Prime Minister of Peru

President of the Council of Ministers of Peru
Presidente del Consejo
de Ministros del Perú
César Villanueva Arévalo.jpg
Incumbent
César Villanueva

since 2 April 2018
Cabinet of Peru
StyleHis/Her Excellency
AppointerPresident of Peru
Term lengthFive years
Inaugural holderJuan Manuel del Mar Bernedo
FormationDecember 1856
Websitewww.pcm.gob.pe
Gran Sello de la República del Perú.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Peru
Constitution

The President of the Council of Ministers of Peru, informally called "Premier" (form of address) or "Prime Minister", heads the Council of Ministers, and is appointed by the President (pending ratification by Congress as with all members of the Council).

The Prime Minister of Peru is, however, not the head of government, since in Peru the President is the one who serves as the actual head of government. Peru is one of the few countries in Latin America (others are Argentina, Cuba and Haiti) where the position of prime minister currently exists. The current Prime Minister is César Villanueva, who took office on 2 April 2018.

Reform[]

Recently, the role of the prime minister has been debated, and whether it should be strengthened. This idea has been supported by former presidents Alan García, Alejandro Toledo and Ollanta Humala. Such reforms would enable the prime minister to become the effective head of government, similarly to what happens in countries like France and Russia.

List of Prime Ministers of Peru (1856–present)[]

Picture Prime Minister Took Office Left Office President
1 Juan Manuel del Mar.JPG Juan Manuel del Mar Bernedo December 1856 1857 Ramón Castilla
2 Jose Maria Raygada.jpg José Maria Raygada y Gallo
(1st time)
1857 15 July 1858
3 Miguelsanroman.png Miguel de San Román 15 July 1858 October 1858
2 Jose Maria Raygada.jpg José Maria Raygada y Gallo
(2nd time)
October 1858 1861
4 President Pezet.jpg Juan Antonio Pezet 1861 1863
Miguel de San Román
Ramón Castilla
Pedro Diez Canseco
5 Juan Antonio Ribeyro.jpg Juan Antonio Ribeyro Estrada 1863 August 1864 Juan Antonio Pezet
6 Manuel Costas Arce.jpg Manuel Costas Arce August 1864 11 April 1865
7 Vivanco1.jpg Manuel Ignacio de Vivanco 11 April 1865 September 1865
Mariano Ignacio Prado
Juan Antonio Pezet
8 No image.png Pedro José Calderón September 1865 8 November 1865
9 Mariano Prado.jpg Mariano Ignacio Prado 8 November 1865 June 1867 Pedro Diez Canseco
Mariano Ignacio Prado
10 No image.png Pedro José de Saavedra June 1867 January 1868
11 Luis La Puerta.jpg Luis La Puerta January 1868 8 January 1868
12 Antarenas.png Antonio Arenas
(1st time)
8 January 1868 2 August 1868 Pedro Diez Canseco
13 Balta1.jpg José Balta 2 August 1868 2 August 1871 José Balta
14 José Allende.jpg José Allende 2 August 1871 1872
15 José Jorge Loayza.jpg José Jorge Loayza
(1st time)
1872 1872 Francisco Diez Canseco
Mariano Herencia Zevallos
16 Jose Miguel Medina.jpg José Miguel Medina 2 August 1872 3 September 1873 Manuel Pardo
17 José Eusebio Sánchez.tif José Eusebio Sánchez Pedraza 3 September 1873 1874
