Provisional National Defence Council

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The Provisional National Defence Council (PNDC) was the name of the Ghanaian government after the People's National Party's elected government was overthrown by Jerry Rawlings, the former head of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council, in a coup d'état on 31 December 1981. It remained in power until 7 January 1993. In a statement, Rawlings said that a "holy war" was necessary due to the PNP's failure to provide effective leadership and the collapse of the national economy and state services.

The PNDC was a military dictatorship that induced civilians to participate in governance. Most of its members were civilians. Its policies reflected a revolutionary government that was pragmatic in its approach.[clarification needed] The economic objectives of the PNDC were to halt Ghana's economic decay, stabilize the economy, and stimulate economic growth. Politically, its goal was to establish structures that would effectively allow the people to express their political will. The PNDC also brought a change in the people’s attitude from a 'government will provide' position to participating in nation-building.[citation needed]

The PNDC provided a new constitution in 1992 and held elections that year. Rawlings's party, the NDC, won the presidential election with 58% of the vote. The opposition boycotted the subsequent parliamentary elections.[1]

Members[]

The seven original members of the PNDC from its inception were as follows:

Departures and replacements[]

Over the years, some people were added to the membership and others left. A number left in 1982 due to ideological differences. Joachim Amartey Quaye was executed for his involvement in the murder of three senior judges and a retired army officer. Rev. Damuah who was suspended from the Catholic Church because of his involvement in the government left in late 1982 and started his own church later called the Afrikania Mission, an organization devoted to the promotion of African Traditional Religion.[2]

August 1992 onwards - Final membership[]

Membership[]

PNDC Members[]

Position Name Dates Notes
Head of state of Ghana and Chairman Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings 1981 – 93
Chief of the Defence Staff Brigadier Joseph Nunoo-Mensah 1981 – 82
Member Vincent Kwabena Damuah 1982
Member Warrant Officer I Joseph Adjei Buadi 1981 – 84
Member Sergeant Daniel Alolga Akata Pore 1981 – 82
Member Joachim Amartey Quaye 1981 – 82
Member Chris Bukari Atim 1981 – 82
Member and Chairman of the
National Commission for Democracy
Justice Daniel Francis Annan 1984 – 93
Member Susanna Al-Hassan 1985 – 87
Member Anaa Naamua Enin 1985 – 89
Member Ebo Tawiah ? – ?
Member Naa Polku Konkuu Chiiri ? – ?
Member Alhaji Iddrisu Mahama 1982 – 93
Member Captain Kojo Tsikata 1982 – 93
Chairman of Committee of Secretaries Paul Victor Obeng 1982 – 93
Member Lieutenant General Arnold Quainoo 1982 – 93
Member Maj. Gen. Winston C. M. Mensa-Wood 1987 – 92
Member Air Vice Marshal A. H. K. Dumashie 1982 – 93
Member Mary Grant 1989 – 93

Secretaries[]

The officials in charge of the various ministries were designated as Secretaries of state.

List of secretaries (ministers) of state[]

