President of Yugoslavia

President of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Flag of the President of Yugoslavia (1963–1993).svg
ResidenceWhite Palace, Belgrade
AppointerFederal Assembly of SFR Yugoslavia
Term lengthUnlimited
PrecursorPresident of the Presidium of the National Assembly
Formation14 January 1953
First holderJosip Broz Tito
Final holderJosip Broz Tito
Abolished4 May 1980
SuccessionCollective leadership
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The President of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, or the President of the Republic for short, was the head of state of that country from 14 January 1953 to 4 May 1980. Josip Broz Tito was the only person to occupy the office. Broz was also concurrently President of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia. Broz was eventually declared president for life and with his death in 1980 the office was discontinued and the new office of President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia took its place.

The 1946 constitution defined the government of Yugoslavia headed by a president (commonly known as prime minister) as the highest administrative authority in the country.[1] Broz served as Prime Minister during the entire period up to adoption of the 1953 constitution. This law proclaimed the country to be a socialist republic and removed all previous references to a government, ministries, etc.[2] Instead it defined the office of President and the Federal Executive Council (FEC) in place of the government. The President was to serve as both head of state and would also preside over the FEC, a body of 30-40 members some of whom would be selected to be federal secretaries.[3] Broz moved from the position of Prime Minister to President on 14 January 1953 and was subsequently re-elected on 29 January 1954 and 19 April 1958.

The 1963 constitution specifically gave Broz an unlimited number of terms.[4] It also defined a new office of President of the Federal Executive Council which would head that institution rather than the President. Broz could still convene the Federal Executive Council, remained head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and concurrently still served as head of the communist party. He was re-elected by the Federal Assembly under this system again in 1963 and 1968.

Constitutional amendments in 1971 created a new collective presidency consisting of republican representatives, still presided over by the President of the Republic.[5] The 1974 constitution gave the then 82-year old Broz an unlimited mandate, making him president-for-life.[6] It also created a new rotating office of President of the Presidency which would take effect in the event of Broz's death. The sitting Vice President of the Presidency would succeed him in this case. This eventually occurred on 4 May 1980 when Lazar Koliševski became the first President of the Presidency upon Broz's death.

List of Presidents of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia[]

  League of Communists of Yugoslavia (SKJ)

President Took office Left office Time in office Party
1
Josip Broz Tito
Tito, Josip BrozMarshal of Yugoslavia
Josip Broz Tito
(1892–1980)
14 January 19534 May 1980 †27 years, 111 daysSKJ

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ "Službeni list Federativne Narodne Republike Jugoslavije". II (10). Belgrade. 1 February 1946.
  2. ^ "Službeni list Federativne Narodne Republike Jugoslavije". IX (3). Belgrade. 14 January 1953.
  3. ^ "Službeni list Federativne Narodne Republike Jugoslavije". IX (3). Belgrade. 14 January 1953.
  4. ^ "Službeni list Socijalističke Federativne Republike Jugoslavije". XIX (14). Belgrade. 10 April 1963.
  5. ^ "Službeni list Socijalističke Federativne Republike Jugoslavije". XXVII (29). Belgrade. 8 July 1971.
  6. ^ "Službeni list Socijalističke Federativne Republike Jugoslavije". XXX (9). Belgrade. 21 February 1974.