|President of |
Serbia and Montenegro
Standard of the President of
Serbia and Montenegro
|Formation||15 June 1992|
|First holder||Dobrica Ćosić|
|Final holder||Svetozar Marović|
|Abolished||3 June 2006|
|Succession|| Boris Tadić|
The President of Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Председник Србије и Црне Горе) was the head of state of Serbia and Montenegro. From its establishment in 1992 until 2003, when the country was reconstituted as a confederacy (state union) via constitutional reform, the head of state was known as the President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbian: Председник Савезне Републике Југославије). With the constitutional reforms of 2003 and the merging of the offices of head of government and head of state, the full title of the president was President of Serbia and Montenegro and Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Председник Србије и Црне Горе / Председник Савета министара Србије и Црне Горе). In 2006 the office was abolished as the state union was dissolved, with Serbia and Montenegro becoming independent countries. Kosovo became an independent country in 2008.
As head of state, the President had the power to
In 2003, the powers of the president were extended to include the right to chair the Council of Ministers and propose the composition of the Council of Ministers to the parliament, effectively merging the powers of the head of government into the office.
From 1992 to 2000, the president was elected at the proposal of the President and Vice President of the Federal Assembly of Yugoslavia for a four-year term. After the constitutional amendments of 2000, direct elections for the office of President were introduced. After the constitutional reforms of 2003, the president was elected at the proposal of the President and Vice President of the Parliament of Serbia and Montenegro for a four-year term. The President of Serbia and Montenegro was a member of the Supreme Defence Council together with the President of Serbia and the President of Montenegro.
The results of the direct presidential elections of 2000 were as follows:
|Vojislav Koštunica||Democratic Opposition of Serbia||2,470,304||50.24|
|Tomislav Nikolić||Serbian Radical Party||289,013||5.88|
|Vojislav Mihailović||Serbian Renewal Movement||145,019||2.95|
|Miodrag Vidojković||Affirmative Party||45,964||0.93|
|Total (turnout 71.5%)||4,778,929||100.0|
There were six Presidents of FR Yugoslavia (two acting) after its assertion of independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) in 1992 up until its dissolution in 2003. Svetozar Marović of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro was the only President of the FR Yugoslavia after its constitutional reforms and reconstitution as a confederacy. He was inaugurated on March 7, 2003. After the declaration of independence of Montenegro, on June 3, 2006, the President announced on June 4, 2006 the termination of his office.
|No.||Head of State||Lifespan||Took office||Left office||Party||Representing||Note|
|Presidents of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia|
|1||Dobrica Ćosić||1921–2014||15 June 1992||1 June 1993||Independent||Serbia|
|1929–2017||1 June 1993||25 June 1993||Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro||Montenegro||Acting|
|2||Zoran Lilić||1953–||25 June 1993||25 June 1997||Socialist Party of Serbia||Serbia|
|1955–||25 June 1997||23 July 1997||Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro||Montenegro||Acting|
|3||Slobodan Milošević||1941–2006||23 July 1997||7 October 2000||Socialist Party of Serbia||Serbia||Forced to step down in the Bulldozer Revolution.|
|4||Vojislav Koštunica||1944–||7 October 2000||7 March 2003||Democratic Party of Serbia
(Democratic Opposition of Serbia)
|Serbia||The only president elected in direct elections|
|President of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro|
|5||Svetozar Marović||1955–||7 March 2003||3 June 2006||Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro||Montenegro||Also head of government as|
the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro (offices merged).
|Name||Term||Date of birth|
|Zoran Lilić||1993–1997||27 August 1953|
|Vojislav Koštunica||2000–2003||24 March 1944|
|Svetozar Marović||2003–2006||31 March 1955|