1)
−0.5
(31.1)
7.0
(44.6)
11.9
(53.4)
15.7
(60.3)
19.1
(66.4)
19.1
(66.4)
14.1
(57.4)
8.3
(46.9)
1.9
(35.4)
−4.4
(24.1)
6.6
(43.9)
Average low °C (°F) −12.6
(9.3)
−10.5
(13.1)
−5.2
(22.6)
1.2
(34.2)
6.3
(43.3)
11.2
(52.2)
16.0
(60.8)
16.1
(61)
10.0
(50)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.8
(27)
−9.1
(15.6)
2.0
(35.6)
Record low °C (°F) −28.9
(−20)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−14.6
(5.7)
−4.7
(23.5)
−1.7
(28.9)
4.4
(39.9)
3.3
(37.9)
−2.3
(27.9)
−9.9
(14.2)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−24.7
(−12.5)
−28.9
(−20)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 62.6
(2.465)
53.6
(2.11)
75.6
(2.976)
89.5
(3.524)
122.3
(4.815)
201.0
(7.913)
326.7
(12.862)
420.9
(16.571)
307.3
(12.098)
124.9
(4.917)
76.9
(3.028)
36.8
(1.449)
1,898
(74.724)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.5 10.5 11.3 9.5 11.1 13.2 17.6 17.8 13.0 8.7 10.1 9.4 142.7
Average snowy days 13.0 11.8 12.0 3.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 5.2 10.9 57.2
Average relative humidity (%) 67.3 67.0 67.5 61.0 68.4 79.2 85.7 87.0 84.6 75.2 69.9 67.3 73.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 197.2 185.2 202.3 226.6 229.4 179.8 138.1 130.7 143.9 193.3 176.4 191.9 2,194.8
Percent possible sunshine 64.4 60.8 54.6 57.4 52.1 40.7 30.8 31.0 38.6 55.5 57.8 64.3 49.3
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[6][7][8] (percent sunshine and snowy days)[9]

Tourism[]

The area is popular with mountain hikers, especially at the southern part of Mount Seoraksan.[10]

The county is the home of two major ski resorts which will be the home of the 2018 Winter Olympics. Alpensia ski resort has six slopes for skiing and snowboarding, with runs up to 1,400.0 m (4,593.2 ft) long, for beginners and advanced skiers, and an area reserved for snowboarders. The resort is open year-round.[11] Alpensia will host the majority of the snow events of the Olympics. Intercontinental & holiday inn hotels opened Yongpyong Resort, which is the largest ski resort in Korea with 31 slopes will host the technical alpine skiing events.

Alpensia will be the focus of the 2018 Cultural Olympiad, with a new, purpose-built concert hall within the resort with indoor water park.[12]

Preparation for Para Olympics 2018. Program was held in Pyeongchang, Alpensia Convention.

A 250.0 kilometres per hour (155.3 mph) KTX line New line from Wonju to Pyeongchang and Jinbu KTX station Alpensia & Yongpyeong resort named Gyeonggang Line will be built between Wonju and Gangneung via Pyeongchang for the 2018 Winter Olympics and will put Pyeongchang within 80 minutes of travel time from Seoul, New KTX started commercial operation since Dec.22,2017. It takes 1 and half hours from Cheongryangri KTX station (NE Seoul) as well as Seoul station of Gyeonggang high speed rail. [13]

Buddhist temple Woljeongsa of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism is located on the eastern slopes of Odaesan.[14]

The Lee Seung-bok Memorial Center is located in Nodong-ri, Yongpyeong-myeon.

Samyang Ranch is the largest highlands farm in Asia located on the hills of Daegwallyeong 850 to 1,470 meters above sea level. It was operated as a petting zoo and enjoy the pastoral landscape. Samyang highland ranch is operated by the leading Korean food and dairy company of Samyang food,Samyang food company is the first company to introduce ramyeon instant noodle in the poverty-ridden South Korea in 1960s. It is the filming location of the drama Autumn in my Heart and the movie Lover’s Concerto.[15]

Sport[]

Pyeongchang hosted the 2013 Special Olympics World Winter Games. The 2018 Winter Olympic Games will be held in Pyeongchang. The 2009 IBU Biathlon World Championships were also held there.

2018 Winter Olympic Games[]

One of the venues that will be used for the 2018 Winter Olympics (taken in 2013).

On 6 July 2011, Pyeongchang was announced as the host city for the 2018 Winter Olympics and the 2018 Winter Paralympics. The other candidate cities were Annecy, France and Munich, Germany. It will be the third Winter Games in Asia after the 1972 games in Sapporo, Japan and the 1998 games in Nagano, Japan. It will also be the first Asian city to host the Winter Games outside Japan. Pyeongchang won their 2018 bid after two previous failed attempts for the 2010 and 2014 Winter Olympics, in which it lost to Vancouver, Canada, and Sochi, Russia, respectively.[16]

For the 2018 Olympics, the city is being marketed with the CamelCase spelling of "PyeongChang" so a worldwide audience does not confuse it with Pyongyang, the capital of neighboring North Korea.[17]

Olympic venues and Dream Program[]

In preparation for the 2018 Olympics, the region has built facilities including hotels and a world-class ski resort, named Alpensia.

The region is implementing its so-called 2018 Dream Program, a legacy of the 2010 bid. It has mounted its fifth sports and cultural program, involving 123 participants from 31 countries, who were invited because they live where there is no snowfall and have no opportunity to participate in winter sports.[18]

Administrative divisions[]

The district includes one small city (eup), Pyeongchang-eup (평창읍) and seven townships (myeon):

Pyeong chang-map.png

References[]

  1. ^ "P'yŏngch'ang-gun: South Korea - name, geographic coordinates, administrative division, and map". Geographical Names. Retrieved 8 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "S. Korean city to host 2018 Winter Olympics" CNN. 6 July 2011. Retrieved 6 November 2011
  3. ^ "VI. Environment and meteorology - Geographic Characteristics of PyeongChang and its Vicinity" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-08. 
  4. ^ "Pyeongchang, Korea". Gamesbids.com. 2007-08-02. Retrieved 2011-07-07. 
  5. ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson B. L. & McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen−Geiger climate classification" (PDF). Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11 (5): 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606. 
  6. ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010), 대관령(100)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  7. ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 대관령(100)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  8. ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 대관령(100)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  9. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  10. ^ "Gangwon-do » Yangyang-gun". Korean Tourism Organization. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  11. ^ "Gangwon-do » Pyeongchang-gun » Alpensia Resort". Korean Tourism Organization. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  12. ^ "Press Release: PyeongChang 2018 boosts cultural Olympiad plan with new Alpensia concert hall (SportsFeatures.com)". PyeongChang 2018 Bid Committee. 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  13. ^ http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2017/11/16/2017111600062.html
  14. ^ Lee, Cin Woo (16 March 2012). "Beyond Seoul: 19 reasons to explore Korea". CNN Go. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  15. ^ "Pyeongchang, nature's playground - Tourist Sites". visitkorea. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  16. ^ "Pyeongchang named as host city for 2018 Winter Olympics". Daily Telegraph. 6 July 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2011. 
  17. ^ "Olympics: 2018 Winter Olympics … not in Pyongyang". Manila Bulletin. Agence France-Presse. 26 January 2016. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  18. ^ "Pyeongchang Gets into Position for 2018 Olympic Winter Games Bid". Gamesbids.com. Retrieved 2011-07-07. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 37°22′N 128°24′E / 37.367°N 128.400°E / 37.367; 128.400