Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau

Princess Carolina
Portrait of Carolina van Oranje-Nassau, PF de la Croix.jpg
Princess consort of Nassau-Weilburg
Tenure5 March 1760 - 6 May 1787
Born(1743-02-28)28 February 1743
Leeuwarden
Died6 May 1787(1787-05-06) (aged 44)
Kirchheimbolanden
SpouseCharles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
IssueGeorge Wilhelm, Herary Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Wilhelm Ludwig, Herary Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Princess Maria
Luise, Princess Reuss-Greiz
Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Karoline, Princess of Wied
Prince Karl Ludwig
Prince Karl Wilhelm
Amalie, Princess of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
Henriette, Duchess Louis of Württemberg
Prince Karl
HouseOrange-Nassau
FatherWilliam IV, Prince of Orange
MotherAnne, Princess Royal
ReligionDutch Reformed

Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau (Wilhelmine Carolina; 28 February 1743 – 6 May 1787)[1] was a Dutch regent. She was the daughter of William IV, Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of the Netherlands, and Anne, Princess Royal. She was regent of the Netherlands from 1765 until 1766 during the minority of her brother.

Life[]

Princess Carolina was born in Leeuwarden.[1] In 1747, it was declared that the position of Stadtholder could be inherited by females, thus making the young Princess Carolina the heiress presumptive to the position of Stadtholder. However, in 1748, a male heir, Willem, was born to her parents, thus displacing her and putting her second in line to the position.

Princess Carolina's father died in 1751, making her three-year-old brother Willem V of Orange. At that point, her mother was appointed regent. However, in 1759, her mother died, and Willem V was still just ten years old. Then, Princess Carolina's paternal grandmother, Princess Marie-Luise, was made Regent. Marie-Luise was regent until 1765, when she died. Willem V was now seventeen, but that was still not old enough to rule on his own. So, Princess Carolina was made regent. She ruled until 1766, when Willem V turned eighteen.

She died 6 May 1787 in Kirchheimbolanden, aged 44.

Marriage and children[]

On 5 March 1760 in The Hague, during the regency of her grandmother Princess Marie Luise, Princess Carolina married Karl Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg.[1] They had fifteen children, seven of whom survived to adulthood:

Ancestry[]

References[]

  1. ^ a b c Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (ed.) (1977). Burke's Royal Families of the World, 1st ion. London: Burke's Peerage. p. 240. ISBN 0-85011-023-8.
  2. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 88.

External links[]