|Context||End of the First Boer War and defeat of the British Empire and subsequent independence for the South African Republic|
|Signed||3 August 1881|
|Location||Pretoria, South African Republic (Negotiated in Newcastle)|
The Pretoria Convention was the peace treaty that ended the First Boer War (16 December 1880 until 23 March 1881) between the Transvaal Boers and the United Kingdom. The treaty was signed in Pretoria on 3 August 1881, but was subject to ratification by the Volksraad within 3 months from the date of signature. The Volksraad first raised objections to a number of the clauses of the treaty, but did eventually ratify the version signed in Pretoria, after Britain refused any further concessions or changes to the treaty.
British preparation work for the Pretoria Convention of 1881 was done at Newcastle.
Under this agreement, the South African Republic regained self-government under nominal British suzerainty.
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