Prudnik

Prudnik
Historic Town Hall on the Market Square
Historic Town Hall on the Market Square
Flag of Prudnik
Flag
Coat of arms of Prudnik
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Prudnik – spotkajmy się  (Polish "Prudnik – let's meet")
Prudnik is located in Opole Voivodeship
Prudnik
Prudnik
Prudnik is located in Poland
Prudnik
Prudnik
Coordinates: 50°19′22″N 17°34′36″E / 50.32278°N 17.57667°E / 50.32278; 17.57667
Country Poland
VoivodeshipPOL województwo opolskie flag.svg Opole
CountyPrudnik County
GminaGmina Prudnik
Government
 • MayorFranciszek Fejdych
Area
 • Total20.48 km2 (7.91 sq mi)
Elevation
265 m (869 ft)
Population
(2016)
 • Total21,368
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
48-200
Car platesOPR
Websitehttp://www.prudnik.pl

Prudnik [ˈprudɲik] (About this soundlisten) (German: Neustadt in Oberschlesien, Czech: Prudník, Latin: Prudnicium, Silesian: Prudńik) is a town in Poland, located in the southern part of Opole Voivodeship near the border with the Czech Republic. It is the administrative seat of Prudnik County and Gmina Prudnik. Its population numbers 21,368 inhabitants (2016). Since 2015, Prudnik is a member of the Cittaslow International.

The town was founded in 1279, making it one of the oldest in the country, and was historically part of the Duchy of Opole and the Habsburg Empire. Over the centuries, Prudnik was located within Prussia, Germany, and eventually Poland. It was once an important industrial hub known for its shoe-making traditions and more recently towel making by the ZPB "Frotex" Company, one of the largest towel manufacturers in Europe.[1] The town also possesses numerous architectural monuments and historic buildings such as the Main Town Hall and "Wok's Tower" (Wieża Woka) from the 14th-century.

Geography[]

Prudnik is located in the historic Silesia (Upper Silesia) region at the confluence of the Prudnik river and its Złoty Potok tributary. The city is situated on the border of Opawskie Mountains and the Głubczyce Plateau (a part of the Silesian Lowlands). Prudnik and Vrbno pod Pradědem are headquarters of the Euroregion Pradziad.

Name[]

The name "Prudnik" is a Bohemized form of city's historical Polish name "Prądnik", which means a river with a fast stream. Its former German names are Polnisch-Neustadt, Konigliche Stadt Neustadt[2] and Neustadt in Oberschlesien.

History[]

Prudnik Castle
View of Prudnik (Neustadt) from 1819
German military parade in Neustadt

Middle Ages[]

The first human traces in the present town area are dated to the Neolithic times. In 1259 the Czech knight Wok von Rosenberg founded in the defensive bend of the Prudnik river a castle, and his son Jindřich obtained the city rights in 1279. In 1337 it became a part of the Duchy of Opole[3].

XVI–XVIII century[]

In 1526 the town was seized by the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1562, the Duchy of Opole and Racibórz passed a resolution that obligated Jews to sell their houses, pay their debts, and leave the duchy in a year. On the basis of this resolution, in 1564, Jews were ordered to leave Prudnik, but Krzysztof Prószkowski, who leased the land there, let them stay until 1570[4]. After the death of the last Opole Piast prince, it was directly ruled by the Germans.

In 1742 the town was incorporated into Prussia and during the Seven Years' War Prudnik the scene of a bloody surprise attack upon the Prussians as they were marching out of the town. In the subsequent years, the area developed into a significant centre of handcraft, in particular cloth production and shoe-making.[5] Its former German name was Polnisch Neustadt,[5] and until 1945 Neustadt in Oberschlesien. In historical Polish sources and chronicles the town was referred to as Prądnik. In the 19th century, the surrounding factories continued the local tradition of handicraft.[5]

World War II[]

In 7 September 1938, Prudnik was visited by Adolf Hitler along with Hermann Göring, Heinrich Himmler, Gerd von Rundstedt, Erhard Milch, Hans-Jürgen Stumpff, Josef Wagner and Hellmut Körner.[6][7]