18 José de la Riva Agüero y Looz Corswarem.jpg José de la Riva-Agüero y Looz Corswaren 1874 1875
19 No image.png Nicolás Freire de Neira 1875 1876
12 Antarenas.png Antonio Arenas
(2nd time)
2 August 1876 26 August 1876 Mariano Ignacio Prado
20 No image.png Teodoro La Rosa 26 August 1876 4 June 1877
21 Juan Buendía Noriega.jpg Juan Buendía Noriega 4 June 1877 18 June 1878
15 José Jorge Loayza.jpg José Jorge Loayza
(2nd time)
18 June 1878 17 December 1878
22 Manuel Irigoyen Arias.jpg Manuel Irigoyen Larrea
(1st time)
17 December 1878 19 May 1879
23 Mendiburu Manuel de.jpg Manuel de Mendiburu 19 May 1879 16 October 1879
24 No image.png Manuel Gonzáles de la Cotera 16 October 1879 23 December 1879
25 Aurelio Denegri.jpg Aurelio Denegri Valega
(1st time)
March 1881 November 1881 Francisco García Calderón
26 Lorenzo Iglesias.jpg Lorenzo Iglesias Pino de Arce 3 January 1883 27 August 1883 Lizardo Montero Flores
27 No image.png Manuel Antonio Barinaga
(1st time)
27 August 1883 7 April 1884
Andrés Avelino Cáceres
28 Mariano Castro Zaldivar.jpg Mariano Castro Zaldívar Iglesias 7 April 1884 14 May 1885
29 No image.png Joaquín Iglesias Pino de Arce 14 May 1885 3 December 1885
12 Antarenas.png Antonio Arenas
(3rd time)
3 December 1885 5 June 1886 Himself
30 Pedro Alejandrino del Solar.jpg Pedro Alejandrino del Solar Gabans
(1st time)
5 June 1886 6 October 1886 Andrés Avelino Cáceres
31 No image.png José Nicolas Araníbar y Llano 6 October 1886 22 November 1886
30 Pedro Alejandrino del Solar.jpg Pedro Alejandrino del Solar Gabans
(2nd time)
22 November 1886 22 August 1887
32 Mariano Santos Alvarez Villegas.jpg Mariano Santos Álvarez Villegas 22 August 1887 12 September 1887
33 Carlos M Elias 1.jpg Carlos Maria Elías y de la Quintana
(1st time)
12 September 1887 5 October 1887
No image.png Raymundo Morales Arias
Acting Prime Minister
5 October 1887 8 November 1887
25 Aurelio Denegri.jpg Aurelio Denegri Valega
(2nd time)
8 November 1887 8 March 1889
34 No image.png José Mariano Jiménez Wald
(1st time)
8 March 1889 4 April 1889
30 Pedro Alejandrino del Solar.jpg Pedro Alejandrino del Solar Gabans
(3rd time)
4 April 1889 10 February 1890
22 Manuel Irigoyen Arias.jpg Manuel Irigoyen Larrea
(2nd time)
11 February 1890 10 August 1890
35 Mariano Nicolás Valcárcel.tif Augusto Huaman-Velasco Billinghurst 10 August 1890 24 July 1891 Remigio Morales Bermúdez
Alberto Elmore.jpg Alberto Elmore Fernández de Córdoba
Acting Prime Minister
24 July 1891 14 August 1891
36 Federico Herrera.jpg Federico Herrera
(1st time)
1 August 1891 24 August 1891
37 Justiniano Borgoño.jpg Justiniano Borgoño 24 August 1891 14 October 1891
Federico Herrera.jpg Federico Herrera 14 October 1891 27 November 1891
(acting)
36 27 November 1891 14 April 1892
No image.png Juan Ibarra 14 April 1892 2 May 1892
(acting)
38 2 May 1892 30 June 1892
33 Carlos M Elias 1.jpg Carlos Maria Elías y de la Quintana
(2nd time)
30 June 1892 3 March 1893
39 Manuel Velarde Seoane.jpg Manuel Velarde Seoane 3 March 1893 11 May 1893
34 No image.png José Mariano Jiménez Wald
(2nd time)
11 May 1893 1 April 1894
40 Baltasar Garcia Urrutia.jpg Baltasar García Urrutia 1 April 1894 10 August 1894 Justiniano Borgoño
