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|Prime Minister of the
Arab Republic of Egypt
|Term length||No term limit|
|Inaugural holder||Nubar Pasha|
|Formation||28 August 1878|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
|Political parties (former)|
The Prime Minister of Egypt (Arabic: رئيس الوزراء المصري ,رئيس الحكومة) is the head of the Egyptian government.
In the late 1970s, Egypt had several cohabitation governments which proved to be unstable, due to the struggle arising between the president and the prime minister. From 1981 until 2011, the National Democratic Party had maintained a majority in the People’s Assembly and supplied the Egyptian president. The National Democratic Party was dissolved by the supreme administrative court on 16 April 2011, following the Egyptian uprising which eventually caused the resignation of Hosni Mubarak.
The prime minister heads the cabinet, which in turn plays a leading role in shaping the agenda of the houses of Parliament. It may propose laws to Parliament as well as amendments during parliamentary meetings.
When parties from opposite ends of the political spectrum control Parliament and the presidency, the power-sharing arrangement is known as cohabitation. Several cohabitation governments took control in the 1970s yet proved to be very unstable.
From 1 March to 17 June 2014, Ibrahim Mahlab served as the Acting Prime Minister of Egypt. At the time of his appointment by Adly Mansour, he said, "security and stability in the entire country and crushing terrorism will pave the way for investment."
A new cabinet was formed on 19 September 2015.
Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi accepted the resignation of the government and asked Petroleum Minister Sherif Ismail to form a new cabinet.
As of May 2018, there are eight living former Prime Ministers of Egypt, as seen below.
born 1928 (age 90)
Ali M. Lutfi
born 1935 (age 82)
served 1996–1999 and 2011–2012
born 1933 (age 85)
born 1952 (age 65)
born 1941 (age 76)
born 1952 (age 66–67)
born 1962 (age 55)
born 1949 (age 69)
The most recent Prime Minister to die was Abd El Aziz Mohamed Hegazi (served 1974–1975), on 22 December 2014 aged 91.
Media related to Prime ministers of Egypt at Wikimedia Commons