In 26 September 1944, a sub-camp of Auschwitz in Prudnik / Neustadt O.S' was founded in the Schlesische Feinweberei AG textile mill (now ZPB "Frotex")[8]. Neustadt was a stopping place on a death march during final months of World War II, for prisoners-of-war transferred by the Nazis from all over Europe to stalags built in occupied Poland. About 30,000 Allied PoWs were force-marched westward across Poland, Czechoslovakia and Germany in winter conditions, lasting about four months from January to April 1945[9]. The Red Army captured Neustadt on 18 march 1945.

In modern Poland[]

Anti-communist demonstrations in Prudnik

After the end of the Second World War in 1945, Neustadt was transferred from Germany to Poland according to the Potsdam Conference, and given its original Polish name of Prądnik. The remaining German population was expelled and replaced by Polish colonists and refugees transferred from the Kresy in the former Polish eastern territories. The city's name was changed to Prudnik in 1946.

In September 1980, 1500 workers of ZPB "Frotex" and firefighters from Prudnik's fire brigade went on the biggest anti-communist strike in Opole Voivodeship. The strike lasted 5 days (5 - 10 September).

Historical population[]

Wok's Tower (13th-14th century), a remnant of the castle
Year Population
1675 2,527
1754 2,905
1764 2,722
1774 3,048
1782 3,696
1829 4,000
1885 16,093
1890 17,577
1910 18,865
1939 17,339
1956 14,900
Year Population
1962 14,900
1995 24 350
2000 23,800
2002 23,630
2003 23,528
2004 23,376
2005 23,234
2006 23,078
2007 22,927
2008 22,787
2009 22,663
Year Population
2010 22,514
2011 22,164
2012 21,979
2013 21,778
2014 21,676
2015 21,472
2016 21,368

Education[]

Publiczna Szkoła Podstawowa nr 1, Elementary School
Medical School
I Liceum Ogólnokształcące, Secondary School

Preschools[]

Primary schools[]

Gymnasiums[]

Secondary schools[]

Sport[]

Stadium on Włoska Street
Basketball players of Pogoń Prudnik (2017)

Sports venues[]

Sports teams[]

Economy[]

ZPB "Frotex"

The biggest coprorations in Prudnik were Zakłady Przemysłu Bawełnianego "Frotex", which got closed in 2014 and Prudnickie Zakłady Obuwia "Primus", which got closed in 2007.

Currently the major industrial plants in Prudnik are:

Notable residents[]

Born in Prudnik[]

Other residents[]

International relations[]

Prudnik's city hall

Twin towns — Sister cities[]

Prudnik is twinned with:

References[]

  1. ^ "Prudnik - 10 atrakcji, które warto zwiedzić i zobaczyć. Zabytki. Przewodnik". podrozebezosci.pl. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  2. ^ Triest, Felix (1865). Topographisches handbuch von Oberschliesen. Breslau. p. 1044.
  3. ^ Weltzel, Augustyn (2005). Historia miasta Prudnika na Górnym Śląsku. Opole: Wydawnictwo MS.
  4. ^ Walerjański, Dariusz. Z dziejów Żydów na Górnym Śląsku do 1812 roku.
  5. ^ a b c "Prudnik - Cittaslow International". www.cittaslow.org. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  6. ^ "Wizyta Hitlera w Prudniku. Regiopedia, Opolskie, encyklopedia regionów". web.archive.org. 2018-07-14. Retrieved 2018-12-08.
  7. ^ "ul. Dworcowa, Prudnik - zdjęcia". polska-org.pl. Retrieved 2018-12-08.
  8. ^ "Auschwitz-Birkenau - Neustadt".
  9. ^ "The Long March". Stalag VIIIB 344 Lamsdorf. Retrieved 2018-06-02.

External links[]

Coordinates: 50°19′N 17°35′E / 50.317°N 17.583°E / 50.317; 17.583