41 Cesareo Chacaltana.JPG Cesáreo Chacaltana Reyes
(1st time)
10 August 1894 16 November 1894 Andrés Avelino Cáceres
22 Manuel Irigoyen Arias.jpg Manuel Irigoyen Larrea
(3rd time)
16 November 1894 20 March 1895
42 No image.png Antonio Bentín y La Fuente 8 September 1895 30 November 1895 Nicolás de Piérola
27 No image.png Manuel Antonio Barinaga
(2nd time)
30 November 1895 8 August 1896
43 Manuel Pablo Olaechea.jpg Manuel Pablo Olaechea Guerrero 8 August 1896 25 November 1897
44 No image.png Alejandro López de Romaña Alvizuri 25 November 1897 16 May 1898
15 José Jorge Loayza.jpg José Jorge Loayza
(3rd time)
16 May 1898 8 September 1899
45 Manuel Maria Galvez.jpg Manuel María Gálvez Egúsquiza 8 September 1899 14 December 1899 Eduardo López de Romaña
46 Enrique de la Riva Agüero.jpg Enrique de la Riva-Agüero y Looz Corswaren
(1st time)
14 December 1899 30 August 1900
47 Enrique Coronel Zegarra.tif Enrique Coronel Zegarra y Cortés 30 August 1900 2 October 1900
48 Domingo Almenara Butler.tif Domingo M. Almenara Butler 2 October 1900 11 September 1901
41 Cesareo Chacaltana.JPG Cesáreo Chacaltana Reyes
(2nd time)
11 September 1901 9 August 1902
49 No image.png Cesáreo Octavio Deustua Escarza 9 August 1902 4 November 1902
50 Eugenio Larrabure y Unanue.tif Eugenio Larrabure y Unanue 4 November 1902 8 September 1903
51 Pardo y Barreda.jpg José Pardo y Barreda 8 September 1903 14 May 1904 Manuel Candamo
Serapio Calderón
52 Alberto Elmore.jpg Alberto Elmore Fernández de Córdoba 14 May 1904 24 September 1904
53 LEGUIA.JPG Augusto Bernardino Leguía y Salcedo 24 September 1904 1 August 1907 José Pardo y Barreda
54 No image.png Agustín Tovar 1 August 1907 9 October 1907
55 Carlos Washburn.tif Carlos A. Washburn Salas 9 October 1907 24 September 1908
56 Eulogio Romero.jpg Eulogio I. Romero Salcedo 24 September 1908 8 June 1909 Augusto B. Leguía y Salcedo
57 Rafael Villanueva Cortez.jpg Rafael Fernández de Villanueva Cortez 8 June 1909 14 March 1910
58 JavierPrado.jpg Javier Prado y Ugarteche 14 March 1910 3 August 1910
59 Germán Schreiber.jpg Germán Schreiber Waddington
(1st time)
3 August 1910 3 November 1910
60 José Salvador Cavero.jpg José Salvador Cavero Ovalle 3 November 1910 27 December 1910
61 Enrique Basadre.jpg Enrique C. Basadre Stevenson 27 December 1910 31 August 1911
62 Agustin G Ganoza.jpg Agustín Guillermo Ganoza Cavero 31 August 1911 24 September 1912
63 Elías Malpartida.jpg Elías Malpartida 24 September 1912 23 December 1912 Guillermo Billinghurst
64 Enrique Varela.jpg Enrique Varela Vidaurre
(1st time)
24 December 1912 24 February 1913
65 No image.png Federico Luna y Peralta 24 February 1913 17 June 1913
66 Aurelio Sousa Matute.jpg Aurelio Sousa Matute
(1st time)
17 June 1913 27 July 1913
64 Enrique Varela.jpg Enrique Varela Vidaurre
(2nd time)
27 July 1913 4 February 1914
67 Pedro E Muñiz.tif Pedro E. Muñiz Sevilla 16 May 1914 1 August 1914 Óscar Benavides
68 Meliton Carvajal.jpg Manuel Melitón Carvajal 1 August 1914 2 August 1914
66 Aurelio Sousa Matute.jpg Aurelio Sousa Matute
(2nd time)