Portfolio Secretary Time frame Notes
Chairman of Committee of Secretaries Paul Victor Obeng 1982 – 93
Secretary for Foreign Affairs Obed Asamoah 1982 – 93
Secretary for Interior Asiedu Yirenkyi
Kofi Djin
Winston C. M. Mensa-Wood
E. M. Osei-Wusu
1982 – 83
1983 – 87
1987 – 92
1992 – 93
Secretary for Finance Kwesi Botchwey 1982 – 93
Secretary for Defence Iddrisu Mahama 1982 – 93
Attorney General and Secretary for Justice G. E. K. Aikins
E. C. Tanoh
1983 – 92
1992 – 93
Secretary for Education and Culture Christina Ama Ata Aidoo
V. C. Dadson
Joyce Aryee
Mohammed Ben Abdallah
Adisa Munkaila
Mary Grant
1982 – 83
1983
1985 – 87
1987
1988 – 89
1989 – 93
Secretary for Agriculture[7] Bortei Doku
John Ndebugre
Isaac Adjei-Marfo
Steve Obimpeh
Ibrahim Adams
1982 – 83
1984 – 85
1985 – 86
1986 – 92
1992 – 93
Secretary for Cocoa Affairs Isaac Adjei-Marfo ? – ?
Secretary for Chieftaincy Affairs Emmanuel Tanoh
Nana Akuoko Sarpong
1987 – 92
1992 – 93
Secretary for Trade
Secretary for Trade and Tourism
K. B. Asante[8]
Kofi Djin
John Bawa
1982 – 86
1987 – 92
1992 – 93
Secretary for Local Government and Rural Development John Agyekum Kufuor
William H. Yeboah
Joyce Aryee
Kwamena Ahwoi
1982
1987
1987 – 88
? – ?
Secretary for Rural Development and Co-operatives Acquah Harrison 1982 – ?
Secretary for Fuel and Power Appiah Korang
Ato Ahwoi
1983 – 87
1987 – 93
Secretary for Transport and Communications Mahama Iddrisu
Yaw Donkor
Kwame Peprah
1983 – 87
1987 – 12
1992 – 93
Secretary for Roads and Highways Yaw Donkor
Mensah Gbedemah
Richard Commey
1983 – 87
1987 – 92
1992 – 93
Secretary for Lands and Natural Resources Kwesi Renner
Kwame Peprah
J. A. Dansoh
1983 – 87
1987 – 92
1992 – 93
Secretary for Industry, Science and Technology G. B. Opoku
Francis Acquah
K. A. Butah
1983 – 87
1987 – 92
1992 – 93
Secretary for Information Joyce Aryee
Kofi Totobi Quakyi
1982 – 85
1985 – 93
Secretary for Health Charles Buadu
Air Commodore F. W. Klutse
Steve Obimpeh
1983 – 87
1987 – 92
1992 – 93
Secretary for Labour and Social Welfare
Secretary for Mobilization and Productivity
Adisa Munkaila
Ato Austin
George Adamu
D. S. Boateng
1982
1982 – 83
1983 – 87
1987 – 92
1992 – 93
Secretary for Works and Housing Dr. Mawuse Dake
Alhassan Abubakar
Emmanuel Appiah Korang
Kenneth Ampratwum
Secretary for Youth and Sports Zaya Yeebo[9]
Amarkai Amarteifio
Ato Austin
Arnold Quainoo
1982 – 83
1983 – 87
1987 – 92
1992 – 93
Regional Secretaries
Ashanti Region J. Y. Ansah ? – ?
Brong Ahafo Region J. H. Owusu-Acheampong 1982 – ?
Central Region Ato Austin 1982 – ?
Eastern Region F. Ohene-Kenah 1982 – ?
Greater Accra Region Nii Okaidja Adamafio 1982 – ?
Northern Region Thomas Ibrahim 1982 – ?
Upper East Region Kundab Mobilla 1982 – ?
Upper West Region Yelibora Antumini 1982 – ?
Volta Region Francis Agbley 1982 – ?
Western Region J. R. E. Amenlema 1982 – ?

References[]

  1. ^ Jeffries, Richard & Thomas, Clare (1993). "The Ghanaian Elections of 1992". African Affairs. 92 (368): 331–366.
  2. ^ "Ghana - Libation issue rears up again". African News Bulletin. Archived from the original on 2011-05-26. Retrieved 2010-07-22.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  3. ^ a b c Martin K.I Christensen. "Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership". Retrieved 2010-06-05.
  4. ^ Ghana News Agency. "Justice Daniel Francis Annan". Ghana Famous People. Ghana Home Page. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
  5. ^ a b "The Rawlings Revolution". GhanaDistricts.com. Archived from the original on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
  6. ^ ""Chapter 2— Ghana in Economic Crisis" in The Politics of Reform in Ghana, 1982–1991". p. 32. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  7. ^ "Former Heads of MoFA". Official website. Ministry of Food and Agriculture. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
  8. ^ Tawiah, Kofi Owusu. "K.B. Asante, the patriot, diplomat and writer". Ghanweb.com. GhanaWeb. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  9. ^ "Today in history: Ghana won its fourth AFCON title". Ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
Preceded by
Limann government (1979–1981)
Government of Ghana
(Military Regime)

Dec 1981 – Jan 1993
Succeeded by
Rawlings government (1993–2001)