is a Pterocarpus pantropical genus of trees in the family Fabaceae. It belongs to the subfamily Faboideae, and was recently assigned to the informal monophyletic Pterocarpus clade within the Dalbergieae.  Most species of  Pterocarpus yield valuable timber traded as padauk (or padouk); other common names are mukwa or narra. also yields the most precious rosewood in China known as Zitan. P. santalinus  The wood from the narra tree (  ) and the Burmese padauk tree ( P. indicus ) is marketed as P. macrocarpus amboyna when it has grown in the burl form. The  scientific name is Latinized Ancient Greek and means "wing fruit", referring to the unusual shape of the seed pods in this genus.
Uses [ ]
Padauk wood is obtained from several
species of Pterocarpus. All padauks are of African or Asian origin. Padauks are valued for their toughness, stability in use, and decorativeness, most having a reddish wood. Most Pterocarpus woods contain either water- or alcohol-soluble substances and can be used as dyes.
The padauk found most often is African padauk from
which, when freshly cut, is a very bright red/orange but when exposed to sunlight fades over time to a warm brown. Its colour makes it a favourite among woodworkers. Burmese padauk (ပိတောက်) is P. soyauxii while Andaman padauk is P. macrocarpus . Padauks can be confused with true P. dalbergioides rosewoods to which they are somewhat related, but as a general rule padauks are coarser and less decorative in figure. Like rosewood, padauk is sometimes used to make xylophone, organ and marimba keys, and guitars. It is an important material in traditional Chinese furniture.
Some padauks, e.g.
P. soyauxii, are used as herbal medicines, for example to treat skin parasites and fungal infections.
Chemistry [ ]
Pterocarpin is a pterocarpan found in Pterocarpus spp.
Species [ ]
A total of 35
species are currently accepted: 
Pterocarpus acapulcensis Rose
Pterocarpus albopubescens Hauman
Pterocarpus amazonum (Benth.) Amshoff
Pterocarpus angolensis DC.— kiaat
Pterocarpus antunesii (Taub.) Harms
Pterocarpus brenanii Barbosa & Torre
Pterocarpus claessensii De Wild.
Pterocarpus dalbergioides DC.— Andaman padauk, Andaman redwood, East Indian mahogany
Pterocarpus echinatus Pers. [Note 1]
Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir.— muninga, barwood, vène
Pterocarpus gilletii De Wild.
Pterocarpus hockii De Wild.
Pterocarpus homblei De Wild.
Pterocarpus indicus Willd.— Pashu padauk, Malay padauk, New Guinea rosewood
Pterocarpus lucens Guill. & Perr.
Pterocarpus macrocarpus Kurz— Burmese padauk
Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.— Indian kino, Malabar kino, benga, bijiayasal (w Nepal), venkai
Pterocarpus mildbraedii Harms
Pterocarpus mutondo De Wild.
Pterocarpus officinalis Jacq.
Pterocarpus orbiculatus DC.
Pterocarpus osun Craib
Pterocarpus rohrii Vahl
Pterocarpus rotundifolius (Sond.) Druce
polyanthus (Harms) Mendonça & E. P. Sousa
martinii (Dunkley) Mendonça & E. P. Sousa var. polyanthus (Harms) Mendonça & E. P. Sousa subsp. rotundifolius (Sond.) Druce
Pterocarpus santalinoides DC.— mututi
Pterocarpus santalinus L. f.— red sandalwood, red sanders
Pterocarpus soyauxii Taub.— African padauk, African coralwood
Pterocarpus ternatus Rizzini
Pterocarpus tessmannii Harms
Pterocarpus tinctorius Welw.
Pterocarpus velutinus De Wild.
Pterocarpus villosus (Benth.) Benth.
Pterocarpus violaceus Vogel
Pterocarpus zehntneri Harms Pterocarpus zenkeri Harms
Notes [ ]
Some sources treat 1 P. echinatus as a synonym of P. indicus.
References [ ]
^ a b
Lavin M, Pennington RT, Klitgaard BB, Sprent JI, de Lima HC, Gasson PE (2001). "The dalbergioid legumes (Fabaceae): delimitation of a pantropical monophyletic clade". . Am J Bot 88 (3): 503–33. doi: 10.2307/2657116. JSTOR 2657116. PMID 11250829.
^ a b
Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk BE, Wojciechowskie MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". . S Afr J Bot 89: 58–75. doi: . 10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001
"Zitan | The Wood Database - Lumber Identification (Hardwood)". www.wood-database.com . Retrieved . 13 May 2018
"Chinese National Standard for Rosewood Furniture - QB/T 2385-2008" (PDF).
Meier E. "The Wood Database".
"AgroForestryTree Database entry for . Pterocarpus soyauxii" AgroForestryTree Database. World Agroforestry Centre (WAC). Archived from the original on 13 February 2009 . Retrieved . 1 November 2008
"Pterocarpin at knapsack_jsp". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014 . Retrieved . 5 February 2013
"ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for . Pterocarpus" International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics . Retrieved . 11 February 2014
USDA; ARS; National Genetic Resources Program. "GRIN species records of . Pterocarpus" . Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015 . Retrieved . 11 February 2014
External links [ ]