22 August 1914 11 November 1914
59 Germán Schreiber.jpg Germán Schreiber Waddington
(2nd time)
11 November 1914 18 February 1915
69 Carlos Isaac Abril.tif Carlos Isaac Abril Galindo 18 February 1915 24 September 1915 José Pardo y Barreda
64 Enrique de la Riva Agüero.jpg Enrique de la Riva-Agüero y Looz Corswaren
(2nd time)
24 September 1915 27 July 1917
70 Francisco Tudela y Varela.jpg Francisco Tudela y Varela 27 July 1917 18 December 1918
71 German Arenas.jpg Germán Arenas Zuñiga
(1st time)
18 December 1918 26 April 1919
72 Juan Manuel Zuloaga.JPG Juan Manuel Zuloaga 26 April 1919 4 July 1919
73 German Leguia y Martinez.JPG Germán Leguía y Martínez Jakeway 4 July 1919 7 October 1922 Augusto B. Leguía y Salcedo
74 No image.png Julio Enrique Ego Aguirre 7 October 1922 12 October 1924
75 No image.png Alejandrino Maguiña 12 October 1924 7 December 1926
76 Pedro Rada y Gamio.jpg Pedro José Rada y Gamio 7 December 1926 12 October 1929
77 Benjamin Huaman de los Heros.JPG Benjamín Huamán de los Heros 12 October 1929 23 August 1930
78 No image.png Fernando Sarmiento 23 August 1930 25 August 1930
79 Sánchez Cerro.jpg Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro 25 August 1930 24 November 1930 Manuel María Ponce Brousset
Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro
80 Antonio Beingolea Balarezo.jpg Antonio Beingolea 24 November 1930 1 March 1931
71 German Arenas.jpg Germán Arenas Zuñiga
(2nd time)
8 December 1931 28 January 1932 Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro
81 No image.png Francisco R. Lanatta Ramírez 29 January 1932 13 April 1932
82 Luis A Flores.jpg Luis Angel Flores
(?–?)
13 April 1932 20 May 1932
83 No image.png Ricardo Rivadeneyra Barnuevo
(1872–1954)
21 May 1932 24 December 1932
84 José Matías Manzanilla.jpg José Matías Manzanilla Barrientos
(1867–1947)
24 December 1932 29 June 1933
Óscar Benavides
85 Jorge Prado.jpg Jorge Prado y Ugarteche
(1887–1970)
29 June 1933 24 November 1933
86 Jose de la Riva Aguero y Osma.jpg José de la Riva-Agüero y Osma
(1885–1944)
24 November 1933 18 May 1934
87 No image.png Alberto Rey de Castro y Romaña
(1st time)
(1869–1961)
September 1934 24 December 1934
88 Carlos Arenas y Loayza.jpg Carlos Arenas y Loayza
(1885–1955)
24 December 1934 May 1935
89 No image.png Manuel Esteban Rodríguez
(1883–?)
May 1935 13 April 1936
90 Ernesto Montagne Markholz.jpg Ernesto Montagne Markholz
(1885–1954)
8 December 1936 12 April 1939
87 No image.png Alberto Rey de Castro y Romaña
(2nd time)
(1869–1961)
12 April 1939 8 December 1939
91 Alfredo Solf y Muro.JPG Alfredo Solf y Muro
(1872–1969)
8 December 1939 3 December 1944 Manuel Prado y Ugarteche
92 No image.png Manuel Cisneros Sánchez
(1st time)
(1904–1971)
3 December 1944 28 July 1945
93 Rafael Belaunde.jpg Rafael Belaúnde Diez Canseco
(1886–1972)
28 July 1945 31 January 1946 José Bustamante y Rivero
94 No image.png Julio Ernesto Portugal Escobedo
(1894–1972)
31 January 1946 12 January 1947
95 No image.png José R. Alzamora Freundt
(1891–1953)
12 January 1947 30 October 1947
96 Roque A. Saldías.JPG Roque Augusto Saldías Maninat
(1st time)
(1892–1974)
