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|Prime Minister of the|
Arab Republic of Egypt
|Term length||No term limit|
|Inaugural holder||Nubar Pasha|
|Formation||28 August 1878|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
|Political parties (former)|
The Prime Minister of Egypt (Arabic: رئيس الوزراء المصري ,رئيس الحكومة) is the head of the Egyptian government.
In the late 1970s, Egypt had several cohabitation governments which proved to be unstable, due to the struggle arising between the president and the prime minister. From 1981 until 2011, the National Democratic Party had maintained a majority in the People’s Assembly and supplied the Egyptian president. The National Democratic Party was dissolved by the supreme administrative court on 16 April 2011, following the Egyptian uprising which eventually caused the resignation of Hosni Mubarak.
Previously, under the 1971 Constitution as amended on 1980, 2003 and 2007, the role of the Prime Minister was limited only to supervising the Cabinet, as the President at that time, was both the head of state and of the government.
The Prime Minister, now, heads the cabinet, and the entire government of the country under the 2012 and the present 2014 Constitutions, aside from supervising and directing its activities and overseeing its work. And, he or she, plays a leading role in shaping the agenda of House of Representatives, the unicameral parliament. He or she, alongside the members of the Cabinet, may propose laws to Parliament as well as amendments during parliamentary meetings. The Prime Minister has also the power to issue regulations enforcing the laws as well as ensuring full public services and disciplinary measures, which must be subject to government approval.
The said powers were previously held by the President under the 1971 Constitution, as amended on 1980, 2003 and 2007.
The Prime Minister and the Cabinet also helps the President in formulating the state's general policy and in overseeing its implementation under the both 2012 and the present 2014 Constitutions.
When parties from opposite ends of the political spectrum control Parliament and the presidency, the power-sharing arrangement is known as cohabitation. Several cohabitation governments took control in the 1970s yet proved to be very unstable.
From 1 March to 17 June 2014, Ibrahim Mahlab served as the Acting Prime Minister of Egypt. At the time of his appointment by Adly Mansour, he said, "security and stability in the entire country and crushing terrorism will pave the way for investment."
A new cabinet was formed on 19 September 2015.
Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi accepted the resignation of the government and asked Petroleum Minister Sherif Ismail to form a new cabinet.
As of December 2018, there are seven living former Prime Ministers of Egypt, as seen below.
born 1928 (age 90)
served 1996–1999 and 2011–2012
born 1933 (age 85)
born 1952 (age 66)
born 1941 (age 77)
born 1952 (age 66–67)
born 1962 (age 56)
born 1949 (age 69)
born 1955 (age 63)
The most recent Prime Minister to die was Aly Lotfy Mahmoud (served 1985–1986), on 27 May 2018 aged 82.
Media related to Prime ministers of Egypt at Wikimedia Commons