27 February 1948 17 June 1948
97 No image.png Armando Revoredo Iglesias
(1896–1978)
17 June 1948 29 October 1948
98 No image.png Zenón Noriega Agüero
(1900–1957)
28 July 1950 9 August 1954 Manuel A. Odría
96 Roque A. Saldías.JPG Roque Augusto Saldías Maninat
(2nd time)
(1892–1974)
9 August 1954 28 July 1956
92 No image.png Manuel Cisneros Sánchez
(2nd time)
(1904–1971)
28 July 1956 9 June 1958 Manuel Prado y Ugarteche
99 Luis Gallo Porras.jpg Luis Gallo Porras
(1894–1972)
9 June 1958 18 July 1959
100 Pedro Beltrán.jpg Pedro Beltrán Espantoso
(1897–1979)
18 July 1959 24 November 1961
101 No image.png Carlos Moreyra y Paz Soldán
(1898–1981)
24 November 1961 18 July 1962
102 N. Lindley Lopez.jpg Nicolás Lindley López
(1908–1995)
18 July 1962 3 March 1963 Ricardo Pérez Godoy
3 March 1963 28 July 1963 Nicolás Lindley López
103 No image.png Julio Óscar Trelles Montes
(1904-1990)
28 July 1963 31 December 1963 Fernando Belaúnde Terry
104 No image.png Fernando Schwalb López Aldana
(1st time)
(1916–2002)
31 December 1963 15 September 1965
105 No image.png Daniel Becerra de la Flor
(1906-1987)
15 September 1965 6 September 1967
106 No image.png Edgardo Seoane Corrales
(1903-1978)
6 September 1967 17 November 1967
107 No image.png Raúl Ferrero Rebagliati
(1911–1977)
17 November 1967 30 May 1968
108 No image.png Oswaldo Hercelles García
(1908–1969)
30 May 1968 2 October 1968
109 No image.png Miguel Mujica Gallo
(1910–2001)
2 October 1968 3 October 1968
110 No image.png Ernesto Montagne Sánchez
(1916–1993)
3 October 1968 31 January 1973 Juan Velasco Alvarado
111 Edgardo Mercado Jarrín.jpg Luis Edgardo Mercado Jarrín
(1919–2012)
31 January 1973 1 February 1975
112 F. Morales Bermúdez.jpg Francisco Morales Bermúdez
(1921–)
1 February 1975 30 August 1975
113 No image.png Óscar Vargas Prieto
(1917–1989)
30 August 1975 31 January 1976 Francisco Morales Bermúdez
114 No image.png Jorge Fernández Maldonado Solari
(1922–2000)
31 January 1976 16 July 1976
115 No image.png Guillermo Arbulú Galliani
(1921–1998)
17 July 1976 30 January 1978
116 No image.png Óscar Molina Pallochia
(1921–1990)
30 January 1978 31 January 1979
117 No image.png Pedro Richter Prada
(1921–2017)
31 January 1979 28 July 1980
118 No image.png Manuel Ulloa Elías
(1922–1992)
28 July 1980 3 January 1983 Fernando Belaúnde Terry
104 No image.png Fernando Schwalb López Aldana
(2nd time)
(1916–2002)
3 January 1983 10 April 1984
119 No image.png Sandro Mariátegui Chiappe
(1921–2013)
12 October 1984 28 July 1985
120 No image.png Luis Ciro Pércovich Roca
(1931–2017)
12 October 1984 28 July 1985
121 Luis Alva Castro 070809-N-8704K-125 0X1WO.jpg Luis Juan Alva Castro
(1942–)
28 July 1985 26 June 1987 Alan García Pérez
122 No image.png Guillermo Larco Cox
(1st time)
(1932–2002)
26 June 1987 17 May 1988
123 Armando Villanueva del Campo.jpg Armando Villanueva del Campo
(1915–2013)
17 May 1988 15 May 1989
124 LuisASanchez.jpg Luis Alberto Felix Sánchez
(1900–1994)
15 May 1989 30 September 1989
122 No image.png Guillermo Larco Cox
(2nd time)
(1932–2002)
30 September 1989 28 July 1990
125 No image.png Juan Carlos Hurtado Miller
(1939–)
28 July 1990 15 February 1991 Alberto Fujimori
126 No image.png Carlos Torres y Torres Lara
(1942–2000)
15 February 1991 6 November 1991
127 No image.png Alfonso de los Heros Perez Alba
(1939–)
6 November 1991 6 April 1992
128 No image.png Óscar de la Puente Raygada
(1938–)
6 April 1992 28 August 1993
129 No image.png Alfonso Bustamante y Bustamante
(1941–)
28 August 1993 17 February 1994
130 No image.png Efraín Goldenberg Schreiber
(1929–)
17 February 1994 28 July 1995
131 No image.png Dante Córdova Blanco
(1943–)
28 July 1995 3 April 1996
132 No image.png Alberto Pandolfi Arbulú
(1st time)
(1940–)
3 April 1996 4 June 1998
133 Javier Valle Riestra 2.jpg Javier Valle Riestra González Olachea
(1932–)
4 June 1998 21 August 1998
132 No image.png Alberto Pandolfi Arbulú
(2nd time)
(1940–)
21 August 1998 3 January 1999
134 No image.png Víctor Dionicio Joy Way Rojas
(1945–)
3 January 1999 10 October 1999
135 BustamantePM.jpg José Alberto Bustamante Belaúnde
(1950–2008)
10 October 1999 29 July 2000
136 No image.png Federico Salas Guevara Schultz
(1950–)
29 July 2000 22 November 2000
137 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar.JPG Javier Pérez de Cuéllar
(1920–)
22 November 2000 28 July 2001 Valentín Paniagua
138 Portrait of roberto danino.jpg Roberto Enrique Dañino Zapata
(1951–)
28 July 2001 12 July 2002 Alejandro Toledo
139 No image.png Luis Solari De La Fuente
(1948–)
12 July 2002 28 June 2003
140 Beatrizmerino.jpg Martha Beatriz Merino Lucero
(1947–)
28 June 2003 15 December 2003
141 No image.png Carlos Ferrero Costa
(1941–)
15 December 2003 16 August 2005
142 Pedro Pablo Kuczynski.jpg Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Godard
(1938–)
16 August 2005 28 July 2006
143 Jorge del Castillo.jpg Jorge del Castillo Gálvez
(1950–)
28 July 2006 14 October 2008 Alan García Pérez
144 Yehude Simon Munaro.JPG Yehude Simon Munaro
(1947–)
14 October 2008 11 July 2009
145 Premier11.jpg Javier Velásquez
(1960–)
11 July 2009 14 September 2010
146 José Antonio Chang 2.jpg José Antonio Chang
(1958–)
14 September 2010 18 March 2011
147 ROSARIO FERNANDEZ02.jpg Rosario Fernández
(1955–)
19 March 2011 28 July 2011
148 Salomón Lerner.jpg Salomón Lerner Ghitis
(1946–)
28 July 2011 11 December 2011 Ollanta Humala
149 Oscar Valdés (2).jpg Oscar Valdés
(1949–)
11 December 2011 23 July 2012
150 Juan Jiménez Mayor 3.jpg Juan Jiménez Mayor
(1964–)
23 July 2012 31 October 2013
151 César Villanueva Arévalo.jpg César Villanueva
(1st time)
(1946–)
31 October 2013 24 February 2014
152 René Cornejo.jpg René Cornejo
(1962–)
24 February 2014 22 July 2014
153 Ana Jara.jpg Ana Jara
(1968–)
22 July 2014 2 April 2015
154 Pedro Cateriano.jpg Pedro Cateriano
(1958–)
2 April 2015 28 July 2016
155 Fernando Zavala.jpg Fernando Zavala Lombardi
(1971–)
28 July 2016 17 September 2017 Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
156 Mercedes Araoz.jpg Mercedes Aráoz Fernández
(1961–)
17 September 2017 2 April 2018
151 César Villanueva Arévalo.jpg César Villanueva
(2nd time)
(1946–)
2 April 2018 Incumbent Martín Vizcarra

References[]

External links[]